Chairs’ Letter of Invitation
As Co-Chairs and on behalf of the organising committee and scientific committee, we are delighted to welcome scientists from around the world to the 3rd International Conference on Desalination using Membrane Technology, MEMDES 2017. This exciting opportunity is entirely dedicated to the recent developments in desalination and related technologies.
The global desalination market is expected to reach US$52.4 billion by 2020, up 320.3% from US$12.5 billion in 2010, according to a report from energy research publisher SBI Energy. The report further specifies that membrane technology reverse osmosis segment will see the largest growth, reaching US$39.46 billion by 2020.
Energy and water are very much inter-related. Seven per cent of the global energy is used to produce water and at the same time fifty per cent of the water supply is used to generate power and that might increase in the future. Therefore, as desalinators we must keep looking into ways of efficient and sustainable production of water with less energy.
Over 1 billion people, mostly in developing countries, currently lack access to clean drinking water, whilst another 2.6 billion lack adequate sanitation. It has been estimated that by the year 2050, half of the world’s population will face severe water shortages. In addition, it is expected that the world’s population will increase by 40 to 50% over the next 50 years to reach 9 billion. However, the amount of fresh water naturally available cannot match this overwhelming demand. This has direct consequences on feeding the world’s population in 2050 as it will take 50% more fresh water than what we use today. How can we secure enough fresh water – and food – for the future? Which is why, as the world’s population explodes, we have to ask ourselves, do we fight for fresh water now or sit back and wait for a global food crisis? What can engineers do to access more fresh water and prevent a global food crisis? The most viable alternative, as it stands now, is to tap into the large amount of seawater that is readily available across the world, through desalination processes.
The international journal Desalination is supporting this conference. Desalination reaches a milestone, it is amazing to think of all that we have achieved so far. The publication speed for our journal is considered one of the best of Elsevier’s journals and the number of citations is increasing rapidly and the number of downloads also increased to over 1.3 million in the last 12 months. The 2014 ISI web of science reported an impact factor of 2.756. This increase in impact factor is due to the improvement in the quality of papers published through strict refereeing and examination of the papers submitted resulting in a current rejection rate of 81%. We are delighted to say that this is in no small part due to the hard work of you, the editorial board and reviewers, in not only refereeing the papers submitted but raising the standard of the quality of papers that we publish. To all of the editorial board and reviewers we give our thanks and congratulations.
The conference committee has put together a truly unique programme that addresses the cutting edge in desalination and water treatment and related techniques. A series of state-of-the-art plenary presentations will be presented by internationally renowned experts. This will be accompanied by breakout sessions of oral presentations. Posters have been organised to be easily accessible for viewing during sessions, coffee breaks and lunches. The associated exhibition will provide you with up to date information on commercially available support for your line of work.
This conference is held in Canary Islands, which are very well known in the desalination market due to their role as pioneers in the use of all the desalination technologies. This conference is the foremost platform for sharing and discussing your own research with key opinion leaders across water treatment and desalination. It is a great pleasure for us to invite you all to join us for intensive academic discussions in a stimulating atmosphere in the Canary Islands, which have desalination experience of more than 40 years.