Wolf howling Is mediated by relationship quality rather than emotional stress

Researchers show that growth rates have risen rapidly since the 1960s — in a manner that is unprecedented in the last 150 years

[divider]When a member of the wolf pack leaves the group, the howling by those left behind isn't a reflection of stress but of the quality of their relationships. So say researchers based on a study of nine wolves from two packs living at Austria's Wolf Science Center that appears today  in Current Biology, a publication of Elsevier's Cell Press.

The findings shed important light on the degree to which animal vocal production can be considered as voluntary, the researchers say.

Read about this article and find a link to the research in Elsevier Connect: "Wolves howl because they care"

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