Water Relations of Plants

Water Relations of Plants

1st Edition - May 28, 1983

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  • Author: Paul J Kramer
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138239

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Description

Water Relations of Plants attempts to explain the importance of water through a description of the factors that control the plant water balance and how they affect the physiological processes that determine the quantity and quality of growth. Organized into 13 chapters, this book first discusses the functions and properties of water and the plant cell water relations. Subsequent chapters focus on measurement and control of soil water, as well as growth and functions of root. This book also looks into the water absorption, the ascent of sap, the transpiration, and the water stress and its effects on plant processes and growth. This book will be useful for students, teachers, and investigators in both basic and applied plant science, as well as for botanists, agronomists, foresters, horticulturists, soil scientists, and even laymen with an interest in plant water relations.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1 Water: Its Functions and Properties

    Introduction

    Uses of Water in Plants

    Properties of Water

    Properties of Aqueous Solutions

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    2 Cell Water Relations

    Introduction

    Cell Structure

    Distribution of Water in Cells

    Cell Membranes

    Movement of Water and Solutes in Plants

    Cell Water Terminology

    Components of the Water Potential Equation

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    3 Soil and Water

    Introduction

    Important Characteristics of Soil

    How Water Occurs in Soil

    Movement of Water in Soil

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    4 Measurement and Control of Soil Water

    Introduction

    Field Measurements of Soil Water

    Laboratory Measurements of Soil Water

    Experimental Control of Soil Water Content

    Irrigation

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    5 Root Growth and Functions

    Introduction

    Functions of Roots

    Root Growth

    The Absorbing Zone of Roots

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    6 Development of Root Systems

    Introduction

    Root Systems

    Internal Factors Affecting the Development of Root Systems

    Environmental Factors Affecting Root Growth

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    7 Water Movement in the Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Continuum

    Introduction

    The Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Continuum Concept

    Driving Forces and Resistances

    Water Movement through Plants

    Varying Resistances in Roots

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    8 The Absorption of Water and Root and Stem Pressures

    Introduction

    Absorption Mechanisms

    Root and Stem Pressures

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    9 Factors Affecting the Absorption of Water

    Introduction

    Efficiency of Root Systems as Absorbing Surfaces

    Environmental Factors Affecting Water Absorption

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    10 The Conducting System and the Ascent of Sap

    Introduction

    The Conducting System

    The Ascent of Sap

    Conduction in Leaves

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    11 Transpiration

    Introduction

    The Process of Transpiration

    Plant Factors Affecting Transpiration

    Interaction of Factors Affecting Transpiration

    Measurement of Transpiration

    Evaporation from Stands of Plants

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    12 Water Deficits and Plant Growth

    Introduction

    Cause and Development of Water Deficits

    Effects of Water Deficits

    Measurement of Plant Water Stress

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    13 Drought Tolerance and Water Use Efficiency

    Introduction

    Drought

    Water Use Efficiency

    Summary

    Supplementary Reading

    Bibliography

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 489
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: May 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138239

About the Author

Paul J Kramer

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