Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124104341, 9780124096011

Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

1st Edition

Editor-in-Chiefs: John Shroder
Editors: Douglas Paton
eBook ISBN: 9780124096011
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124104341
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 13th October 2014
Page Count: 284
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Description

More than 90% of wildfires are caused by human activity, but other causes include lighting, drought, wind and changing weather conditions, underground coal fires, and even volcanic activity. Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, one of nine volumes in the Elsevier Hazards and Disasters series, provides a close and detailed examination of wildfires and measures for more thorough and accurate monitoring, prediction, preparedness, and prevention. It takes a geo-scientific and environmental approach to the topic while also discussing the impacts of human-induced causes such as deforestation, debris burning and arson—underscoring the multi-disciplinary nature of the topic. It presents several international case studies that discuss the historical, social, cultural and ecological aspects of wildfire risk management in countries with a long history of dealing with this hazard (e.g., USA, Australia) and in countries (e.g., Taiwan) where wildfire hazards represent a new and growing threat to the social and ecological landscape.

Key Features

  • Puts the contributions of environmental scientists, social scientists, climatologists, and geoscientists at your fingertips
  • Arms you with the latest research on causality, social and societal impacts, economic impacts, and the multi-dimensional nature of wildfire mitigation, preparedness, and recovery
  • Features a broad range of tables, figures, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs to aid in the retention of key concepts
  • Discusses steps for prevention and mitigation of wildfires, one of the most expensive and complex geo-hazards in the world.

Readership

Environmental scientists, ecologists, climatologists, atmospheric scientists, and geoscientists with a focus on hazards and disasters.

Table of Contents

  • Editorial Foreword
  • Chapter 1. Wildfires: International Perspectives on Their Social—Ecological Implications
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. Changes in the Wildfire Hazard Scape
    • 1.3. The Americas
    • 1.4. Europe
    • 1.5. Australasia
    • 1.6. India
    • 1.7. Russia
    • 1.8. Wildfire Danger Rating and Warnings
    • 1.9. Restoration
    • 1.10. Developing a Social–Ecological Perspective
  • Chapter 2. Social Science Findings in the United States
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Review of Relevant Research Findings
    • 2.3. Prefire Social Dynamics
    • 2.4. During and Postfire Social Dynamics
    • 2.5. Geographic and Sociodemographic Differences
    • 2.6. Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 3. Wildfire: A Canadian Perspective
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Wildfire Causes and Impacts
    • 3.3. Wildfire Management
    • 3.4. Ecological Restoration and Community Recovery
    • 3.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 4. Current Wildfire Risk Status and Forecast in Chile: Progress and Future Challenges
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Initial References to Fire
    • 4.3. Wildfire Risk Index Designed for Chile
    • 4.4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 5. Forest Fires in Europe: Facts and Challenges
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Fire History: The Evolution of Fire Use in Europe through Prehistory and History
    • 5.3. Forest Fire Current Situation
    • 5.4. From Forest Fire Suppression toward Forest Fire Risk Management
    • 5.5. The Role of European Union Policies in Forest Fire Management
    • 5.6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 6. Wildfires: An Australian Perspective
    • 6.1. Introduction: Extent and Impact of Australian Wildfires
    • 6.2. Australia's Wildfire Management
    • 6.3. Framework: Legislation and Key Institutions
    • 6.4. Building Capacity and Capability: Inquiries, Research, Education, and Training
    • 6.5. Conclusion: Ways Forward
  • Chapter 7. Fostering Community Participation to Wildfire: Experiences from Indonesia
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Wildfire and Wildfire Management
    • 7.3. Community Participation and Wildfire in South Sumatra and East Kalimantan
    • 7.4. Community Participation in Wildfire Management
  • Chapter 8. Discourse on Taiwanese Forest Fires
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. Wildfires in India: Tools and Hazards
    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. Fire History and Regimes in India
    • 9.3. Fire and Ecology
    • 9.4. Fire as Tool
    • 9.5. Fire as a Hazard
    • 9.6. Outlook
  • Chapter 10. System of Wildfires Monitoring in Russia
    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. Natural Conditions and Forests in Russia
    • 10.3. Fire History and Current Statistics
    • 10.4. Federal Institutions of Wildfire Preventing and Fighting
    • 10.5. Territory Zoning according to the Type of Fire Monitoring
    • 10.6. Natural Fire Danger and Anthropogenic Impact
  • Chapter 11. Wildland Fire Danger Rating and Early Warning Systems
    • 11.1. Introduction
    • 11.2. Fire Danger Rating Systems
    • 11.3. Fire Early Warning Systems
    • 11.4. Forecasting Fire Danger for Early Warning
    • 11.5. Fire Danger and Early Warning Applications
    • 11.6. Future Fire Danger and Early Warning
  • Chapter 12. Postfire Ecosystem Restoration
    • 12.1. Introduction
    • 12.2. Do We Need to Manage Ecosystem Recovery after Wildfires?
    • 12.3. The Case of Megafires
    • 12.4. A Mediterranean-Basin Approach
    • 12.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 13. Ensuring That We Can See the Wood and the Trees: Growing the Capacity for Ecological wildfire Risk Management
    • 13.1. Introduction
    • 13.2. Causes and Consequences
    • 13.3. Lessons
    • 13.4. Pathways Forward
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
284
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780124096011
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124104341

About the Editor-in-Chief

John Shroder

John Shroder

jshroder@mail.unomaha.edu

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Geography and Geology, University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE, USA

About the Editor

Douglas Paton

Douglas Paton is Professor in the School of Psychology and Clinical Sciences at Charles Darwin University in Australia as of November 2016; previously he was at the University of Tasmania. He is a Technical Advisor on Risk Communication to the World Health Organisation, a member of the Risk Interpretation sub-committee of IRDR (UN-ISDR), and an advisor to the Australian Red Cross on community resilience. His work informs policy and practice for natural and health (pandemic) hazards through these roles. He is also the editor of Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, part of the Elsevier Hazards, Risks, and Disasters series, edited by James Schroeder.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Tasmania, Australia