Wind Turbine Icing Physics and Anti-/De-Icing Technology

Wind Turbine Icing Physics and Anti-/De-Icing Technology

1st Edition - August 30, 2022

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  • Authors: Hui Hu, Linyue Gao, Yang Liu
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128245323
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903257

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Wind Turbine Icing Physics and Anti-/De-Icing Technology gives a comprehensive update of research on the underlying physics pertinent to wind turbine icing and the development of various effective and robust anti-/de-icing technology for wind turbine icing mitigation. The book introduces the most recent research results derived from both laboratory studies and field experiments. Specifically, the research results based on field measurement campaigns to quantify the characteristics of the ice structures accreted over the blades surfaces of utility-scale wind turbines by using a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system and an Unmanned-Aerial-Vehicle (UAV) equipped with a high-resolution digital camera are also introduced. In addition, comprehensive lab experimental studies are explored, along with a suite of advanced flow diagnostic techniques, a detailed overview of the improvements, and the advantages and disadvantages of state-of-the-art ice mitigation strategies. This new addition to the Wind Energy Engineering series will be useful to all researchers and industry professionals who address icing issues through testing, research and industrial innovation.

Key Features

  • Covers detailed improvements and the advantages/disadvantages of state-of-the-art ice mitigation strategies
  • Includes condition monitoring contents for lab-scale experiments and field tests
  • Presents the potential of various bio-inspired icephobic coatings of wind turbine blades


Researchers and engineers in wind energy. Engineers, practitioners in industry and researchers working on the advancement and application wind energy

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Acknowledgments
  • Preface
  • Organization
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Abstract
  • 1.1: Cold climate
  • 1.2: Wind turbine operating in low-temperature climate
  • 1.3: Recommendations and standards
  • 1.4: Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Icing physics
  • Abstract
  • 2.1: Impact icing process
  • 2.2: Droplet impact
  • 2.3: Solidification
  • 2.4: Water transport
  • 2.5: Different types of icing process
  • 2.6: Icing tunnel and icing chamber experiment
  • 2.7: Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Icing quantification
  • Abstract
  • 3.1: Ice geometry type
  • 3.2: Ice shape documentation
  • 3.3: Ice thickness
  • 3.4: Two-dimensional ice profile
  • 3.5: Three-dimensional ice shape
  • 3.6: Prediction of ice-induced utility-scale wind turbine power degradation
  • 3.7: Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Field measurements of wind turbine icing
  • Abstract
  • 4.1: Ice detection
  • 4.2: Icing risk evaluation
  • 4.3: Icing forecast
  • 4.4: Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Conventional wind turbine icing mitigation technologies
  • Abstract
  • 5.1: Antiicing mode and deicing mode
  • 5.2: Control-based methods
  • 5.3: Mechanical methods
  • 5.4: Thermal methods
  • 5.5: Deicing fluids
  • 5.6: Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Hydro-/ice-phobic coatings and materials for wind turbine icing mitigation
  • Abstract
  • 6.1: Need for hydro-/ice-phobic coatings and surfaces
  • 6.2: Comparison between dynamic impact icing and static icing
  • 6.3: The state-of-the-art hydro-/ice-phobic coatings and surfaces
  • 6.4: Surface wettability of different hydro-/ice-phobic coatings
  • 6.5: Impinging dynamics of water droplets on different hydro-/ice-phobic coatings
  • 6.6: Comparison of ice adhesion strengths of different hydro-/ice-phobic coatings
  • 6.7: Icing wind tunnel testing to evaluate the anti-/de-icing performances of different coatings
  • 6.8: Durability of the hydro-/ice-phobic coatings under high-speed droplet impacting conditions
  • 6.9: Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Plasma-based technologies for wind turbine icing mitigation
  • Abstract
  • 7.1: Dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuation
  • 7.2: Mechanisms of surface heating in DBD plasma actuation
  • 7.3: Comparison of the heating mechanisms between the plasma-based approach and the conventional resistive electric heating methods
  • 7.4: Evaluation of anti-/de-icing performance of the DBD plasma-based approach against conventional resistive electric heating methods for wind turbine icing mitigation
  • 7.5: Optimization of the DBD plasma-based approach with a duty-cycle modulation technique for improved anti-/de-icing performance
  • 7.6: Hybrid strategies
  • 7.7: Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Conclusions and perspective
  • Abstract
  • 8.1: Summary of the icing research project
  • 8.2: Perspectives for future investigation
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 222
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: August 30, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128245323
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903257

About the Authors

Hui Hu

Dr. Hui Hu is the Martin C. Jischke Professor and Associate Dept. Chair of Aerospace Engineering at Iowa State University. He received his BS and MS degrees in Aerospace Engineering from Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (BUAA) in China, and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Tokyo in Japan. His recent research interests include advanced flow diagnostics; wind turbine aerodynamics and rotorcraft aeromechanics; aircraft icing physics and anti-icing/de-icing technology; micro-flows and micro-scale heat transfer in microfluidics; film cooling and thermal management of gas turbines. Dr. Hu is an ASME Fellow and AIAA Associate Fellow, and is serving as an editor of Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science-Elsevier and an associate editor of ASME Journal of Fluid Engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Associate Department Chair, Aerospace Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA

Linyue Gao

Dr. Linyue Gao is current a postdoctoral research fellow at Department of Mechanical Engineering at University of Minnesota. Dr. Gao obtained her BS and MS degrees from North China Electric Power University (NCEPU), Beijing, China and her PhD degree from Iowa State University. Her research interests is on wind energy, wind turbine icing physics and anti-/de-icing technology; wind turbine/farm aerodynamics and wake interference; Wind resource assessment & wind power forecasting

Affiliations and Expertise

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA

Yang Liu

Dr. Liu is currently working as an Assistant Professor at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, The City College of New York, New York, USA. Dr. Liu obtained his BS and MS degrees from Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics(BUAA), Beijing, China and his PhD degree from Iowa State University. His research interests is on aircraft icing physics and anti-/de-icing technology; wind tunnel testing and experimental aerodynamics

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The City College of New York, New York, USA

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