This book is intended as a practical guide to scientific, legal, and technical issues concerning wetlands. As such, it is written in the most practical terms, with numerous helpful examples and case studies of how specific issues should best be addressed. The book is organized in a way that exposes the reader in logical succession to the full gamut of complex scientific, legal, and technical aspects of wetlands. This book recognizes that wetland science, law, and technology are interdependent disciplines. Most other works focus on one of these disciplines while perhaps providing some cursory treatment of related disciplines. This book attempts to meld several different perspectives on the subject of wetlands and to show the interrelationships between the various professions that deal with wetland issues. The book is organized as a guide through the various scientific, legal, and technical components of wetlands. Within each individual chapter, extensive cross-referencing is provided to help the reader link related aspects of the issue being discussed. Further, within the presentation of each separate chapter is a discussion of how the various scientific, legal, and technical aspects of the subject interrelate. Each chapter has been written by a known authority with specialized experience in the topic being presented.


A practical guide to scientific, legal, and technical issue for anyone directly or indirectly involved with wetland protection and remediation.

Table of Contents

1. Overview Mark S. Dennison, James F. Berry 1.1 Purpose and Scope of the Book 1.2 Introduction to Wetlands 1.3 Introduction to Regulation 1.4 Interplay Between Science and Regulation 1.5 Jurisdictional Determinations 2. Ecological Principles of Wetland Ecosystems James F. Berry 2.1 An Introduction to the Ecosystems 2.2 Community and Population Analysis 2.3 Wetland Functions and Values 2.4 Wetland Conservation 3. Freshwater Wetlands James A. Kushlan 3.1 Swamps 3.2 Marshes 3.3 Bogs 3.4 Deep Water and Other Inland Aquatic Ecosystems 3.5 Ponds and Lakes 4. Estuarine Wetlands Robert J. Livingston 4.1 Estuarine Wetland Functions and Values 4.2 Salt Marshes 4.3 Mangrove Swamps 4.4 Wetland Values and the Future of Estuarine Wetlands 5. Field Recognition and Delineation of Wetlands Ralph W. Tiner 5.1 Purpose and Use of the Corps Manual 5.2 Wetland Indicators 5.3 Field Procedures for Wetland Delineation 5.4 Major Wetland Data Sources 6. Problem Wetlands for Delineation Ralph W. Tiner 6.1 Problematic Wetland Plant Communities 6.2 Problematic Hydric Soils 6.3 Hydrologically Difficult Wetlands 6.4 Problematic Field Conditions 7. The Regulatory Framework Mark S. Dennison, James F. Berry 7.1 Clean Water Act 404 Program 7.2 Dredge and Fill Permics 7.3 Corps Responses to 404 Permit Applications 7.4 Remedies for 404 Permit Denials 7.5 Challenging Issuance of a


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© 1993
William Andrew
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About the authors

Tony Dennison

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer/Programme Leader University of Cumbria Lancaster UK

James F Berry

Affiliations and Expertise

Elmurst College, USA