Waterborne Pathogens - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444595430, 9780444595461

Waterborne Pathogens

1st Edition

Detection Methods and Applications

Editors: Helen Bridle
eBook ISBN: 9780444595461
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444595430
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 23rd July 2013
Page Count: 416
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This book gives an overview of advanced emerging technologies for the detection of a range of waterborne pathogens. The book will present existing methodology and highlight where improvements can be made, as well as have a strong focus on applications and the ways in which new technology could be applied in water management. Additionally, it addresses issues of sample preparation (from sampling to concentration and enrichment), a key stage in any detection protocol.

Key Features

  • Covers the gap of specific sound methods of pathogen detection by fulfulling the need for a concept book on the novel technologies for pathogen detection in water
  • Presents all cutting-edge technologies for pathogen detection in water as well as recent emerging technologies
  • Addresses all three types of pathogens; this combined knowledge helps to understand all potential pathogens in water


Microbiologists, Immunologists, medical and public health professionals, civil and environmental engineers, regulators and managers involved with water quality and monitoring, water utilities, equipment manufacturers, policy and goverment officials, graduate students and postdoctoral scientists.

Table of Contents



Chapter One. Introduction


Section 1: Overview and Background

Chapter Two. Overview of Waterborne Pathogens

2.1 Viruses

2.2 Bacteria

2.3 Protozoa

2.4 Helminths

2.5 Summary


Chapter Three. Existing Methods of Waterborne Pathogen Detection

3.1 World Health Organisation Guidelines

3.2 Types of Monitoring

3.3 Fecal Indicator Monitoring

3.4 Direct Detection of Pathogens

3.5 Summary


Section 2: Sample Processing

Chapter Four. Sample Processing

4.1 Background

4.2 Sampling

4.3 Concentration Techniques

4.4 Secondary Concentration Techniques

4.5 Nuclei Acid Extraction for Molecular Detection

4.6 Analytical Controls

4.7 Summary


Section 3: Detection



Chapter Five. Optical Detection Technologies for Waterborne Pathogens

5.1 Techniques Using Labeling

5.2 Spectroscopy

5.3 Summary


Chapter Six. Electrochemical Detection

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Potentiometry

6.3 Voltammetry

6.4 Coulometry

6.5 Impedance Spectroscopy

6.6 Dielectrophoresis

6.7 Scaling Effect

6.8 Miniaturized Detection of Waterborne Pathogens

6.9 Summary and Future Outlook


Chapter Seven. Biosensors for the Detection of Waterborne Pathogens

7.1 Performance Characteristics

7.2 Recognition Elements

7.3 Transduction Methods

7.4 Biosensors for Waterborne Viruses

7.5 Biosensors for Waterborne Bacteria

7.6 Biosensors for Waterborne Protozoa

7.7 Biosensors for the Detection of Waterborne Parasites

7.8 Summary and Future Outlook


Chapter Eight. Molecular Methods for the Detection of Waterborne Pathogens

8.1 Why Molecular Methods?

8.2 Molecular Methods

8.3 Current State of Pathogen Detection in Water Sources

8.4 Fecal Source Tracking

8.5 Summary and Future Outlook


Chapter Nine. Nanotechnology for Detection of Waterborne Pathogens

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Background

9.3 Nanotechnology in Sample Processing

9.4 Nanotechnology in Pathogen Detection

9.5 Summary

9.5 References

Chapter Ten. Miniaturized Detection Systems

10.1 Microfluidics

10.2 Applications

10.3 Summary


Section 4: Applications and Evaluation

Chapter Eleven. Applications of Emerging Technologies in the Drinking Water Sector

11.1 Current Position of the UK Water Industry

11.2 Application of WSPs and WSF in the Rest of the World

11.3 The Legislative Framework

11.4 Pathogens of Major Concern to the Market

11.5 Public Health Policy Implications for Detection and Treatment

11.6 Detection and Treatment from a Market Perspective

11.7 Market Adoption of Emerging Technologies

11.8 Conclusions


Chapter Twelve. Conclusions

12.1 Summary

12.2 The Future of Waterborne Pathogen Monitoring



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© Academic Press 2013
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Helen Bridle

Dr. Helen Bridle holds a 5 year Royal Academy of Engineering/EPSRC Fellowship, exploring methods of detection of waterborne pathogens, at the Institute of Biological Chemistry, Biophysics and Bioengineering at Heriot-Watt University. Prior to starting at Heriot-Watt, she held this Fellowship at the University of Edinburgh. Her PhD was undertaken at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden and she has also worked as a research assistant at ETH Zurich in Switzerland. She has published 10 papers in high impact academic journals. Dr. Bridle is a Royal Society of Edinburgh Young Academy Member. In 2012, she was a British Science Association Media Fellow at the Scotsman. In the same year she was selected for participation in the Scottish Crucible and the European Science Foundation Junior Summit on Water: Unite and Divide. Dr. Bridle organised the publication of a special issue arising from this junior summit. She is a member of the Journal of Water Resources and Protection editorial board and the Journal of Global Health editorial council.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Biological Chemistry, Biophysics and Bioengineering, Heriot-Watt University


"Access to clean water is one of the central problems of the modern civilization, and this volume concentrates on one of its crucial aspects: identification, detection, and classification of waterborne pathogens. Covering both theoretical and practical ground, several biological chemists and professionals address the problems inherent in this field."--ProtoView.com, January 2014
“The major strength is the coverage of all three types of pathogens found in water and together in the same book as descriptions of the new technologies that are being investigated as potential improvements to current methods.”--Kimberley Gilbride, Biology Program Director, Ryerson University