Ebola Information Center
Elsevier’s free health and medical research, online tools and expert advice on Ebola
Welcome to Elsevier's Ebola Information Center
This page will provide continually updated resources from Elsevier's content and experts. We developed it to give our readers – medical professionals, health researchers, and members of the public interested in Ebola – one place where they can access the depth and breadth of Elsevier's resources on the Ebola virus.
Elsevier's resources span scientific and medical journals and textbooks, educational products, and a variety of other content. We have also asked our clinicians to provide original commentary. Our goal is to provide these resources for free for the next several months as the Ebola crisis continues.
- Ebola outbreak in the Congo
- Online Resources
- Access to research in developing countries
- Articles in Elsevier journals (New article added from The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
- Skills checklists and patient education
- In the media (New: "Ebola survivors at higher risk of dying, even after recovery")
Ebola outbreak in the Congo
The World Health Organization has declared the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo a public health emergency of international concern. Read more from the WHO.
The Lancet Ebola Resource Centre provides free access to research in The Lancet and Cell Press
To assist health workers and researchers working under difficult and dangerous conditions to bring this outbreak to a close, The Lancet has created an Ebola Resource Centre. This hub brings together existing Ebola content from The Lancet journals and Cell Press and will feature the latest Ebola research as it is published. It is intended to be a comprehensive Ebola resource for clinicians, public health professionals, and anybody else who needs access to existing Ebola research and latest developments.
Ebola Resources for Nurse Educators
On its Ebola Resources for Nurse Educators page, the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) is hosting a curated collection of news, events and webinars for nursing school deans, faculty members, students, and other stakeholders. Elsevier publishes the AACN's Journal of Professional Nursing.
Access to research in developing countries
Research4Life provides free and low-cost access for researchers in developing countries
Elsevier is a founding member of Research4Life, a public-private partnership of over 200 academic publishers, four UN agencies, Yale and Cornell universities and the International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers (STM). With the support of technology partner Microsoft, the program provides free or low-cost online access to nearly 30,000 peer-reviewed journals, books and databases to over 6,000 institutions in more than 100 developing countries and territories.
Learn more .
Articles in Elsevier journals
These articles are freely available until July 23, 2020, except for those in Cell Press journals and our open access articles, which are available in perpetuity.
Annals of Epidemiology
These articles are freely available through July 2021:
- The development of a massive open online course during the 2014–15 Ebola virus disease epidemic (Sept 2017)
- Emergency response in a global health crisis: epidemiology, ethics, and Ebola application (April 2016)
American Journal of Ophthalmology
The American Journal of Pathology
- Ebola Virus Localization in the Macaque Reproductive Tract during Acute Ebola Virus Disease (March 2018)
- Pathogenesis of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever in Cynomolgus Macaques: Evidence that Dendritic Cells Are Early and Sustained Targets of Infection (Dec 2003)
- Pathogenesis of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever in Primate Models: Evidence that Hemorrhage Is Not a Direct Effect of Virus-Induced Cytolysis of Endothelial Cells (Dec 2003)
Cell Press has made these articles freely available in perpetuity:
- Ebola from Bedside to Bench (May 2019)
- Longitudinal Analysis of the Human B Cell Response to Ebola Virus Infection (May 2019)
- Protein Interaction Mapping Identifies RBBP6 as a Negative Regulator of Ebola Virus Replication (Dec 2018)
- Systematic Analysis of Monoclonal Antibodies against Ebola Virus GP Defines Features that Contribute to Protection (Aug 2018)
- Electron Cryo-microscopy Structure of Ebola Virus Nucleoprotein Reveals a Mechanism for Nucleocapsid-like Assembly (Feb 2018)
Cell Host & Microbe
- A Role for Fc Function in Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibody-Mediated Protection against Ebola Virus (Aug 2018)
Cell Reports (open access)
- Release of Immunomodulatory Ebola Virus Glycoprotein-Containing Microvesicles Is Suppressed by Tetherin in a Species-Specific Manner (Feb 2019)
- Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of Ebola Virus Infection by Human Antibodies Isolated from Survivors (Aug 2018)
- Recently Identified Mutations in the Ebola Virus-Makona Genome Do Not Alter Pathogenicity in Animal Models (May 2018)
- Structural Basis of Pan-Ebolavirus Neutralization by an Antibody Targeting the Glycoprotein Fusion Loop (Sept 2018)
- Antibody Repertoires to the Same Ebola Vaccine Antigen Are Differentially Affected by Vaccine Vectors (Aug 2018)
Clinical Microbiology and Infection
- Evaluation of the scientific impact of the Ebola epidemic: a systematic review (June 2018)
- EBOLA Ag K-SeT rapid test: field evaluation in Sierra Leone (June 2018)
- A systematic review and meta-analysis of patient data from the West Africa (2013–16) Ebola virus disease epidemic (July 2019)
- Multifunctional Pan-ebolavirus Antibody Recognizes a Site of Broad Vulnerability on the Ebolavirus Glycoprotein (Aug 2018) — open access
International Journal of Infectious Diseases
These articles were published open access:
- Ebola in the DRC one year later – Boiling the Frog (July 2019)
- Ebola vaccine development: Systematic review of pre-clinical and clinical studies, and meta-analysis of determinants of antibody response variability after vaccination (Sept 2019)
- Recrudescence of Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa, 2014–2016 (Nov 2017)
- The challenges of detecting and responding to a Lassa fever outbreak in an Ebola-affected setting (Jan 2018)
- Enhancing preparation for large Nipah outbreaks beyond Bangladesh: Preventing a tragedy like Ebola in West Africa (July 2018)
- Impact of infectious disease epidemics on tuberculosis diagnostic, management, and prevention services: experiences and lessons from the 2014–2015 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa (March 2017)
- Utility and potential of rapid epidemic intelligence from internet-based sources (Oct 2017)
- Are we ready for a global pandemic of Ebola virus? (Nov 2014)
- Guidelines for treatment of patients with Ebola Virus Diseases are urgently needed (December 2014)
Journal of Clinical Virology
Journal of Hospital Infection
- Preparedness and the importance of meeting the needs of healthcare workers: a qualitative study on Ebola (Feb 2018)
- Personal protective equipment solution for UK military medical personnel working in an Ebola virus disease treatment unit in Sierra Leone (May 2017)
Journal of Infection
- Enhanced case management can be delivered for patients with EVD in Africa: Experience from a UK military Ebola treatment centre in Sierra Leone (April 2018) — open access
- Knowledge, attitudes and practice for Ebola virus disease in the national rapidly deployable isolation and treatment facility in Sierra Leone (June 2017)
- Network visualization for outbreak response: Mapping the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) chains of transmission in N'Zérékoré, Guinea (March 2017)
- Evaluation of convalescent whole blood for treating Ebola Virus Disease in Freetown, Sierra Leone (March 2017)
The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics
- Diagnostic targETEd seQuencing adjudicaTion (DETEQT): Algorithms for Adjudicating Targeted Infectious Disease Next-Generation Sequencing Panels (Jan 2019)
- A Systematic Approach to Novel Virus Discovery in Emerging Infectious Disease Outbreaks (May 2015)
- Development of a Novel One-Tube Isothermal Reverse Transcription Thermophilic Helicase-Dependent Amplification Platform for Rapid RNA Detection (Nov 2007)
The Lancet Infectious Diseases
- Subsequent mortality in survivors of Ebola virus disease in Guinea: a nationwide retrospective cohort study (Sept 2019)
Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
- Caring for patients with Ebola virus disease: Are U.S. biocontainment centers ready for the next outbreak? (May 2019)
Social Science & Medicine
- “We are the heroes because we are ready to die for this country”: Participants' decision-making and grounded ethics in an Ebola vaccine clinical trial (April 2018)
- Unintended consequences of the ‘bushmeat ban’ in West Africa during the 2013–2016 Ebola virus disease epidemic (March 2018)
- The symbolic violence of ‘outbreak’: A mixed-methods, quasi-experimental impact evaluation of social protection on Ebola survivor wellbeing (Dec 2017)
- The oughtness of care: Fear, stress, and caregiving during the 2000–2001 Ebola outbreak in Gulu, Uganda (Dec 2017)
- Ebola-related stigma in Ghana: Individual and community level determinants (June 2017)
- Accepted monitoring or endured quarantine? Ebola contacts' perceptions in Senegal (April 2017)
- Public health and public trust: Survey evidence from the Ebola Virus Disease epidemic in Liberia (Jan 2017)
- Taking the bull by the horns: Ethical considerations in the design and implementation of an Ebola virus therapy trial (Jan 2016)
