Wetlands for Water Pollution Control - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780444636072, 9780444636126

Wetlands for Water Pollution Control

2nd Edition

Authors: Miklas Scholz
eBook ISBN: 9780444636126
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444636072
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 9th November 2015
Page Count: 556
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Description

Wetlands for Water Pollution Control, Second Edition, covers the fundamental science and engineering principles relevant to the drainage and treatment of both storm and wastewater. Standard and novel design recommendations for predominantly constructed wetlands and related sustainable drainage systems are also provided to account for the interests of professional engineers and environmental scientists.

This revised edition deals with the design, operation, maintenance, and water quality monitoring of traditional and novel wetland systems, but also provides information on the analysis of asset performance and modeling of treatment processes, along with performances of existing infrastructures in predominantly developed, but also developing countries, and the sustainability and economic issues involved.

This new edition contains 10 new chapters, along with multidisciplinary, experimental, and modeling-orientated case study topics that include natural wetlands, constructed treatment wetlands for pollution control, sustainable drainage systems, and specific applications, such as wetlands treating hydrocarbon and ammonia, as well as ecological sanitation systems recycling treated.

Key Features

  • Contains a broad overview of water and environmental engineering aspects relevant for the drainage and treatment of storm water and wastewater, respectively
  • Includes standard and novel design, operation, monitoring and maintenance recommendations for predominantly constructed wetlands and related sustainable drainage systems
  • Provides detailed solutions to pressing water quality challenges associated with constructed treatment wetlands, integrated constructed wetlands, sustainable flood retention basins, farm constructed wetlands and storm water ponds, and other sustainable biological filtration and treatment technologies linked to public health engineering

Readership

Upper-level graduate and postgraduate students, lecturers and researchers in civil and environmental engineering, environmental science, agriculture and ecological fields of sustainable water management.

Table of Contents

  • About the Author
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments and Dedications
  • Common Acronyms and Abbreviations
  • Chapter 1. Water Quality Standards
    • 1.1. Introduction and Historical Aspects
    • 1.2. Water Quality Standards and Treatment Objectives
    • 1.3. Biochemical Oxygen Demand
    • 1.4. Chemical Oxygen Demand
    • 1.5. Other Variables Used for the Characterization of Wastewater
  • Chapter 2. Water Treatment
    • 2.1. Sources of Water
    • 2.2. Standard Water Treatment
    • 2.3. Basic Water Chemistry
  • Chapter 3. Sewage Treatment
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Design Flow Rates
    • 3.3. Treatment Principles
    • 3.4. Engineering Classification of Sewage Treatment Stages
  • Chapter 4. Stream Pollution and Effluent Standards
    • 4.1. Organic Stream Pollution
    • 4.2. Prediction of Organic Stream Pollution
    • 4.3. Effluent Discharge Standard Principles
  • Chapter 5. Preliminary Treatment
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Design of Screening Units
    • 5.3. Design Details for Screening Units
    • 5.4. Comminutors
    • 5.5. Grit Removal
  • Chapter 6. Primary Treatment
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Loading Rate Methods
    • 6.3. Tank Design
    • 6.4. Design Parameters
    • 6.5. Economics of Construction
    • 6.6. Design Details
    • 6.7. Hydraulic Losses
    • 6.8. General Design Details
    • 6.9. Details of Various Types of Sedimentation Tanks
    • 6.10. Sedimentation Aids
  • Chapter 7. Coagulation and Flocculation
    • 7.1. Theory of Settling
    • 7.2. Classification of Settling Behavior
    • 7.3. Ideal Settling
    • 7.4. Introduction to Coagulation and Flocculation
    • 7.5. Colloidal Suspensions
    • 7.6. Coagulation Processes
    • 7.7. Coagulation Chemicals
    • 7.8. Operation of the Coagulation and Flocculation Process
    • 7.9. Rapid Mixing
    • 7.10. Flocculation
  • Chapter 8. Sludge Blanket Clarifiers
    • 8.1. Introduction to Sludge Blanket Clarification Systems
    • 8.2. Types of Sludge Blanket Clarifier
    • 8.3. Plate Settling in Sludge Blanket Clarifiers
  • Chapter 9. Flotation Systems
    • 9.1. Flotation Using Blown Air
    • 9.2. Flotation Using Dissolved Air
    • 9.3. Flotation Units
  • Chapter 10. Slow Filtration
    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. Slow Sand Filtration
    • 10.3. Algal Actions
    • 10.4. Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Chapter 11. Rapid Filtration
    • 11.1. Elements of a Rapid Sand Filter
    • 11.2. Sand Bed
    • 11.3. Underdrain System
    • 11.4. Hydraulics of Filtration
    • 11.5. Comparison with Slow Sand Filter
  • Chapter 12. Biological Treatment
    • 12.1. Aerobic Self-Purification
    • 12.2. Waste Stabilization Ponds
  • Chapter 13. Biological Filtration
    • 13.1. Introduction
    • 13.2. Trickling Filter
    • 13.3. Basic Ecology
    • 13.4. Process Variants
    • 13.5. Design of Biological Filters
  • Chapter 14. Rotating Biological Contactors
    • 14.1. Introduction
    • 14.2. Principles of Operation
    • 14.3. Design and Loading Criteria
    • 14.4. Principle Elements
    • 14.5. Operational Problems
  • Chapter 15. Activated Sludge Processes
    • 15.1. Background
    • 15.2. Activated Sludge Process
    • 15.3. Comparison between the Activated Sludge Process, Percolating Filtration, and Wetland System
    • 15.4. Activated Sludge Process Types
    • 15.5. Activated Sludge Process Designs and Kinetics
    • 15.6. Summary of Key Process Design Criteria
  • Chapter 16. Iron and Manganese Removal
    • 16.1. Introduction
    • 16.2. Basic Removal Processes
    • 16.3. Advanced Removal Processes
  • Chapter 17. Water Softening
    • 17.1. Introduction
    • 17.2. Lime-Soda Softening
    • 17.3. Lime Softening
    • 17.4. Excess Lime Softening
    • 17.5. Lime Recovery
  • Chapter 18. Water Microbiology
    • 18.1. Statistics for Applied Microbiology
    • 18.2. Protozoa
    • 18.3. Biological Effects of Organic Pollutants
    • 18.4. Eutrophication and Water Treatment
    • 18.5. Protozoology of Treatment Processes
    • 18.6. Odor and Toxins of Natural Origin
    • 18.7. Public Health Aspects
  • Chapter 19. Disinfection
    • 19.1. Destroying Pathogens and Requirements of a Disinfectant
    • 19.2. Traditional Methods of Disinfection
    • 19.3. Ozone
    • 19.4. Chlorine Dioxide and Chlorine as Disinfectants
    • 19.5. Kinetics of Chlorination
    • 19.6. Applications of Chlorine
    • 19.7. Technology of Chlorine Addition
    • 19.8. Advantages and Disadvantages of Chlorine
  • Chapter 20. Constructed Wetlands
    • 20.1. Background
    • 20.2. Definitions
    • 20.3. Hydrology of Wetlands
    • 20.4. Wetland Chemistry
    • 20.5. Wetland Ecosystem Mass Balance
    • 20.6. Macrophytes in Wetlands
    • 20.7. Physical and Biochemical Parameters
    • 20.8. Examples for Natural and Constructed Wetlands
  • Chapter 21. Sludge Treatment and Disposal
    • 21.1. Introduction
    • 21.2. Tests for Dewatering of Sludge
    • 21.3. Sludge Treatment and Disposal Objectives and Methods
    • 21.4. Treatment Processes
    • 21.5. Thickening and Dewatering of Sludges
    • 21.6. Partial Disposal
    • 21.7. Land Dumping and Passive Treatment
  • Chapter 22. Wetlands Treating Contaminated Stream Water
    • 22.1. Introduction
    • 22.2. Materials and Methods
    • 22.3. Results and Discussion
    • 22.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 23. Wetland Systems to Control Roof Runoff
    • 23.1. Introduction
    • 23.2. Methods
    • 23.3. Results and Discussion
    • 23.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 24. Wetlands Treating Road Runoff
    • 24.1. Introduction
    • 24.2. Site, Materials, and Methodology
    • 24.3. Experimental Results and Discussion
    • 24.4. Conclusions and Further Work
  • Chapter 25. Combined Wetland and Below-ground Detention Systems
    • 25.1. Introduction
    • 25.2. Materials and Methods
    • 25.3. Results and Discussion
    • 25.4. Conclusions and Further Research
  • Chapter 26. Modeling of Constructed Wetland Performance
    • 26.1. Introduction
    • 26.2. Methodology and Software
    • 26.3. Results and Discussion
    • 26.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 27. Infiltration Wetland Systems
    • 27.1. Introduction
    • 27.2. Methods
    • 27.3. Results and Discussion
    • 27.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 28. Retrofitting of Sustainable Drainage Systems in the Presence of Vegetation
    • 28.1. Introduction
    • 28.2. Methodology
    • 28.3. Results and Discussion
    • 28.4. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 29. Expert Tool Based on Ecosystem Variables for Retrofitting of Wetland Systems
    • 29.1. Introduction
    • 29.2. Methodology
    • 29.3. Results and Discussion
    • 29.4. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 30. Sustainable Drainage System Model
    • 30.1. Introduction
    • 30.2. Sites, Methodology, and Modeling
    • 30.3. Results and Discussion
    • 30.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 31. Natural Wetlands Treating Diffuse Pollution
    • 31.1. Introduction
    • 31.2. Materials and Methods
    • 31.3. Results
    • 31.4. Discussion
    • 31.5. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 32. Integrated Constructed Wetlands for Pollution Control
    • 32.1. Introduction
    • 32.2. Case Study Sites, Materials, and Methodologies
    • 32.3. Results and Discussion
    • 32.4. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 33. Infiltration and Contaminant Migration beneath Integrated Constructed Wetlands
    • 33.1. Introduction
    • 33.2. Case Study, Materials, and Methods
    • 33.3. Results and Discussion
    • 33.4. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 34. Seasonal Assessment of Vertical-Flow Wetlands Treating Domestic Wastewater
    • 34.1. Introduction
    • 34.2. Materials and Methods
    • 34.3. Results and Discussion
    • 34.4. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 35. Recycling of Domestic Wastewater Treated by Vertical-Flow Wetlands for Irrigation
    • 35.1. Introduction
    • 35.2. Methodology
    • 35.3. Results and Discussion
    • 35.4. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 36. Piggery Wastewater Treatment with Integrated Constructed Wetlands
    • 36.1. Introduction
    • 36.2. Site, Materials, and Methods
    • 36.3. Results and Discussion
    • 36.4. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 37. Wetland Systems as Part of the Sustainable Flood Retention Basin Concept
    • 37.1. Introduction
    • 37.2. Assessment of Classification Variables
    • 37.3. Conclusions and Recommendations for Further Work
  • Chapter 38. Classification of Sustainable Flood Retention Basins
    • 38.1. Introduction to Traditional Classification
    • 38.2. Traditional Methodology
    • 38.3. Discussion of the Traditional Method
    • 38.4. Introduction to Multilabel Classification
    • 38.5. Data and Methodology
    • 38.6. Experimental Results and Discussion
    • 38.7. Representative Case Studies
    • 38.8. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • References
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
556
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780444636126
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444636072

