Description

Working Guide to Drilling Equipment and Operations offers a practical guide to drilling technologies and procedures. The book begins by introducing basic concepts such as the functions of drilling muds; types of drilling fluids; testing of drilling systems; and completion and workover fluids. This is followed by discussions of the composition of the drill string; air and gas drilling operations; and directional drilling. The book identifies the factors that should be considered for optimized drilling operations: health, safety, and environment; production capability; and drilling implementation. It explains how to control well pressure. It details the process of fishing, i.e. removal of a fish (part of the drill string that separates from the upper remaining portion of the drill string) or junk (small items of non-drillable metals) from the borehole. The remaining chapters cover the different types of casing and casing string design; well cementing; the proper design of tubing; and the environmental aspects of drilling.

Key Features

  • Drilling and Production Hoisting Equipment
  • Hoisting Tool Inspection and Maintenance Procedures
  • Pump Performance Charts
  • Rotary Table and Bushings
  • Rig Maintenance of Drill Collars
  • Drilling Bits and Downhole Tools

Readership

Drilling engineers, Production engineers, Reservoir engineers

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Drilling Muds and Completion Systems 1.1 Functions of Drilling Muds 1.1.1 Drilling Fluid Definitions and General Functions 1.1.2 Cool and Lubricate the Bit and Drill String 1.1.3 Clean the Bit and the Bottom of the Hole 1.1.4 Suspend Solids and Transport Cuttings and Sloughings to the Surface 1.1.5 Stabilize the Wellbore and Control Subsurface Pressures 1.1.6 Assist in the Gathering of Subsurface Geological Data and Formation Evaluation 1.1.7 Other Functions 1.2 Classifications 1.2.1 Freshwater Muds—Dispersed Systems 1.2.2 Inhibited Muds—Dispersed Systems 1.2.3 Low Solids Muds—Nondispersed Systems 1.2.4 Nonaqueous Fluids 1.3 Testing of Drilling Systems 1.3.1 Water-Base Muds Testing 1.3.2 Oil-Base and Synthetic-Base Muds (Nonaqueous Fluids Testing) 1.3.3 Specialized Tests 1.3.4 Specialized Filtration Testing 1.3.5 Shale Characterization Testing 1.3.6 Drilling Fluid Additives 1.3.7 Clay Chemistry 1.3.8 Water-Base Muds 1.3.9 Special Muds 1.3.10 Environmental Aspects of Drilling Fluids 1.4 Completion and Workover Fluids 1.4.1 Solids-Free Fluids 1.4.2 Single-Salt Brines 1.4.3 Two-Salt Brines 1.4.4 Three-Salt Brines 1.4.5 Classification of Heavy Brines 1.5 Safety Aspects of Handling Brines 1.5.1 Potassium Chloride 1.5.2 Sodium Chloride 1.5.3 Calcium Chloride 1.5.4 Calcium Bromide 1.5.5 Zinc Bromide 1.6 Preventing Contamination 1.6.1 Brine Filtration 1.6.2 Cartridge Filters 1.6.3 Tubular Filters Chapter 2 Drill String: Composition and Design 2.1 Drill Collar 2.1.1 Selecting Drill Collar Size 2.1.2 Length of Drill Collars

Details

No. of pages:
352
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2010
Published:
Imprint:
Gulf Professional Publishing
Print ISBN:
9781856178433
Electronic ISBN:
9781856178440