- Reaching out to Ebola victims: Coercion, persuasion or an appeal for self-sacrifice? (Dec 2015) — open access
- Uncovering zoonoses awareness in an emerging disease ‘hotspot’ (March 2015)
- Structures of Ebola and Reston Virus VP35 Oligomerization Domains and Comparative Biophysical Characterization in All Ebolavirus Species (Jan 2019)
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
- Letter to editor: Ebola and guidance for those who travel or migrate in endemic areas (June 2019)
- Neuropsychological long-term sequelae of Ebola virus disease survivors – A systematic review (July-Aug 2017) — open access
- Ebola in North Kivu, DR Congo – is it an undeclared public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC)? (May-June 2019)
- Ebola 2018 – Implications for travel health advice and relevance for travel medicine (Aug 2018)
Trends in Microbiology
- Ebola Virus Replication Stands Out (July 2019)
Skills checklists and patient education
These skills checklists were developed by health professionals on the Elsevier Clinical Solutions team as an assessment tool for healthcare professionals at US hospitals that may treat Ebola patients. They are based on current recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Each checklist allows for observation and evaluation of proficiency in donning and doffing of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and identifies areas for improvement for training and competence.
- Ebola Isolation Precautions Checklist — Donning PPE. Checklist for Donning PPE including the use of an N95 respirator or a PAPR.
- Ebola Isolation Precautions Checklist — Doffing PPE with N95. Checklist for Doffing PPE when using an N95 Respirator.
- Ebola Isolation Precautions Checklist — Doffing PPE with PAPR. Checklist for Doffing PPE when using a PAPR.
- Isolation Precautions and Personal Protective Equipment Skill: This skill was developed by Mosby's Clinical Experts to provide information needed to initiate and maintain isolation precautions, and includes general information, procedural steps, and checklists for the donning and doffing of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE ). The content is based on recommendations from the CDC and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
- Ebola virus disease patient education: ExitCare Patient Information that outlines the causes, symptoms (both early and late), diagnosis, treatment, home care instructions and conditions under which a person should seek medical care.
- Ebola virus disease information patient education: ExitCare Patient Information that answers questions such as: How can Ebola be prevented? How do healthcare providers diagnose Ebola? What treatment is available and How should the home and clothing of a person with Ebola be cleaned to keep other household members safe?
In the media
- Ebola survivors at higher risk of dying, even after recovery (The Washington Post, Sept 4, 2019). According to a study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Ebola survivors are at a higher than usual risk of dying in the year after their recovery. The article notes that compared to the general public, Ebola survivors had a five times higher risk of dying in the first year after their release, with nearly two-thirds reportedly having kidney problems that may have contributed to their deaths. Also reported in The Telegraph, Reuters, ABC News, and The Japan Times.
Various Elsevier authors are speaking and writing about Ebola for media outlets worldwide. Here's a sample. We will continue to update this list:
- Dr. Thomas Geisbart talks about Ebola containment on National Public Radio. Dr. Geisbart is a virologist and Professor of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Texas Medical Branch. His article on Ebola haemorrhagic fever (albeit dated March 2011) is currently one of the most downloaded articles in The Lancet today.
- Dr. Anthony Fauci is writing the Ebola Update on the White House Blog. Dr. Fauci, Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health, has authored or co-authored several Elsevier books, including Hepatitis C (2000) and Emerging Infections (2000) and the current Antibody Production in Man: In Vitro Synthesis and Clinical Implications. Dr Fauci was recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine on "Ebola — Underscoring the Global Disparities in Health Care Resources."
The following experts are contributing editors to Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 8th Edition (Elsevier, 2014)
- IEbola Discoverer Peter Piot in Spiegel Online International. Dr. Piot, MD, PhD, was part of the team that discovered Ebola in 1976.
- Michael T. Osterholm, Phd, MPH, is interviewed on PBS Frontline
- Lindsey R. Baden, MD, has contributed to two editorials in NEJM: "Out of Africa — Caring for Patients with Ebola" and "Ebola and Quarantine."