About the Author

Miklas Scholz

Miklas Scholz

Prof. Miklas Scholz, cand ing, BEng (equiv), PgC, MSc, PhD, CWEM, CEnv, CSci, CEng, FHEA, FIEMA, FCIWEM, FICE, Fellow of IWA holds the Chair in Civil Engineering at The University of Salford. He was previously working at The University of Edinburgh. He is the Head of the Civil Engineering Research Group in Salford.

He has shown individual excellence evidenced by contributions to world-leading publications, postgraduate supervision, and research impact. His main research areas in terms of publication output are treatment wetlands, integrated constructed wetlands, sustainable flood retention basins, permeable pavement systems, decision support systems, ponds, and capillary suction time. About 45% and 40% of his research is in water resources management and wastewater treatment, respectively. The remaining 15% is in capillary processes and water treatment.

He has published four books and more than 176 journal articles covering a wide area of topics. Between 2009 and 2015, he topped the publication list in terms of numbers for all members of staff at The University of Salford. Prof. Scholz’s full journal article publications in recent years are as follows: 2009 (13), 2010 (19), 2011 (13), 2012 (21), 2013 (17), and 2014 (15). He has total citations of more than 2845 (above 2122 citations since 2010), resulting in an H-Index of 28 and

an i10-Index of 64.

Prof. Scholz is Editor-in-Chief of 13 journals, including the Web of Science-listed journal Water (impact factor for 2014: 1.428). He has membership experience on over 35 influential editorial boards. His new guidelines on sustainable flood retention basins (SFRB) and integrated constructed wetlands (ICW) have led to the international uptake of both the novel SFRB and ICW concepts. This work has particularly benefited the British Isles, Central and Northern Europe, and has an excellent uptake potential for large regions in America, Asia and Africa.

Affiliations and Expertise

Civil Engineering Research Group, The University of Salford, Greater Manchester, UK

Reviews

"The volume would make an excellent textbook for students, scholars and professionals as it deals with all issues related to the design, operation, maintenance, water quality monitoring, asset performance, modeling and economics of traditional and novel wetland systems...the author’s extensive experience on relevant scientific topics has ensured an authoritative work of excellent quality." --Environmental Processes

"The book is the second edition of Wetland Systems to Control Urban Runoff written by Professor Miklas Scholz and published by Elsevier (2006). It is comprehensive, up-to-date, carefully structured and well-written. This edition attempts to cover all aspects of the designs and operations of wetland systems and is one of the most in-depth textbooks of wetland systems published so far." --Ebrahem M. Eid, Associate Professor, Kafr El-Sheikh University