Whittle's Gait Analysis

5th Edition


  • David Levine
  • Jim Richards
  • Michael Whittle
    • Print ISBN 9780702042652
    • Electronic ISBN

    Key Features

    • Highly readable, the book builds upon the basics of anatomy, physiology and biomechanics 
    • Describes both normal and pathological gait
    • Covers the range of methods available to perform gait analysis, from the very simple to the very complex.
    • Emphasizes the clinical applications of gait analysis

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 1 Basic Sciences
    Motor control

    Chapter 2 Normal Gait
    Walking and gait
    Terminology used in gait analysis
    Outline of the gait cycle
    The gait cycle in detail
    Ground reaction forces
    Support moment
    Energy consumption
    Optimization of energy usage
    Starting and stopping
    Other varieties of gait
    Changes in Gait with Age

    Chapter 3 Pathological and other abnormal gaits
    Specific gait abnormalities
    Walking aids
    Treadmill gait

    Chapter 4 Methods of gait analysis
    Visual gait analysis
    Temporal and Spatial Parameters during Gait
    Measurement of Temporal and Spatial Parameters during Gait
    Camera Based Motion Analysis
    Active marker systems
    Gyroscopes, Magnetic Fields and Motion Capture Suits
    Measuring Force and Pressure
    Pressure beneath the foot
    Measuring Muscle Activity
    Measuring Energy Expenditure
    Combined kinetic/kinematic systems

    Chapter 5 Applications of gait analysis
    Clinical gait assessment
    Conditions benefiting from gait assessment
    Future developments

    Chapter 6 Gait assessment of neurological diseases
    Gait assessment in Cerebral palsy
    Gait assessment in Stroke
    Gait assessment in Parkinson’s disease
    Gait assessment in Muscular dystrophy

    Chapter 7 Gait analysis in musculoskeletal conditions and prosthetics and orthotics
    Total hip replacement
    Gait analysis in knee osteoarthritis
    High tibial knee osteotomy
    Prosthetics and orthotics
    Amputee gait
    Orthotic gait



    No. of pages:
    © 2012
    Churchill Livingstone
    Print ISBN:
    Electronic ISBN:

    About the authors

    David Levine

    Affiliations and Expertise

    UC Foundation Associate Professor of Physical Therapy, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, Professor and Walter M. Cline Chair of Excellence in Physical Therapy, Department of Physical Therapy

    Jim Richards

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor of Biomechanics, Department of Allied Health Professions, Faculty of Health, University of Central Lancashire, UK

    Michael Whittle

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Formerly Walter M. Cline Jr. Chair of Rehabilitation Technology, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA; Director, H. Carey Hanlin Motion Analysis Laboratory, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA; Formerly Acting Director, Oxford Orthopaedic Engineering Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK