Women in the Two Germanies

Women in the Two Germanies

A Comparative Study of A Socialist and a Non-Socialist Society

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Author: Harry G. Shaffer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153360

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Women in the Two Germanies: A Comparative Study of a Socialist and a Non-Socialist Society is a comparative study of the status and position of women in socialist East Germany and non-socialist West Germany. Drawing on research carried out in 1977 and 1978, as well as interviews with hundreds, if not thousands, of individuals from all walks of life and from all parts of the two Germanies, this book considers a wide variety of legal, economic, political, and social aspects of life in the two countries, such as equality or the lack thereof under the law, in education, on the job, and in the home. This monograph is comprised of seven chapters and opens with a brief comparison of East and West Germany and a historical perspective on European men and women, as well as the status of German women before 1945 and after World War II. The discussion then turns to the status and rights of German women under the law, particularly the Constitution, labor law, family law, and social security legislation. The following chapters focus on the employment of women in the two German states; education and training; and in the home and family. Women's organizations, including religious women's organizations, professional women's organizations, and radical women's groups, are also considered. This text is written primarily for women and should also be of interest to historians, sociologists, social scientists, and policymakers concerned with women's rights.

Table of Contents

  • List of Tables and Figures


    Chapter 1 Introduction

    The Two German States at the Outset: A Brief Comparison

    European Men and Women in Historical Perspective: A Few Introductory Comments

    The Status of German Women in the Pre-1945 Era: A Brief Summary

    The Comparative Status of Women in the Two Post-War Germany's: Some Introductory Observations

    Chapter 2 German Women under the Law

    Equal Rights under the Constitution

    Labor Law

    Guaranteed Employment

    Equal Remuneration

    Paid Maternity Leave

    Time off to Take Care of a Sick Child

    A Day off for Household Chores

    Childcare Facilities

    Women's Furtherance

    Part-Time Employment

    Protective Legislation

    Family Law and Social Security Legislation


    Minimum Age for Marriage

    Choice of Family Name

    State Child Support

    Old Age and Survivors Benefits

    Laws on the Interruption of Pregnancies

    Chapter 3 German Women at Work

    Participation in the Labor Force

    Ideological Differences

    Differences in Attitudes

    Unemployment vs. Labor Shortage

    Why German Women Work: Economic and Noneconomic Reasons

    Part-Time Employment

    What Jobs for German Women

    The Reality of "Equal Job Opportunities"

    Women in Leading Positions in the Economy

    German Women in Public Life

    Women in Elected Government Offices

    Women in Political Parties

    Why Fewer German Women than Men in Politics

    Women in Labor Unions

    Equal Pay for Equal Work

    And What to Do with the Children

    Child Care Facilities: Availability and Cost

    Quality of Child Care Facilities

    Chapter 4 The Education and Training of German Women

    Education Starts in the Family

    Children's Books

    Preschool and Grade School Education

    Secondary Education

    Vocational Training and Education

    Higher Education

    Faculty Attitudes toward Female Students

    Who Decides Who Goes to College and Who Doesn't

    Who Pays for a College Education

    And What Do Female German College Students Study

    Chapter 5 German Women in the home and family

    To Be or Not to Be a "Mere" Housewife? - and Who Should Do the Household Chores Anyway

    More Marriages End in Divorce

    Chapter 6 Women's Organizations

    Regular FRG Women's Organizations

    West German Religious Women's Organizations

    Associations of West German Professional Women

    Women's Groups in West German Political Parties

    West German Feminists

    The GDR's "Democratic Women's League of Germany"

    Chapter 7 Summary and Conclusions




    List of Periodicals


    About the Author

Product details

  • No. of pages: 252
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153360

About the Author

Harry G. Shaffer

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