Air Medical Journal contains peer-reviewed clinical and research articles dedicated to advancing the scientific knowledge base of transport medicine. This material includes original research, collective reviews, case studies, features, and letters to the editors concerning the clinical practice, clinical research, education, planning, and administration of medical care by medical transport professionals. The journal also contains manuscripts examining the management, flight operations, and safety aspects of medical transport services. Other special material may be published at the editors' discretion. Air Medical Journal, the official journal of the five leading medical transport associations, seeks informative articles of interest to transport nurses, transport paramedics, EMS pilots, and EMS physicians, administrators, and communications specialists. These manuscripts include how-to articles, safety and operational matters, clinical topics, program profiles, and association news. All materials are reviewed by at least one member of the editorial board. Original research, brief reports, and case reports are peer-reviewed by at least two members of the board. To maintain objectivity, such reviews are conducted in a double-blind fashion.
• Original Research: This category includes studies of interventions that potentially affect patient outcome. Also included are other activities that affect patient care and other general topics related to transport medicine. Such material must be submitted in the following format.
Abstract—Abstracts must be concise summaries presented in the following structured format: Introduction, which includes a statement regarding the purpose of the study; Methods, which states whether the study is retrospective or prospective, the type of intervention performed, the type and number of subjects, and the method of sample selection; Results, including the statistical significance; and Conclusion. Clinical studies also should include a category Setting, inserted just after the Introduction. Abstracts must be provided on a separate page and limited to 200 words, excluding title, authors, and participating institutions.Introduction—The introduction section should state clearly the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study. Previously published material used to build the case for the study should be referenced.
Methods—The methods section should describe the authors' work in sufficient detail so that others in the field can reproduce the study. This section includes specific descriptions of the setting, the sample characteristics and method of selection, and measurement instruments, including estimates of reliability and precision, if applicable. The type of statistical analyses must be stated. Where appropriate, approval of the authors' institutional review board must be included.Results—Results may be provided as tables, figures, and written text. The text must explain, in detail, data provided as tables or figures but should not be redundant. All direct results from the study must appear in this section. No discussion of the results should appear in this section.
Discussion—The discussion section should interpret results in terms of meaning and applicability and should present the strengths and weaknesses of the study. Results should not be repeated unnecessarily. Computations or extrapolations that may help to explain the results may be provided. The final paragraph should summarize the paper and the conclusions that may be drawn from the work. In addition, suggestions should be included for future research. References in positive or negative support for explanations must be annotated with such comparisons.Significant Figures—Numbers expressed with greater significant figures than the accuracy inherent in the measurements should be rounded off to that accuracy.
References—See link above.• Operational Research: Material in this category should deal with the interplay between medicine and transport concerns. In general, it should be presented in the same format as Original Research, although some flexibility will be permitted where appropriate.
• Brief Reports: Work in progress and initial reports with a small sample size may be published as brief reports. The format should be that of Original Research. Authors must have a sample size with a sufficient power to prevent beta error. Brief reports should have approximately 1000 words.
• Case Reports: Interesting cases illustrating a particular point of clinical care or examples of a specific disease state or pathophysiologic process of concern to transport medical professionals may be reported. The manuscript should be submitted in the following format:
Case Report—Present the actual case in sufficient detail to allow the readers to adequately understand the interplay of medical transport and pathophysiology. This section generally should be approximately 300 words.Discussion—Review the relevant literature and offer conclusions and suggestions for other medical transport professionals.
References—As listed earlier.• Subject Reviews: Authors are invited to submit scholarly discussions of topics of relevance and interest to medical transport professionals. Examples of potential topics include altitude physiology and advances in cardiac resuscitation.
• Letters to the Editors: Individuals are invited to write to the editors in response to topics discussed in the Journal or to raise other topics of interest to transport medical professionals. Letters should have no more than three references and no figures or tables. The editors reserve the right to edit letters for length and content.
Questions before submission can be sent to the managing editor at email@example.com.
All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. More information.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' section of our ethics policy for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
Each author is required to declare his or her individual contribution to the article: all authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.
All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted.
Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.
Article transfer service
This journal is part of our Article Transfer Service. This means that if the Editor feels your article is more suitable in one of our other participating journals, then you may be asked to consider transferring the article to one of those. If you agree, your article will be transferred automatically on your behalf with no need to reformat. Please note that your article will be reviewed again by the new journal. More information.
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As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. More information.
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• Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
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A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, references should be avoided. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
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Abbreviations may be used only for cumbersome titles or commonly accepted terminology. When such abbreviations are used, annotate them with the initial mention of words within the manuscript followed by the abbreviation in parentheses.
Standard scientific abbreviations should be subscript or superscript. Terms with multiple interpretations may not be abbreviated when they appear together in a paper. Use ml rather than cc for fluid volumes. All hemodynamic pressures should be in mm Hg. Gas tensions should be expressed in torr. Temperature should be expressed in °C, with the equivalent temperature in °F expressed in parentheses. All other measurements may be expressed in either the metric or English system, with the appropriate conversion in parentheses, but they should be used consistently throughout the manuscript.Formatting of funding sources
List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements:
Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa].It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.
If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Artwork
Whilst it is accepted that authors sometimes need to manipulate images for clarity, manipulation for purposes of deception or fraud will be seen as scientific ethical abuse and will be dealt with accordingly. For graphical images, this journal is applying the following policy: no specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if and as long as they do not obscure or eliminate any information present in the original. Nonlinear adjustments (e.g. changes to gamma settings) must be disclosed in the figure legend.
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• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
• Provide captions to illustrations separately.
• Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the published version.
• Submit each illustration as a separate file.
A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available.
You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.
If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format.
Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.
Please do not:
• Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors;
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• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.
Elsevier's WebShop offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier's expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, tables and graphs. Image 'polishing' is also available, where our illustrators take your image(s) and improve them to a professional standard. Please visit the website to find out more.
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.
A DOI can be used to cite and link to electronic articles where an article is in-press and full citation details are not yet known, but the article is available online. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article. An example of a citation using DOI for an article not yet in an issue is: VanDecar J.C., Russo R.M., James D.E., Ambeh W.B., Franke M. (2003). Aseismic continuation of the Lesser Antilles slab beneath northeastern Venezuela. Journal of Geophysical Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2001JB000884i. Please note the format of such citations should be in the same style as all other references in the paper.Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
Text: Indicate references by (consecutive) superscript arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. The numerals are to be used outside periods and commas, inside colons and semicolons. For further detail and examples you are referred to the AMA Manual of Style, A Guide for Authors and Editors, Tenth Edition, ISBN 0-978-0-19-517633-9 (see http://www.amanualofstyle.com).
List: Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations.
The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.
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Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
• E-mail address
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All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
• All figure captions
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• Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
• References are in the correct format for this journal
• All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
• Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print, or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
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