Weather Analysis and Forecasting - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126192629, 9780080455266

Weather Analysis and Forecasting

1st Edition

Applying Satellite Water Vapor Imagery and Potential Vorticity Analysis

Authors: Christo Georgiev Patrick Santurette
eBook ISBN: 9780080455266
Paperback ISBN: 9780126192629
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 2nd June 2005
Page Count: 200
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Weather Analysis and Forecasting is a practical guide to using potential vorticity fields and water vapor imagery from satellites to elucidate complex weather patterns and train meteorologists to improve operational forecasting. In particular, it details the use of the close relationship between satellite imagery and the potential vorticity fields in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. It shows how to interpret water vapor patterns in terms of dynamical processes in the atmosphere and their relation to diagnostics available from weather prediction models.

The book explores topics including: a dynamical view of synoptic development; the interpretation problem of satellite water vapor imagery; practical use of water vapor imagery and dynamical fields; significant water vapor imagery features associated with synoptic dynamical structures; and use of water vapor imagery for assessing NWP model behavior and improving forecasts. Applications are illustrated with color images based on real meteorological situations.

The book's step-by-step pedagogy makes this an essential training manual for forecasters in meteorological services worldwide, and a valuable text for graduate students in atmospheric physics and satellite meteorology.

Key Features

  • Shows how to analyze current satellite images for assessing weather models' behavior and improving forecasts
  • Provides step-by-step pedagogy for understanding and interpreting meteorological processes
  • Includes full-color throughout to highlight "real-world" models, patterns, and examples


Academics and students in meteorology and weather forecasters/professional meteorologists the world over, including military and government workers (ie. National Weather Service, Met Office, Meteo France). Members of the American Meteorological Society, the Royal Meteorological Society, etc.

Table of Contents

PART I: Fundamentals

  1. A Dynamical View of Synoptic Development 1.1 Vorticity and Potential Vorticity 1.2 The Concept of PV Thinking 1.3 Operational Use of PV Fields for Monitoring Synoptic Development
  2. The Interpretation Problem of Satellite Water Vapor Imagery 2.1 Radiation Measurements in Water Vapor Absorption Bands 2.2 Information Content of Water Vapor Image Gray ShadesPART II: Practical Use of Water Vapor Imagery and Dynamical Fields
  3. Significant Water Vapor Imagery Features Associated with Synoptic Dynamical Structures 3.1 Interpretation of Synoptic-Scale Light and Dark Imagery Features 3.2 Mid- to Upper-Troposphere Wind Field 3.3 Blocking Regimes 3.4 Cyclogenesis 3.5 WV Imagery Analysis of Main Ingredients of a Severe Weather Situation 3.6 Summary
  4. Use of Water Vapor Imagery for Assessing NWP Model Behavior and Improving Forecasts 4.1 Operational Use of the Relationship Between PV Fields and WV Imagery 4.2 Synthetic (Pseudo) Water Vapor Images 4.3 Comparing PV Fields, WV Imagery, and Synthetic WV Images 4.4 Agreement Among the WV Image, the PV Field, and the Synthetic WV Image/NWP Moisture Distribution 4.5 Instances of Mismatch Between the Synthetic WV Image/NWP Moisture Distribution and the PV Field 4.6 Mismatch Between the WV Image and the PV Field and Agreement Between the PV Field and the Synthetic Image/NWP Moisture Distribution 4.7 Using Satellite and Synthetic WV Images and PV Concepts to Get an Alternative Numerical Forecast 4.8 Summary Conclusion Appendices A. A Radiative Transfer Theory and Some Radiation Effects for the WV channels of Meteosat, GOES, and MSG B. Synthetic (Pseudo) Water Vapor Images C. PV Modification Technique and PV Inversion to Correct the Initial State of the Numerical Model D. Glossary of Acronyms References Index


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About the Author

Christo Georgiev

Christo G. Georgiev has worked in the Forecasting Department of the National Meteorological Service (NMS) of Bulgaria since 1993 as a satellite meteorology researcher, Associate Professor since 2004 and as Professor since 2012. He is well acquainted with the meteorological satellites, weather analysis and forecasting matters, having worked for the NMS of Bulgaria in a position of Programme Manager of Forecasting Technology (2008-2011), Head of Operational Weather Forecasting (2011-2014) and Head of Remote Sensing since 1 December 2015. He has taught at various national and international training courses for using satellite data in weather forecasting.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Patrick Santurette

Patrick Santurette is the current Head of Météo-France Marine and Oceanographic department after being head of the Météo-France Forecast Laboratory where he has worked for 19 years, in collaboration with operational forecasters to improve their methods and tools. Previously he worked during 10 years as senior forecaster in the National Forecasting Centre of Météo-France. Dr. Santurette is in daily contact with operational forecasters, and he regularly organizes workshops dedicated to French operational forecasters. Dr. Santurette actively participates in forecast training in the framework of the Météo-France school, including those held in English for foreign weather services.

Affiliations and Expertise

Forecasting Operations, Météo-France, Toulouse, France


"...includes step-by-step pedagogy, which should be useful to {operational weather forecasters} in training, and numerous full-color illustrations based on real meteorological situations." --Weatherwise

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