Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens

Detection Methods and Applications

1st Edition - July 13, 2013

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  • Editor: Helen Bridle
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444595461

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This book gives an overview of advanced emerging technologies for the detection of a range of waterborne pathogens. The book will present existing methodology and highlight where improvements can be made, as well as have a strong focus on applications and the ways in which new technology could be applied in water management. Additionally, it addresses issues of sample preparation (from sampling to concentration and enrichment), a key stage in any detection protocol.

Key Features

  • Covers the gap of specific sound methods of pathogen detection by fulfulling the need for a concept book on the novel technologies for pathogen detection in water
  • Presents all cutting-edge technologies for pathogen detection in water as well as recent emerging technologies
  • Addresses all three types of pathogens; this combined knowledge helps to understand all potential pathogens in water


Microbiologists, Immunologists, medical and public health professionals, civil and environmental engineers, regulators and managers involved with water quality and monitoring, water utilities, equipment manufacturers, policy and goverment officials, graduate students and postdoctoral scientists.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    Chapter One. Introduction


    Section 1: Overview and Background

    Chapter Two. Overview of Waterborne Pathogens

    2.1 Viruses

    2.2 Bacteria

    2.3 Protozoa

    2.4 Helminths

    2.5 Summary


    Chapter Three. Existing Methods of Waterborne Pathogen Detection

    3.1 World Health Organisation Guidelines

    3.2 Types of Monitoring

    3.3 Fecal Indicator Monitoring

    3.4 Direct Detection of Pathogens

    3.5 Summary


    Section 2: Sample Processing

    Chapter Four. Sample Processing

    4.1 Background

    4.2 Sampling

    4.3 Concentration Techniques

    4.4 Secondary Concentration Techniques

    4.5 Nuclei Acid Extraction for Molecular Detection

    4.6 Analytical Controls

    4.7 Summary


    Section 3: Detection



    Chapter Five. Optical Detection Technologies for Waterborne Pathogens

    5.1 Techniques Using Labeling

    5.2 Spectroscopy

    5.3 Summary


    Chapter Six. Electrochemical Detection

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Potentiometry

    6.3 Voltammetry

    6.4 Coulometry

    6.5 Impedance Spectroscopy

    6.6 Dielectrophoresis

    6.7 Scaling Effect

    6.8 Miniaturized Detection of Waterborne Pathogens

    6.9 Summary and Future Outlook


    Chapter Seven. Biosensors for the Detection of Waterborne Pathogens

    7.1 Performance Characteristics

    7.2 Recognition Elements

    7.3 Transduction Methods

    7.4 Biosensors for Waterborne Viruses

    7.5 Biosensors for Waterborne Bacteria

    7.6 Biosensors for Waterborne Protozoa

    7.7 Biosensors for the Detection of Waterborne Parasites

    7.8 Summary and Future Outlook


    Chapter Eight. Molecular Methods for the Detection of Waterborne Pathogens

    8.1 Why Molecular Methods?

    8.2 Molecular Methods

    8.3 Current State of Pathogen Detection in Water Sources

    8.4 Fecal Source Tracking

    8.5 Summary and Future Outlook


    Chapter Nine. Nanotechnology for Detection of Waterborne Pathogens

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Background

    9.3 Nanotechnology in Sample Processing

    9.4 Nanotechnology in Pathogen Detection

    9.5 Summary

    9.5 References

    Chapter Ten. Miniaturized Detection Systems

    10.1 Microfluidics

    10.2 Applications

    10.3 Summary


    Section 4: Applications and Evaluation

    Chapter Eleven. Applications of Emerging Technologies in the Drinking Water Sector

    11.1 Current Position of the UK Water Industry

    11.2 Application of WSPs and WSF in the Rest of the World

    11.3 The Legislative Framework

    11.4 Pathogens of Major Concern to the Market

    11.5 Public Health Policy Implications for Detection and Treatment

    11.6 Detection and Treatment from a Market Perspective

    11.7 Market Adoption of Emerging Technologies

    11.8 Conclusions


    Chapter Twelve. Conclusions

    12.1 Summary

    12.2 The Future of Waterborne Pathogen Monitoring


Product details

  • No. of pages: 416
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: July 13, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444595461

About the Editor

Helen Bridle

Helen Bridle
Dr. Helen Bridle holds a 5 year Royal Academy of Engineering/EPSRC Fellowship, exploring methods of detection of waterborne pathogens, at the Institute of Biological Chemistry, Biophysics and Bioengineering at Heriot-Watt University. Prior to starting at Heriot-Watt, she held this Fellowship at the University of Edinburgh. Her PhD was undertaken at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden and she has also worked as a research assistant at ETH Zurich in Switzerland. She has published 10 papers in high impact academic journals. Dr. Bridle is a Royal Society of Edinburgh Young Academy Member. In 2012, she was a British Science Association Media Fellow at the Scotsman. In the same year she was selected for participation in the Scottish Crucible and the European Science Foundation Junior Summit on Water: Unite and Divide. Dr. Bridle organised the publication of a special issue arising from this junior summit. She is a member of the Journal of Water Resources and Protection editorial board and the Journal of Global Health editorial council.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Biological Chemistry, Biophysics and Bioengineering, Heriot-Watt University

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