Water and Climate Change

Water and Climate Change

Sustainable Development, Environmental and Policy Issues

1st Edition - July 3, 2022

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  • Editor: Trevor Letcher
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323998758
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323998765

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Description

Water and Climate Change: Sustainable Development, Politics and Social Issues focuses on climate change and global warming, sustainable development and social and political issues surrounding water. Throughout the book, global contributors provide an outlook on the possible future of the world if climate issues continue to increase. In this regard, readers will become fully aware of the dangers of climate change and global warming. To counterbalance, the book also provides an outlook to the possible future of the world if changes are made and emissions are reduced. Water shortages and water pollution are real and are beginning to affect the lives of every one of us on the planet. We are rapidly reaching a point of no return. If we do nothing about water shortages and water pollution, many of the catastrophes mentioned in this book will come to pass. As such, this reference is a must-read resource for environmental scientists and engineers, water resource experts, agriculturalists, social scientists, earth scientists, geographers and decision-makers in government and water management.

Key Features

  • Covers a wide spectrum of topics related to water usage as discussed by world authorities, all experts in their own field
  • Includes references and further reading at the end of each chapter, giving the reader all the very latest thinking and information on each topic
  • Provides case studies that follow a consistent template, presenting the reader with easy to find, real-life examples

Readership

Environmental scientists and engineers, water resource experts, agriculturalists, social scientists, earth scientists, geographers; Decision makers in government, water management and urban planners

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Section A: Introduction
  • Chapter 1. Introduction: water, the vital chemical
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 The unique chemical properties of water
  • 1.3 Water and climate change
  • 1.4 The origin of water on Earth
  • 1.5 The scarcity of water
  • 1.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 2. The root causes of climate change and the role played by water
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Water and CO2 and the greenhouse effect
  • 2.3 The main greenhouse gases of anthropogenic origin
  • 2.4 Feedback mechanisms and tipping points
  • 2.5 Where are we in solving the problem of global heating?
  • 2.6 Solutions
  • 2.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Water resource planning and climate change
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Climate change and water budget components
  • 3.3 Water reservoirs
  • 3.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Potential impacts of climate change on biogeochemical cycling
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Thermodynamics of cycling
  • 4.3 Partitioning
  • 4.4 Biochemodynamics
  • 4.5 Biogeochemistry of oxygen in water
  • 4.6 The carbon cycle and greenhouse effect
  • 4.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Section B: Sustainable development and environmental issues
  • Chapter 5. Water quality engineering: physical, chemical, and biological treatment for a sustainable future
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Water quality
  • 5.3 Chemical processes
  • 5.4 Wastewater treatment
  • 5.5 Water treatment to manage risks
  • 5.6 Disposal of sludge
  • 5.7 Mixed reactors
  • 5.8 Aerobic reactors
  • 5.9 Anaerobic reactors
  • 5.10 Treating contaminated ground water
  • 5.11 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Urban water supplies in developing countries with a focus on climate change
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Urbanization in developing countries
  • 6.3 Urban water supplies
  • 6.4 Climate change challenges and urban waters
  • 6.5 Waste management and climate change and its impact on urban water
  • 6.6 Opportunities and global initiatives
  • 6.7 Water security
  • 6.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 7. Water purity and sustainable water treatment systems for developing countries
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 7.1 Introduction: access to clean water in developing countries
  • 7.2 Environmental challenges to water purity in developing countries
  • 7.3 WHO guidelines for water purity
  • 7.4 Water supply sources used in developing countries
  • 7.5 Water treatment systems used in developing countries
  • 7.6 Sustainable water management systems
  • 7.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Water purification techniques for the developing world
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Water purification methodologies
  • 8.3 Solar treatment and its intensification
  • 8.4 Water disinfection by boiling
  • 8.5 Chemical treatment
  • 8.6 Filtration techniques
  • 8.7 Natural treatment methods
  • 8.8 Cavitation-based water hand pumps
  • 8.9 Sustainable disinfection of harvested rainwater
  • 8.10 Recent research on emerging methods
  • 8.11 Impact of Covid 19 pandemic on the water sector in developing countries
  • 8.12 Comparison of various purification techniques
  • 8.13 Conclusions
  • 8.14 Recommendations for future work
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Plastic pollution in waterways and in the oceans
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Global marine plastic pollution
  • 9.3 Plastic pollution in rivers
  • 9.4 Riverine plastic outflows
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Desalination and sustainability
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Description of desalination processes
  • 10.3 Desalination and sustainability
  • 10.4 Renewable energy integration
  • 10.5 Future of sustainable desalination
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Groundwater sustainability in a digital world
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Groundwater sustainability
  • 11.3 Digital groundwater
  • 11.4 Internet of Things–based data collection
  • 11.5 Web-based data sharing
  • 11.6 Workflow for data processing
  • 11.7 Scenarios for data usage
  • 11.8 Perspectives of web-based groundwater platforms
  • 11.9 Disclaimer
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Economics of water productivity and scarcity in irrigated agriculture
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Productivity concepts as indicators
  • 12.3 Production and scarcity in economics
  • 12.4 Constructing water productivity indicators: physical and economic considerations
  • 12.5 Trends in water productivity
  • 12.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 13. Potential of municipal wastewater for resource recovery and reuse
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Wastewater as a water source
  • 13.3 Wastewater as a nutrient source
  • 13.4 Wastewater as an energy source
  • 13.5 Conclusions and prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 14. Sustainable freshwater management—the South African approach
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 The classification system and classification of water resources
  • 14.3 The determination of the reserve and resource quality objectives
  • 14.4 Reflections on the resource directed measure components using the Vaal Barrage catchment in South Africa as a case study
  • 14.5 Source directed controls
  • 14.6 Linking resource directed measure and source directed control instruments for sustainable freshwater resources management
  • 14.7 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 15. Sustainable water management with a focus on climate change
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 15.1 Introduction and background
  • 15.2 Impacts from climate change
  • 15.3 Managing worsening concerns
  • 15.4 Sustainable water management: a need for change
  • 15.5 A sustainable water future
  • References
  • Chapter 16. Food-energy-water nexus and assessment models
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Assessment of food-energy-water nexus
  • 16.3 Food-energy-water nexus model development
  • 16.4 Comparison of different models
  • 16.5 Applications of F-E-W nexus models
  • 16.6 Future considerations
  • References
  • Chapter 17. Emerging water pollutants
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Dose-response relationships
  • 17.3 Uncertainty
  • 17.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 18. Local representations of a changing climate
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Local conditions of a changing climate
  • 18.3 Art and science local representation processes by site and related challenges
  • 18.4 Metadata and dynamic mapping perspectives for local representations
  • 18.5 Lessons learned and final conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 19. Agricultural water pollution
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 19.1 Introduction and background
  • 19.2 Pollution problems generated from agricultural practices
  • 19.3 Shifting practices and climate change
  • 19.4 Water pollution control
  • 19.5 Agriculture and a sustainable future
  • References
  • Chapter 20. Environmental impacts on global water resources and poverty, with a focus on climate change
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 20.1 Environmental impacts on national/regional water resources
  • 20.2 Impacts of climate change on poverty
  • 20.3 Exposure and vulnerability impacts
  • 20.4 Slow-onset events
  • 20.5 Future trends
  • References
  • Section C: Policy issues
  • Chapter 21. Climate change and water justice
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 What is justice and for whom? Examples from the water sector
  • 21.3 Defining water justice
  • 21.4 Water justice and climate change vulnerability
  • 21.5 Water justice and climate change’s proposed solutions
  • 21.6 Naturalizing climate change
  • 21.7 Struggle(s) for water and climate justice
  • 21.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 22. Environmental ethics and sustainable freshwater resource management
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 Key issues and the need for environmental ethical considerations in water resource management
  • 22.3 Approaches to environmental ethics from a western perspective
  • 22.4 Relating environmental ethics to water resource management in the context of complex socio-ecological systems
  • 22.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: July 3, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323998758
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323998765

About the Editor

Trevor Letcher

Trevor Letcher
Professor Letcher was Professor of Chemistry, and Head of Department in South Africa (University of the Witwatersrand, Rhodes University and Natal) (1969 -2004). He has published over 300 papers on chemical thermodynamic topics in peer reviewed journals; and 100 papers in popular science and education journals. He has edited and written 28 books ranging from Future Energy Climate Change, Storing Energy, Wind Energy, Solar Energy, Managing Global Warming and Unraveling Environmental Disasters. He has been awarded gold medals by the South African Institute of Chemistry and the South African Association for the Advancement of Science. He is currently Emeritus Professor at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and living in the United Kingdom.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor, School of Chemistry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

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