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Woven Textiles - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781845699307, 9780857095589

Woven Textiles

1st Edition

Principles, Technologies and Applications

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Editor: K Gandhi
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699307
eBook ISBN: 9780857095589
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 13th August 2012
Page Count: 488
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Table of Contents

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Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

Part I: Yarns and weaving technology

Chapter 1: Types and properties of fibres and yarns used in weaving


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Types of natural and regenerated fibres

1.3 Types of synthetic fibres

1.4 Key fibre properties and how they are measured

1.5 Comparing fibre properties

1.6 New types of fibre

1.7 Yarns and their properties

1.8 Types of yarn for spinning

1.9 Short staple spinning yarns

1.10 Long staple spinning yarns

1.11 Physical properties of woven fabrics

1.12 Mechanical properties of woven fabrics

1.13 Effects of fibre and yarn properties on the use and application of woven fabrics

1.14 Effects of fibre and yarn properties on woven textiles: apparel and sports textiles

1.15 Future trends

1.16 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 2: Yarn preparation for weaving: winding


2.1 Introduction to yarn preparation

2.2 The winding process

2.3 Types of winding machines

2.4 Terminology commonly used in the winding process

2.5 Cone types and build

2.6 Manual, semi-automatic and fully automatic winding machines

2.7 Hazards from knots during weaving and knitting processes

2.8 Yarn splicing for knot-free yarns

2.9 Applications of splicing techniques

Chapter 3: Yarn preparation for weaving: warping


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Direct warping

3.3 Indirect/sectional warping

3.4 Warping creels

3.5 Tensioning units of creels

3.6 Thread stop motion

3.7 Single-end warping machines

Chapter 4: Yarn preparation for weaving: sizing


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Characteristics of a good sized yarn

4.3 Size mixtures: composition and quality

4.4 Effect of size on adhesion between fibres in the yarn structure

4.5 Size paste preparation: cooking

4.6 Sizing machines

4.7 Yarn stretch during sizing

4.8 Automation controls of sizing machines

Chapter 5: The fundamentals of weaving technology


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Primary loom mechanisms

5.3 Secondary loom mechanisms

5.4 Auxiliary loom mechanisms

5.5 Temples

5.6 Shedding mechanisms

5.7 Different types of shed

5.8 Classifications of plain and automatic shuttle looms

5.9 Drop box looms

5.10 Weft insertion on shuttle looms

5.11 Weft insertion on shuttle-less looms

5.12 Multiphase weaving

Part II: Woven structures

Chapter 6: Woven structures and their characteristics


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Representing woven fabrics

6.3 Weaving

6.4 Colour and weave effects

6.5 Sett

6.6 Weaves

6.7 Introduction of extra threads

6.8 Double and treble cloths

6.9 Repeating patterns

6.10 Centring

6.11 Drafting and lifting

6.12 Denting

6.13 Combining weaves

6.14 Fabric types

6.15 Future trends

6.16 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 7: Computer aided design (CAD) systems for woven textile design


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Computer aided design (CAD) and the global textiles industry

7.3 Key issues in the use of computer aided design (CAD) for woven textile design

7.4 Necessary expertise and skills training for woven computer aided design (CAD) textile designers

7.5 Costs incurred in using computer aided design (CAD)

7.6 Computer aided design (CAD) software applications

7.7 The impact of computer aided design (CAD) on the supply chain

7.8 New products and markets and future trends through the use of computer aided design (CAD)

7.9 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 8: Modelling the structure of woven fabrics


8.1 Introduction: fundamentals of woven structure

8.2 Fundamentals of design engineering

8.3 Designing of textile products

8.4 Design engineering using theoretical modelling

8.5 Modelling methodologies: deterministic models

8.6 Modelling methodologies: non-deterministic models

8.7 Authentication and testing of models

8.8 Reverse engineering

8.9 Future trends in non-conventional methods of design engineering

8.10 Conclusions

Chapter 9: 3D woven structures and methods of manufacture


9.1 Introduction: 3D woven structures, applications and advantages

9.2 Weaves: basic and 3D

9.3 Manufacturing technologies

9.4 3D weaving calculations

9.5 Applications and future trends

9.6 Acknowledgements

Part III: Applications of woven textiles

Chapter 10: Woven textiles for automotive interiors and other transportation applications


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Automotive applications of woven fabrics

10.3 Woven fabrics in car interiors

10.4 Fabric constructions and finishing processes

10.5 Other transport applications

10.6 Future trends

10.7 Acknowledgements

Chapter 11: Woven apparel fabrics


11.1 Introduction

11.2 Performance requirements of apparel fabric

11.3 Types of woven apparel fabrics

11.4 Practical design applications

11.5 Application examples

Chapter 12: Woven fabrics for geotextiles


12.1 Introduction

12.2 Production and classification of geotextiles

12.3 Selection of fibres for woven geotextiles

12.4 Production of woven geotextiles

12.5 Specifications of woven geotextiles and their essential properties

12.6 Applications of woven geotextiles

12.7 Future trends

Chapter 13: Hollow woven fabrics


13.1 Introduction: overview and potential applications

13.2 Principles of hollow woven fabrics

13.3 Properties and performance of structures and materials based on hollow woven fabrics

13.4 Modelling of hollow woven fabrics

13.5 Possible applications of hollow fabrics and future trends

Chapter 14: Woven textiles for medical applications


14.1 Introduction

14.2 Application of woven textiles in managing acute and chronic wounds

14.3 Woven vascular prostheses and meshes

14.4 Application of woven structures in hospitals

14.5 Other medical applications of woven structures

14.6 Conclusions



Traditionally used in apparel and interior fabrics, woven textiles are increasingly being employed in a variety of technical applications. Woven textiles: Principles, developments and applications provides an essential overview of the manufacture, structure and application of these important textiles.

Beginning with an introduction to the fibres and yarns used in weaving, part one goes on to explore key preparatory techniques and the fundamentals of weaving technology. The characteristics of woven structures are then discussed in greater depth in part two, alongside investigation into the use of computer assisted design (CAD) systems, techniques for modelling the structure of woven fabrics, and methods for the manufacture of 3D woven structures. Part three focuses of the application of woven textiles to a wide range of technologies. The use of woven textiles in automotive interiors and other transport applications is discussed, along with woven apparel fabrics, geotextiles, hollow woven fabrics and woven textiles for medical applications.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Woven textiles: Principles, developments and applications is an indispensable guide for all designers, engineers and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles. It also provides a useful overview of woven textile processing and applications for academics and students.

Key Features

  • Provides an essential overview of the manufacture, structure and application of woven textiles
  • Explores key preparatory techniques and the fundamentals of weaving technology and discusses the characteristics of woven structures
  • Covers the use of computer-assisted design (CAD) systems and methods for the manufacture of 3D woven structures, among other topics


Designers, engineers, and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles and garments; academics and students.


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2012
13th August 2012
Woodhead Publishing
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:


An indispensable guide for all designers, engineers and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles., Melliand International

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editor

K Gandhi

Dr Kim Gandhi is a Fellow of The Textile Institute, the Royal Society of Arts and the Textile Association of India. He has an international reputation for his expertise in weaving technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant, UK