Women in the Two Germanies - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080238623, 9781483153360

Women in the Two Germanies

1st Edition

A Comparative Study of A Socialist and a Non-Socialist Society

Authors: Harry G. Shaffer
eBook ISBN: 9781483153360
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 252
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Women in the Two Germanies: A Comparative Study of a Socialist and a Non-Socialist Society is a comparative study of the status and position of women in socialist East Germany and non-socialist West Germany. Drawing on research carried out in 1977 and 1978, as well as interviews with hundreds, if not thousands, of individuals from all walks of life and from all parts of the two Germanies, this book considers a wide variety of legal, economic, political, and social aspects of life in the two countries, such as equality or the lack thereof under the law, in education, on the job, and in the home. This monograph is comprised of seven chapters and opens with a brief comparison of East and West Germany and a historical perspective on European men and women, as well as the status of German women before 1945 and after World War II. The discussion then turns to the status and rights of German women under the law, particularly the Constitution, labor law, family law, and social security legislation. The following chapters focus on the employment of women in the two German states; education and training; and in the home and family. Women's organizations, including religious women's organizations, professional women's organizations, and radical women's groups, are also considered. This text is written primarily for women and should also be of interest to historians, sociologists, social scientists, and policymakers concerned with women's rights.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures


Chapter 1 Introduction

The Two German States at the Outset: A Brief Comparison

European Men and Women in Historical Perspective: A Few Introductory Comments

The Status of German Women in the Pre-1945 Era: A Brief Summary

The Comparative Status of Women in the Two Post-War Germany's: Some Introductory Observations

Chapter 2 German Women under the Law

Equal Rights under the Constitution

Labor Law

Guaranteed Employment

Equal Remuneration

Paid Maternity Leave

Time off to Take Care of a Sick Child

A Day off for Household Chores

Childcare Facilities

Women's Furtherance

Part-Time Employment

Protective Legislation

Family Law and Social Security Legislation


Minimum Age for Marriage

Choice of Family Name

State Child Support

Old Age and Survivors Benefits

Laws on the Interruption of Pregnancies

Chapter 3 German Women at Work

Participation in the Labor Force

Ideological Differences

Differences in Attitudes

Unemployment vs. Labor Shortage

Why German Women Work: Economic and Noneconomic Reasons

Part-Time Employment

What Jobs for German Women

The Reality of "Equal Job Opportunities"

Women in Leading Positions in the Economy

German Women in Public Life

Women in Elected Government Offices

Women in Political Parties

Why Fewer German Women than Men in Politics

Women in Labor Unions

Equal Pay for Equal Work

And What to Do with the Children

Child Care Facilities: Availability and Cost

Quality of Child Care Facilities

Chapter 4 The Education and Training of German Women

Education Starts in the Family

Children's Books

Preschool and Grade School Education

Secondary Education

Vocational Training and Education

Higher Education

Faculty Attitudes toward Female Students

Who Decides Who Goes to College and Who Doesn't

Who Pays for a College Education

And What Do Female German College Students Study

Chapter 5 German Women in the home and family

To Be or Not to Be a "Mere" Housewife? - and Who Should Do the Household Chores Anyway

More Marriages End in Divorce

Chapter 6 Women's Organizations

Regular FRG Women's Organizations

West German Religious Women's Organizations

Associations of West German Professional Women

Women's Groups in West German Political Parties

West German Feminists

The GDR's "Democratic Women's League of Germany"

Chapter 7 Summary and Conclusions




List of Periodicals


About the Author


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© Pergamon 1981
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Harry G. Shaffer

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