Wool Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

Wool Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

1st Edition - August 1, 2022

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  • Editors: Sabu Thomas, Seiko Jose
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240564
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240571

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Description

Wool Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites is an in-depth and practical exploration of wool-based composites, covering everything from the morphology of wool fiber to the industrial applications of wool composites. Wool has emerged in the top position for this role because of its unique characteristics. While fine wool is too costly for many such applications, coarse wool of greater than 35 microns fiber length is globally under-utilized. This pioneering book describes every form of wool composite, woven, nonwoven, felt and fiber, including different fabrication methods. In unique detail, the international team of expert contributors describe the morphology, structure and properties of wool, methods for the chemical modification of wool, different forms of wool-polymer composites, and many exciting emerging applications.

Key Features

  • Provides technical details on a wide range of applications of wool-fiber polymer composites, including in construction and medicine
  • Draws on an interdisciplinary panel of experts from fields such as textiles, polymer science and chemistry to create a guide for readers of all backgrounds
  • Describes wool characterization techniques in detail

Readership

Students, engineers, and researchers with an interest in sustainable textiles, biopolymer composites, biomaterials, and biofibers

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • The Textile Institute Book Series
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • Chapter 1 Introduction to natural fiber composites
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Natural fiber composites
  • 1.3 Natural fiber composites and the role of natural fibers as reinforcement
  • 1.4 Wool in composites
  • 1.5 Case studies
  • 1.6 Current trends and future directions
  • Funding & Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Wool structure and morphology
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Chemical composition
  • 2.3 Wool fiber morphology
  • 2.4 Two-component and three-component models of wool fiber
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Microscopy and spectroscopy of wool fiber
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Microscopy techniques
  • 3.3 Spectroscopy techniques
  • 3.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Physical and chemical properties of wool fibers
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Classification of wool fibers
  • 4.3 Physical properties of wool fiber
  • 4.4 Chemical properties of wool fiber
  • 4.5 Role of wool fiber properties for reinforcement
  • 4.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Surface modification treatment methods of wool
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Characteristics and properties of wool
  • 5.3 Surface modification of wool—Physical, chemical, and enzymatic methods
  • 5.4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Web Sites
  • Chapter 6 Composite preparation techniques
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Matrix and reinforcements
  • 6.3 Advantages of composites
  • 6.4 Preparation techniques
  • 6.5 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Bio fillers for biocomposites
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Common natural fibers from by-product
  • 7.3 End of life of natural fiber-reinforced biocomposites
  • 7.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Nanotechnological intervention in the wool composites
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Wool fiber and advantages
  • 8.3 Wool classification
  • 8.4 Classification by sheep
  • 8.5 Classification by fleece
  • 8.6 Processing wool
  • 8.7 Advantages of wool
  • 8.8 Nanotechnological approaches on wool
  • 8.9 Wool bio- and nanocomposites
  • 8.10 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Thermoplastic polymer/wool composites
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Thermoplastic polymers
  • 9.3 Conclusion and future trends
  • References
  • Chapter 10 General testing of wool composites
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 General testing of wool composites
  • 10.2.2.5 Compression
  • 10.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Advanced techniques for testing and characterization of wool composites
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Wool composites manufactures
  • 11.3 Characterization approaches
  • 11.4 Morphological analysis
  • 11.5 Mechanical properties
  • 11.6 Thermal analysis
  • 11.7 Flame-retardant properties
  • 11.8 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Development of wool fiber incorporated polymer composites
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Composites containing wool: Reinforcement, matrix, processing, and properties
  • 12.3 Perspectives/future trends in wool-containing polymer composites
  • 12.4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Scope of blending of wool with other synthetic/natural fibers for composites
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Experimental
  • 13.3 Results and discussion
  • 13.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 14 Silk and wool hybrid fiber-reinforced polypropylene composites
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Materials and methods
  • 14.3 Results and discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 15 Mechanical and viscoelastic properties of wool composites
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Mechanical and thermal properties of wool fibers
  • 15.3 Mechanical properties of wool composites
  • 15.4 Mechanical properties of wool sandwich composites
  • 15.5 Viscoelastic properties of wool composites
  • 15.6 Characterization of wool composites
  • 15.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 16 Moisture interactions of wool and wool-based composites
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Water sorption by wool
  • 16.3 Effects of moisture on wool fiber properties
  • 16.4 Wool composites and moisture
  • 16.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 17 Abrasive water jet cutting and its optimization model for machining the sheep wool/polyester composites
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Materials and methods
  • 17.3 Results and discussions
  • 17.4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 18 Wool fiber-reinforced thermoplastic polymers for injection molding and 3D-printing
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Wool and other keratinous composite materials
  • 18.3 Mechanical properties of keratinous composite materials
  • 18.4 Wool fiber-reinforced thermoplastic composites
  • 18.5 Processing & application of wool fiber-reinforced thermoplastics
  • 18.6 Specific features when processing wool fiber-reinforced PLA in the FDM process
  • 18.7 Specific features when processing wool fiber-reinforced PLA in the injection molding process
  • 18.8 Applications of wool fiber-reinforced composites
  • 18.9 Conclusion and outlook
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 19 Wool composites for hygienic/medical applications
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Wool keratin: A significant biomolecule for the manufacture of medicinal textiles, biopolymers, and medicines
  • 19.3 Importance of cuticle and cortex of wool fiber
  • 19.4 Keratin extraction from wool fiber
  • 19.5 Commercially available wool-based Medtex products
  • 19.6 Scaffold from wool
  • 19.7 Keratin in biomedical applications
  • 19.8 Application of wool in medical textiles
  • 19.9 Revenue generation of wool/polymeric products inside technical textile market
  • 19.10 Company across the globe in medical textile business
  • 19.11 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 20 Applications of wool composites for construction
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Types of reinforcement mechanism of wool–polymer reinforcement composite
  • 20.3 Materials used in wool–polymer reinforcement composites: Fibers
  • 20.4 Innovative/recent materials used in wool–polymer reinforcement composites: Reversible covalent bonds used in wool composites
  • 20.5 Significance of innovative of wool composite polymer blends
  • 20.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 21 Conductive polymer-coated wool composites for novel applications
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Conductive polymers
  • 21.3 The reason of electrical conductivity in conducting polymers
  • 21.4 Methods of preparations of conductive polymer-coated wool fibers
  • 21.5 Polypyrrole-coated wool fibers
  • 21.6 Polyaniline-coated wool fiber
  • 21.7 Coloration of wool by coating with conductive polymers
  • 21.8 Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis of PPy-coated wool
  • 21.9 Interaction of wool fiber and conductive polymers at the interface
  • 21.10 Thermal stability and durability property of the wool/conductive polymer-coated wool
  • 21.11 Heat transfer behavior and thermal conductivity of conductive polymer-coated wool
  • 21.12 Conductive polymer-based wool composites for electromagnetic shielding
  • 21.13 Conductive polymer-based wool composites for pH sensor
  • 21.14 Conductive polymer-based wool composites as bending strain sensor
  • 21.15 Conductive polymer-based wool composites as humidity sensor
  • 21.16 Antimicrobial effect of conductive polymer-coated wool composites
  • 21.17 Conclusions and future perspective
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 466
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2022
  • Published: August 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240564
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240571

About the Editors

Sabu Thomas

Prof. Sabu Thomas is currently the Vice Chancellor and Full Professor of Polymer Science and Engineering at Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala, India. His ground-breaking research has covered the areas of polymer science and engineering, polymer nanocomposites, elastomers, polymer blends, interpenetrating polymer networks, polymer membranes, green composites and nanocomposites, nanomedicine and green nanotechnology. Prof. Thomas has received several national and international awards in recognition of his work, and recently received Honoris Causa (DSc) from the University of South Brittany, Lorient, France, in recognition for his contributions to polymer science and engineering. Prof. Thomas has published over 750 peer-reviewed research papers, reviews and book chapters, has co-edited multiple books, and has 5 patents to his name.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice Chancellor and Full Professor, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Seiko Jose

Seiko Jose PhD is a scientist, working at ICAR-Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan, India. He has over 15 years’ experience in textiles including time spent in industry and academia. His industrial experience is focused on wet processing of cotton, silk, and linen processing units. For the last 8 eight years of his research career, he has worked with a range of natural fibres such as, wool, jute, pineapple leaf fibre, coir, flax, and ramie. He has contributed to 30 research papers and 9 book chapters. His major research areas are extraction and characterization of natural fibre, textile dyeing and finishing, eco-friendly textile processing, natural fibre composites, and natural dyes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Scientist, Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan, India

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