What does research tell us about animals, and does it help us protect their rights?

Special article collection marks World Animal Day

We lose as many as 150 species a day due to human activity – about 10,000 times the natural rate of extinction each year. But studies show that animals are good for us: having pets can reduce stress, lower heart rate and reduce blood pressure. World Animal Day (4 October) aims to raise the status of animals in order to improve their welfare around the world. To mark the day, we have collated a special collection of the latest research published in Elsevier journals – free to access until the 1st of January 2018.

The lives of animals are affected significantly by the actions of individuals, businesses and nations. In Sudan, for example, the constant political unrest combined with climate change has caused drought, deforestation and loss of biodiversity. In response, the UN has set up biodiversity strategies to help raise awareness and train local people to care properly for animals in their areas.

World Animal Dayis a movement that connects communities around the world, provides resources and encourages people to host their own events. It also has an ambassador programme, which currently supports 94 ambassadors in 77 different countries to gain political and media attention for animal rights issues.

This special article collection features some of the latest animal research published in Elsevier journals. What is your dog telling you? How do environmental changes affect horse emotions? Find out about this research and more, by reading the collection – free until 1st of January 2018.

Journal of Comparative Pathology

One Health Approach to Preventing Obesity in People and Their Pets
M.J.Day

Obesity and Associated Comorbidities in People and Companion Animals: A One Health Perspective
M.Chandler,S.Cunningham,E.M.Lund,C.Khanna,R.Naramore,A.Patel,M.J.Day

Research in Veterinary Science

The connection between animal abuse and interpersonal violence: A review from the veterinary perspective
Stefany Monsalvea, FernandoFerreira, RitaGarcia

Histological differences in the adrenal glands and cortisol levels of suckling dairy goat kids in enriched andnon-enriched environments
A.P.Rosas-Trigueros, I.E.Candanosa-Aranda, A.E.Ducoing-Watty, J.Gutiérrez-Molotla, F.Galindo, A.M.Sisto-Burt

Functional foods in pet nutrition: Focus on dogs and cats
Alessandro Di Cerbo, Julio Cesar Morales-Medina, Beniamino Palmieri,Federica Pezzuto,Raffaella Cocco,Gonzalo Flores, TommasoIannitti

Journal of Equine Veterinary Science

Effect of Routine Dentistry on Fecal Fiber Length in Donkey
Claire Johnson, Jane Williams, Chelsie Phillips

Conflict Behavior in Show Jumping Horses: A Field Study
Ewa Jastrzębska, Anna Wolska, Michela Minero, Magdalena Ogłuszka, Bernadette Earley, Janusz Wejer, Aleksandra Górecka-Bruzda

Horses Working in Therapeutic Riding Programs: Cortisol, Adrenocorticotropic Hormone, Glucose, and Behavior Stress Indicators
Rebecca A.Johnson, Philip J.Johnson, Dorothea V.Megarani, Sarita D.Patel, Hayley D.Yaglom, Steven Osterlind, Karen Grindler, Catherine M.Vogelweid, Taryn M.Parker, Chyan K.Pascua, Sandra M.Crowder

Do Different Emotional States Affect the Horse Grimace Scale Score? A Pilot Study
Emanuela Dalla Costa, Daniele Bracci, Francesca Dai, Dirk Lebelt, Michela Minero

Preventive Veterinary Medicine

How can veterinarians be interesting partners for organic dairy farmers? French farmers’ point of views
E.Duval, N.Bareille, C.Fourichon, A.Madouasse, M.Vaarst

Assessing the impact of different persuasive messages on the intentions and behaviour of cat owners: A randomised control trial
Lynette J.McLeod, Donald W.Hine,Andrew J.Bengsen, Aaron B.Driver

Risk factors for underweight and overweight in cats in metropolitan Sydney, Australia
Kendy T.Teng, Paul D.McGreevy, Jenny-Ann L.M.L.Toribio,David Raubenheimer, Kim Kendall, Navneet K.Dhand

Applied Animal Behavior Science

Do bottlenose dolphins display behavioural response to fish taste?
BertrandBouchard, Thomas J.Lisney, SylvieCampagna, AurélieCélérier

Reindeer spatial use before, during and after construction of a wind farm
DiressTsegaye, Jonathan E.Colman, SindreEftestøl, KjetilFlydal, GunnlaugRøthe, KåreRapp

Should I whine or should I bark? Qualitative and quantitative differences between the vocalizations of dogs with and without separation-related symptoms
PéterPongrácz, RitaLenkei, AndrásMarx, TamásFaragó

Why pace? The influence of social, housing, management, life history, and demographic characteristics on locomotor stereotypy in zoo elephants.
Brian J.Greco, Cheryl L.Meehan, Jennifer L.Heinsius, Joy A.Mench

Dairy goats prefer to use different flooring types to perform different behaviours
Mhairi A.SutherlandGemma L.LoweTrevor J.WatsonColleen M.RossDelphineRappGosia A.Zobel

Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine

Veterinary Care of Scorpions
Thiago M.ChiarielloDVM

Prevalence of Citrobacter spp. From Pet Turtles and Their Environment
SabrinaHossainMS, Sudu Hakuruge Madusha PramudWimalasenaBSc, MahanamaDe ZoysaPhD, Gang-JoonHeoPhD, DrVetMed

Theriogenology

Therapeutic approach for improving survival in preterm neonatal puppies.
F.M.Regazzi, L.C.G.Silva, C.F.Lúcio, G.A.L.Veiga, D.S.R.Angrimani, D.Kishi, M.M.M.Barbosa, C.I.Vannucchi

Development of an easy method to assess neonatal puppies that deserve special treatment for survival.
B.Bolis, A.Prandi, A.Rota, M.Faustini, M.C.Veronesi

Development of a diagnostic aid to assess risk-pregnancies in horses
Mitsumori Shikichi, Katsuroku Iwata, Katsumi Ito, Daisuke Miyakoshi Harutaka Murase, Fumio Sato, Kenji Korosue, Shunichi Nagata, Yasuo Nambo

Journal of Veterinary Behavior

The effects of using aversive training methods in dogs: A review
Gal Ziv

Analysis of the intraspecific visual communication in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris): A pilot study on the case of calming signals
ChiaraMariti, CaterinaFalaschi, MarcellaZilocchi, JaumeFatjó, ClaudioSighieri, AsahiOgi, AngeloGazzano

Appeasement signals used by dogs during dog human communication
Angelika Firnkes, Angela Bartels, Emilie Bidoli, Michael Erhard