An Historical Gynæcological and Anthropological Compendium

1st Edition - January 1, 1935

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  • Authors: Hermann Heinrich Ploss, Max Bartels, Paul Bartels
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483194189

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Woman: An Historical Gynælogical and Anthropological Compendium, Volume Three provides information pertinent to the obstruction in the normal process of labor. This book discusses the various ways and treatment, the obligations and duties of women among the different nations and races. Organized into 21 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the physical condition of women in child birth. This text then discusses the mechanical aids designed to hasten delivery and explains the external manipulations to bring about a normal presentation of the child. Other chapters provide a discussion of woman's milk as a medicine, especially for consumption. This book discusses as well the mutual relationship between grandmothers and their grandchildren. The final chapter deals with displayed special manners, customs, and superstitions at the death of a person who has remained unmarried, or of a woman who has died during pregnancy, in labor, or in childbed. This book is a valuable resource for anthropologists.

Table of Contents

  • Volume Three

    Chapter I Difficult and Abnormal Births

    Primitive Concepts of Causes

    Historical Data

    The Chinese and Japanese Treatment of Difficult Labour

    Difficult Labour due to Physical Defects in the Mother

    The Rôle of the Embryo

    Difficult Birth through Abnormal Channels

    Difficult Labour due to the Placenta

    Chapter II Difficult Labour in Popular Belief

    Supernatural Help in Difficult Labour

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among Ancient Civilised Peoples and their Successors

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the Ancient Teutons and Scandinavians

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the Latin Peoples

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the Peoples of Russia and the Slavs

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the Magyars, Gipsies and Modern Greeks

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the Japanese and Chinese

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the Pre-Columbian Inhabitants of Mexico

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the American Indians

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the African Tribes

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the Asiatic Peoples

    Supernatural Help in Labour Among the Peoples of Oceania

    Confession as an Expedient in Difficult Labour

    Calling and Enticing the Child as Expedients in Difficult Labour

    Chapter III Natural Means of Correcting Pathological Labour

    Various Methods

    Medicaments and Drugs

    Internal Applications

    External Application

    Mechanical Means

    Mechanical Means in Japan

    Pressure as a Help in Difficult Labour

    Severe Pressure on the Abdomen as a Help in Difficult Labour

    Lacing and Squeezing the Abdomen as a Help in Difficult Labour

    Suspension and Shaking of the Mother's Body as a Help in Difficult Labour

    Chapter IV Birth in Cases of Abnormal Labour

    Views of the Causes

    Methods of External Manipulation in Cases of Abnormal Presentation

    Inverting the Mother as a Help in Cases of Abnormal Presentation

    Internal Manipulations as a Help in Cases of Abnormal Presentation

    The Destruction and Dismemberment of the Child

    Chapter V Cesare an Section

    The Nature of the Operation

    Delivery of the Living Child by Section from the Living Mother

    Cæsarean Section Among Primitive Peoples

    Chapter VI The Physiology and the Pathology of the Puerperium

    The Physiological Significance of the Puerperium

    The Dangers of the Puerperium

    Hæmorrhage During the Puerperium

    Primitive Methods of Prevention of Post-Partum Hæmorrhage

    Prolapse of the Uterus in the Puerperium

    After-Pains in the Puerperium

    Puerperal Fever

    Puerperal Insanity

    Chapter VII The Therapy of the Puerperium

    Restoration of the Genitals to their Normal Position

    Fumigations During the Puerperium

    Bathing and Washing

    Washings and Sweat Baths in the Puerperium

    Binding the Abdomen in the Puerperium

    Chapter VIII The Management of the Mother in the Puerperal State

    Standing and Sitting During the Puerperium

    The Recumbent Position During the Puerperium

    Food and Drink During the Puerperium

    Lack of Proper Puerperal Hygiene

    The Duration of the Puerperium

    Chapter IX The Ceremonial, Symbolism and Mysticism of the Puerperium

    The Special Room

    Visits to the Woman in Childbed

    The Unclean Period

    The Unclean Period Among Civilised Nations

    Differences in Uncleanness according to Sex of Child

    Customs of the Puerperium

    Superstition During the Puerperium

    Ceremonial Among Primitive Peoples During the Puerperium

    Ceremonial of the Puerperium Among Civilised Peoples

    Chapter X Lactation

    Physiology of Lactation

    The Secretion of Milk in its Relation to Fertilisation and Menstruation

    Lactation by the Mother

    Duration of Lactation

    Positions while Suckling

    Lactation by Proxy and by Wet Nurses

    Lactation by Animals

    Lactation by the Grandmother

    Lactation by the Father

    Chapter XI The Female Breast in Custom and Tradition

    Cultural Significance

    Dietetics of the Lactation Period

    Rules and Customs During Lactation

    Dangers to Nursing Women

    Dangers to Sucklings

    Deficiency of Milk

    The Weaning of the Child

    Chapter XII Unusual Use of Woman's Milk

    Woman's Milk as a Medicine and a Magical Agency

    The Feeding of Adults with Woman's Milk

    The Suckling of Young Animals by Women

    Chapter XIII Woman in Relation to the Next Generation

    Woman as Mother

    Woman as Step-mother and Foster-Parent

    Chapter XIV The Mature Woman in a State of Celibacy

    The Old Maid

    The Anthropological Aspect of the Old Maid

    The Ethnography of the Old Maid

    Chapter XV Woman as Saint

    The Village Maiden

    The Virgin Dedicated to God

    The Sorceress, Prophetess and Fortune-Teller

    The Witch

    Modern Witchcraft

    Women Saints

    Chapter XVI The Widow


    Suttee and the Killing of Widows

    Prohibition, Compulsion and Permission for Widows to Remarry

    The Rights of Widows

    Unmarried Widows

    Chapter XVII The Menopause or Climacteric

    The Cessation of Menstruation

    Highest Age of Impregnation

    The Middle-Aged Woman in Her Anthropological Aspect

    Earlier Views on the Anthropological Aspect of the Ageing Woman

    The Time of the Menopause Among Extra-European Women

    Chapter XVIII Woman as Grandmother

    The Grandmother

    The Mother-in-Law


    Chapter XIX Woman in Old Age

    Anthropological Aspects

    Anthropological Significance of Senile Changes in Woman

    Chapter XX Woman in Death

    Natural Death

    Unnatural Death

    Suicide Among Women

    Funeral Rites for Women

    Confinement of Dead Women

    Sexual Intercourse with the Dead

    The Death of the Mother means the Death of the Child

    Chapter XXI Woman After Death (Superstition)

    The Dead Virgin

    The Dead Bride

    The Dead Menstruating Woman

    The Dead Pregnant Woman

    The Dead Woman in Labour

    The Dead Woman in Childbed

    The Burial-Place of the Woman Dying in Childbed

    The Woman Dying in Childbed Returns as a Ghost

    The Nursing Mother in Death

    Impregnation of the Dead

    Nuptials of the Dead

    The Dead Woman who Returns

    List of Authorities Quoted

Product details

  • No. of pages: 552
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1935
  • Published: January 1, 1935
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483194189

About the Authors

Hermann Heinrich Ploss

Max Bartels

Paul Bartels

About the Editor

Eric John Dingwall

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