Key Features

  • Highly readable, the book builds upon the basics of anatomy, physiology and biomechanics 
  • Describes both normal and pathological gait
  • Covers the range of methods available to perform gait analysis, from the very simple to the very complex.
  • Emphasizes the clinical applications of gait analysis

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Basic Sciences
Motor control

Chapter 2 Normal Gait
Walking and gait
Terminology used in gait analysis
Outline of the gait cycle
The gait cycle in detail
Ground reaction forces
Support moment
Energy consumption
Optimization of energy usage
Starting and stopping
Other varieties of gait
Changes in Gait with Age

Chapter 3 Pathological and other abnormal gaits
Specific gait abnormalities
Walking aids
Treadmill gait

Chapter 4 Methods of gait analysis
Visual gait analysis
Temporal and Spatial Parameters during Gait
Measurement of Temporal and Spatial Parameters during Gait
Camera Based Motion Analysis
Active marker systems
Gyroscopes, Magnetic Fields and Motion Capture Suits
Measuring Force and Pressure
Pressure beneath the foot
Measuring Muscle Activity
Measuring Energy Expenditure
Combined kinetic/kinematic systems

Chapter 5 Applications of gait analysis
Clinical gait assessment
Conditions benefiting from gait assessment
Future developments

Chapter 6 Gait assessment of neurological diseases
Gait assessment in Cerebral palsy
Gait assessment in Stroke
Gait assessment in Parkinson’s disease
Gait assessment in Muscular dystrophy

Chapter 7 Gait analysis in musculoskeletal conditions and prosthetics and orthotics
Total hip replacement
Gait analysis in knee osteoarthritis
High tibial knee osteotomy
Prosthetics and orthotics
Amputee gait
Orthotic gait



No. of pages:
© 2012
Churchill Livingstone
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the editors

David Levine

Affiliations and Expertise

UC Foundation Associate Professor of Physical Therapy, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, Professor and Walter M. Cline Chair of Excellence in Physical Therapy, Department of Physical Therapy

Jim Richards

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Biomechanics, Department of Allied Health Professions, Faculty of Health, University of Central Lancashire, UK

Michael Whittle

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly Walter M. Cline Jr. Chair of Rehabilitation Technology, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA; Director, H. Carey Hanlin Motion Analysis Laboratory, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA; Formerly Acting Director, Oxford Orthopaedic Engineering Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK