Wind Turbine Icing Physics and Anti-/De-Icing Technology

Wind Turbine Icing Physics and Anti-/De-Icing Technology

1st Edition - September 1, 2022

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  • Authors: Hui Hu, Linyue Gao, Yang Liu
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128245323

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Wind Turbine Icing Physics and Anti-/De-Icing Technology gives a comprehensive update of research on the underlying physics pertinent to wind turbine icing and the development of various effective and robust anti-/de-icing technology for wind turbine icing mitigation. The book introduces the most recent research results derived from both laboratory studies and field experiments. Specifically, the research results based on field measurement campaigns to quantify the characteristics of the ice structures accreted over the blades surfaces of utility-scale wind turbines by using a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system and an Unmanned-Aerial-Vehicle (UAV) equipped with a high-resolution digital camera are also introduced. In addition, comprehensive lab experimental studies are explored, along with a suite of advanced flow diagnostic techniques, a detailed overview of the improvements, and the advantages and disadvantages of state-of-the-art ice mitigation strategies. This new addition to the Wind Energy Engineering series will be useful to all researchers and industry professionals who address icing issues through testing, research and industrial innovation.

Key Features

  • Covers detailed improvements and the advantages/disadvantages of state-of-the-art ice mitigation strategies
  • Includes condition monitoring contents for lab-scale experiments and field tests
  • Presents the potential of various bio-inspired icephobic coatings of wind turbine blades


Researchers and engineers in wind energy. Engineers, practitioners in industry and researchers working on the advancement and application wind energy

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

      1. Wind turbine in cold climates
        1. Atmospheric icing
        2. Classification of icing event (include cloudy parameters)

      2. Effects of wind turbine icing
        1. Energy loss
        2. Structural damage
        3. Safety issues (ice shedding)
        4. Others

      3. Onshore wind turbine icing vs. Offshore wind turbine icing


    1. Icing Physics
      1. Impact icing process
      2. Droplet impact
        1. Droplet Trajectory
        2. Collection Efficiency
        3. Case study (including measurement data)

      3. Solidification
        1. Nucleation thermodynamics
        2. Heat transfer
        3. Case study

      4. Water transport
      5. Type of structural ice
        1. Rime ice
        2. Glaze ice
        3. Frost ice
        4. SLD ice (Supercooled large droplet)
        5. Case study

      6. Icing tunnel and icing chamber experiment
        1. Similarity
        2. Conditional monitoring
        3. Representative cases


    2. Icing Quantification
      1. Ice mass
      2. Ice thickness
      3. Ice shape
      4. Case study


    3. Field test [Wind Farm Icing]
      1. Ice detection and forecasting
        1. Condition monitoring in the field
        2. Direct identification (installation of dedicated sensors that can detect physical properties change due to ice accumulation)
        3. Indirect identification (based on atmospheric data and SCADA to identify icing events with machine learning tools)

      2. Icing risk evaluation
        1. Icing effects on power production
        2. Ice-induced load and unbalance
        3. Ice throw and ice fall
        4. Sea ice risk in offshore site
        5. Risk management

      3. Case study


    4. Ice Mitigation techniques
      1. Anti-icing mode and de-icing mode
        1. Icing phases and anti-/de-icing modes
        2. Assessment of ice mitigation technique

      2. Thermal methods
        1. Hot air injection
        2. Electro-thermal method
        3. Other-thermal method
        4. Case study

      3. Coatings
        1. Superhydrophobic coatings
        2. Icephobic coatings
        3. Soft materials
        4. Case study

      4. Control-based methods
        1. Operation stops
        2. Active pitch control

      5. Mechanical method
      6. Hybrid strategy
        1. Novel concept
        2. Case study


    5. Conclusions and Perspective
      1. Summary of state-of-the-art icing research
      2. Recommendations for turbine design and operation
      3. Perspective for future investigation


    6. Nomenclature
    7. Bibliography –
    8. Video List
    9. Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 210
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: September 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128245323

About the Authors

Hui Hu

Dr. Hui Hu is the Martin C. Jischke Professor and Associate Dept. Chair of Aerospace Engineering at Iowa State University. He received his BS and MS degrees in Aerospace Engineering from Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (BUAA) in China, and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Tokyo in Japan. His recent research interests include advanced flow diagnostics; wind turbine aerodynamics and rotorcraft aeromechanics; aircraft icing physics and anti-icing/de-icing technology; micro-flows and micro-scale heat transfer in microfluidics; film cooling and thermal management of gas turbines. Dr. Hu is an ASME Fellow and AIAA Associate Fellow, and is serving as an editor of Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science-Elsevier and an associate editor of ASME Journal of Fluid Engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Associate Department Chair, Aerospace Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA

Linyue Gao

Dr. Linyue Gao is current a postdoctoral research fellow at Department of Mechanical Engineering at University of Minnesota. Dr. Gao obtained her BS and MS degrees from North China Electric Power University (NCEPU), Beijing, China and her PhD degree from Iowa State University. Her research interests is on wind energy, wind turbine icing physics and anti-/de-icing technology; wind turbine/farm aerodynamics and wake interference; Wind resource assessment & wind power forecasting

Affiliations and Expertise

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA

Yang Liu

Dr. Yang Liu is current an assistant professor at Department of Engineering at East Carolina University. Dr. Liu obtained his BS and MS degrees from Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics(BUAA), Beijing, China and his PhD degree from Iowa State University. His research interests is on aircraft icing physics and anti-/de-icing technology; wind tunnel testing and experimental aerodynamics

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Engineering, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA

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