9 science stories on musical creativity, food, personality and health for #OAWeek
For Open Access Week, a selection of OA research papers published in Elsevier’s journals
By Rachel Martin and Sacha Boucherie Posted on 20 October 2014
Today marks the start of International Open Access Week, during which events and workshops are held to discuss and encourage open access publishing. To celebrate, we are highlighting a selection of interesting open access research papers published in Elsevier journals on topics such as health, environment, personality and culture. In addition, we will share more great research that has been published open access through our social media channels. We encourage you to follow the channels that interest you and or find the posts via the hashtag #OAWeek.
Basil in, salt out
Appetite – Supports open access
We are constantly warned to reduce our salt intake in our diet, but do our less salty meal options really measure up in terms of taste? Research published in Appetite used the addition of herb and spice blends to enhance consumer acceptability of a low salt tomato soup, as it was found that reducing salt by over 40% led to a significant decline in consumer acceptability. The use of herbs and spices did not lead to an immediate enhancement in liking, however repeated exposure did increase overall liking of the soup. [divider]
The genius behind genre
Personality and Individual Differences – Supports open access
A study published in Personality and Individual Differences has compared the creativity and personality of classical, jazz, and folk musicians. Jazz musicians were more likely to generate creative ideas and were seen to accomplish musical activities and achievements. Classical musicians were found to dedicate themselves to practice and to win more competitions. Folk musicians were found to be the most extroverted of the three musician types.
What is the environmental footprint of your ready-made meal?
Journal of Cleaner Production - Supports open access
Ready-made meals are a convenience for those of us that are time starved, or cooking adverse. But how environmentally sound are they? Research published in the Journal of Cleaner Production compared the environmental impact of ready-made meals with meals prepared at home from scratch. The results suggest that the impacts of the home-made meal over the life cycle are lower than for the equivalent ready-made meal. The worst option in terms of impact on the environment was found to be the frozen ready-made meal.
What does your smile say about you?
Evolution and Human Behavior – Supports open access
"A smile can brighten even the darkest day" - so the saying goes. Does a smile also have the ability to make people cooperate with you in situations which require mutual trust? A study, published in Evolution and Human Behavior, investigated this using video clips of 'trustees' which participants used as basis to make trust decisions and rate the genuineness of displayed smiles. It was found that smiles rated as genuine strongly predicted the judgements about the trustworthiness of 'trustees', and, in turn, the willingness of the other participants to make decisions which positively affected them.
How do diseases spread through a public transport network?
Transportation Research Procedia – Open Access
Whether it concerns an emerging epidemic or just the annual cold and flu season, there is often much discussion about precautions that can be taken to prevent the spread of viruses across the population. This study analyzed how a disease spreads in a crowd in a corridor, highlighting the relationship between the rate of infection and crowd density. The researchers also applied their findings to crowd behavior in the London Underground in practice, offering insights into how mobility patterns can be used to improve disease-spreading models.
The changing face of humans over time
Journal of Human Evolution – Supports open access
A new study published in the Journal of Human Evolution analyzed 3D high-res images of facial soft tissue to determine why human faces across the globe differ in form. High-resolution analyses revealed that the nose, brow area and cheekbones exhibit particularly strong signals of differentiation between Europeans and Han Chinese. The study authors suggest that facial morphology over time is influenced by natural selection predisposed by local habitat and/or sexual selection.
Women – the creative sex?
NeuroImage – Supports open access
According to the 2012 Employment Census, women represented a mere 36% of the total UK creative industries workforce. Are there gender differences in the way creative cognitions occur? This study, published in NeuroImage, investigated the relationship between the structural organisation of the human brain and aspects of creative cognition. Results were obtained using diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and highlighted notable differences between males and females: in female brains more regions were activated to produce novel, creative ideas at the expense of efficiency; males, in contrast, exhibited few, relatively weak positive relationships.
Consumers have fickle eco-friendly concerns
Food Policy – Supports open access
A study published in Food Policy showed that although consumers often have a vocal concern over the sustainability of our planet, when it comes to actually buying eco-friendly food products, their concerns diminishes. Data was collected by means of an online survey implemented in the UK, France, Germany, Spain, Sweden, and Poland, with a total sample size of 4408 respondents. Respondents expressed medium high to high levels of concern with sustainability issues at the general level, but lower levels of concern in the context of concrete food product choices. The future use of sustainability labels will depend on whether this concern can be turned into actual behavior.
Screen media and its effect on the social interaction of preteens
Computers in Human Behavior – Supports open access
Time away from screen media, with increased social interaction could improve the social skills of preteens. Children aged 11 and 12 spent five days in a nature camp without access to screens and were compared to controls. The results of the study, published in Computers in Human Behaviour show that the responses of preteens to nonverbal communication such as facial expressions and eye contact improved, a vital skill for social interaction as it enables them to react and adjust their behavior in response to the action of others.
These articles have also been included in the latest issue of Elsevier's Research Selection for science journalists.
Researchers have a variety of choices to publish open access with Elsevier. To help you publish and promote your research, we have developed a free guide to publishing open access (PDF).[divider]
Free media access to Elsevier's tools and content
Elsevier provides access to all published articles through free media access to ScienceDirect. In addition, credentialed journalists can also get free access to various Elsevier tools and platforms, including Scopus, Mendeley,* SciVal and ClinicalKey.
For more information or to request free media access, contact:email@example.com.
* Mendeley is free to all users, but upgrades with larger storage limits are available to media upon request.
Elsevier's Research Selection for journalists
The ERS is an email developed by the Elsevier Newsroom spotlighting interesting, topical research articles for health and science media. Research included is not embargoed and is published online on ScienceDirect. Learn more on the Elsevier Newsroom website.
Elsevier Connect Contributors
Rachel Martin (@rachelcmartin) is the Universal Access Communications Manager at Elsevier, based in Amsterdam. She is responsible for helping to communicate Elsevier's progress in areas such as open access, philanthropic access programs and access technologies.
Sacha Boucherie works closely with Elsevier's journal publishers, editors and authors at one end and with science journalists and reporters at the other end with the aim of spotlighting and promoting interesting, topical research articles. She is based in Elsevier's Amsterdam headquarters and holds a master's degree in social psychology at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands.