Wood Coatings addresses the factors responsible for the performance of wood coatings in both domestic and industrial situations. The term 'wood coatings' covers a broad range of products including stains, varnishes, paints and supporting ancillary products that may be used indoors or outdoors. Techniques for coating wood go back many centuries but in recent decades there has been a move towards more environmentally-friendly materials, for example, the use of water-borne rather than solvent-borne chemicals. A major objective of Wood Coatings is to explain the underlying factors that influence selection, application and general operational issues. Basic information on the chemistry and technology of coatings is included for the benefit of students and laboratory technicians. Additionally, the book includes individual chapters of interest to architects, specifiers, and industrial users.

Key Features

* Offers up-to-date guidance on current availability and usage of wood coatings * Provides the reader with a basic understanding of both coating and substrate interactions * Covers both architectural (trade and DIY) and industrial sectors


Students and laboratory technicians to obtain a basic understanding of the chemistry behind wood coatings. Industrial professionals wishing to update their knowledge.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Markets for wood and wood coatings 1. Prologue 2. Markets for wood and wood coatings 2.1. Consumption of timber 2.2. End use sectors – coated wood 2.3. Joinery and windows 2.4. Furniture 2.5. Industrial wood coatings 2.6. Parquet and wood flooring 2.7. Major players in industrial wood coatings 2.8. The decorative 'woodcare' market 2.9. Technology breakdown 2.10. Environmental legislation 2.10.1. Timetable for implementation of the solvents directive Chapter 2 Wood and wood-based substrates 1. Introduction 2. Wood and timber 3. Chemical composition 3.1. Macromolecular substances 3.1.1. Cellulose 3.1.2. Hemicellulose 3.1.3. Lignin 3.2. Low molecular weight substances (Extractives) 3.2.1. Aromatic phenol derivates 3.2.2. Aliphatic derivates (Fats and Waxes) 3.2.3. Terpenes and terpenoids 3.3. Acidity in wood 3.4. Minerals in wood 4. Morphology 4.1. Cellular structures 4.1.1. Softwoods (needlewood or coniferous wood) 4.1.2. Hardwoods (Broadleaf) 4.2. Heartwood and sapwood 4.3. Wood anisotropy 4.4. The cutting of wood 4.5. Wood and water (moisture content) 4.6. Seasoning of wood 4.7. Dimensional movement of wood 4.8. The density of wood 5. Biodegradation of wood 5.1. Wood as a nutrient 5.1.1. Decay and fungal attack 5.1.2. Insect attack 6. Modified wood 6.1. Thermal treatments 6.2. Chemical treatments 6.3. Surface treatments


No. of pages:
© 2009
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the authors

Franco Bulian

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice Director, CATAS, Italy

Jon Graystone

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Research Scientist, Paint Resarch Association (PRA), UK