Waste

Waste

A Handbook for Management

1st Edition - January 20, 2011

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  • Editors: Trevor Letcher, Daniel Vallero
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123814760

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Description

Waste: A Handbook for Management gives the broadest, most complete coverage of waste in our society. The book examines a wide range of waste streams, including: Household waste (compostable material, paper, glass, textiles, household chemicals, plastic, water, and e-waste) Industrial waste (metals, building materials, tires, medical, batteries, hazardous mining, and nuclear) Societal waste  (ocean, military, and space) The future of landfills and incinerators Covering all the issues related to waste in one volume helps lead to comparisons, synergistic solutions, and a more informed society. In addition, the book offers the best ways of managing waste problems through recycling, incineration, landfill and other processes.

Key Features

  • Co-author Daniel Vallero interviewed on NBC's Today show for a segment on recycling
  • Scientific and non-biased overviews will assist scientists, technicians, engineers, and government leaders
  • Covers all main types of waste, including household, industrial, and societal
  • Strong focus on management and recycling provides solutions

Readership

Environmental scientists and engineers as well as government officials, waste managers, technicians, and maintenance personnel working in the waste industry.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Prologue

    Contributors

    Introduction

    Chapter 1. Trends in Waste Management

    1. Introduction

    2. The Catalyst for Change

    3. Sustainable Development: The Context for Recycling

    4. Implementation and Progress

    5. Interpretations

    Chapter 2. Green Engineering and Sustainable Design Aspects of Waste Management

    1. Introduction

    2. Paradigm Evolution

    3. Life Cycle Assessment

    4. Sustainability

    5. Conclusions

    Chapter 3. Regulation of Wastes

    1. Introduction

    2. The Growth of Environmental Regulations

    3. Solid and Hazardous Wastes Legislation

    4. Clean Air Legislation

    5. Water Quality Legislation

    6. Environmental Product and Consumer Protection Laws

    7. Waste Regulations in Other Countries

    8. Conclusions

    Chapter 4. Waste Collection

    1. Introduction

    2. Materials Collected

    3. Collection Systems

    4. Modelling Problems and Methods

    5. Data Requirements for Modelling

    6. Example Studies

    7. Conclusion

    Introduction

    Chapter 5. Mine Waste

    1. Origins and Quantities of Mine Waste

    2. Waste Characteristics

    3. Storage of Fine-Grained Wastes

    4. Water Balances for Mine Waste Storages

    5. Safety of Mine Waste Storage Structures During Their Operational Lifetime

    6. Decommissioning, Closing and Rehabilitating Tailings, and Other Mine Waste Storages

    7. Summary

    Chapter 6. Metal Waste

    1. Introduction

    2. Scrap Metals

    3. Management of Metal Waste

    4. Metal Containing Raw Materials for Recycling

    5. Machinery and Processes for Scrap Treatment

    6. Conclusion

    Chapter 7. Radioactive Waste Management

    1. Introduction

    2. Nuclear Waste Treatment and Processing

    3. Geologic Disposal

    4. Conclusions

    Chapter 8. Municipal Waste Management

    1. Introduction

    2. Definition of MSW

    3. MSW Management

    4. MSW Generation

    5. MSW Composition

    6. Treatment and Disposal

    7. Waste Management and Climate Change

    8. MSW Management in Islands and Marine Pollution

    9. Introduction to MSW Policy and Legislation

    Chapter 9. Wastewater

    1. Introduction

    2. High-Tech Systems for Reuse of Wastewater and Nutrients

    3. Urine Diversion with Flush Sanitation

    4. Dry Sanitation/Low-Cost Solutions

    5. Conclusions

    Chapter 10. Recovered Paper

    1. Introduction

    2. Types of Recovered Paper

    3. Processing of Recovered Paper

    4. Barriers to Recovered Paper Use

    5. Conclusions

    Chapter 11. Glass Waste

    1. The Glass Industry

    2. Glass Reuse

    3. Container Glass Recycling Processes

    4. The Future of Glass Recycling

    5. Conclusion

    Chapter 12. Textile Waste

    1. Introduction

    2. Technological, Economical, and Ecological Background

    3. Textile Waste Treatment Scenarios

    4. Discussion

    Chapter 13. Chemicals in Waste: Household Hazardous Waste

    1. Introduction

    2. Sources of HHW

    3. Types and Quantities of HHW

    4. Collection and Disposal Routes

    5. Environmental and Health Risks

    6. Waste Legislation

    7. Management

    8. Conclusions

    Chapter 14. Reusing Nonhazardous Industrial Waste Across Business Clusters

    1. Introduction

    2. Status of NHIW

    3. Industrial Symbiosis

    4. The Pattern of Industrial Symbiosis

    Chapter 15. Construction Waste

    1. Introduction

    2. Concepts and Definitions

    3. Construction Waste Composition and Quantification

    4. Construction Waste Source Evaluation

    5. Construction Waste Management and Minimisation Approaches

    6. Construction Waste Management and Minimisation: The UK Context

    7. Discussion and Conclusions

    Chapter 16. Thermal Waste Treatment

    1. Introduction

    2. Incineration

    3. Types of Thermal Units

    4. Thermal Optimization

    5. Other Thermal Technologies

    6. Conclusions

    Chapter 17. Thermochemical Treatment of Plastic Solid Waste

    1. Introduction

    2. Technologies for PSW Management

    3. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 18. Air Pollution

    1. Introduction

    2. Air Pollution

    3. Scale of the Problem

    4. Air Quality

    5. Air Pollution Control

    6. Air Quality Management

    7. Conclusions

    Chapter 19. Ocean Pollution

    1. Introduction

    2. Sources of Pollutants to Coastal Environments

    3. Trace Metals

    4. Organic Waste

    Chapter 20. Electronic Waste

    1. Introduction

    2. Management of Electronic Waste

    3. Disassembly of Electronic Waste

    4. Recycling Technology of Electronic Waste

    5. Environmental and Health Perspectives Related to Electronic Waste Recycling Activities

    6. Conclusions

    Chapter 21. Tyre Recycling

    1. Introduction

    2. The Tyre: The Raw Material for Recycling

    3. Management of Post-Consumer Tyres

    4. Material Recycling: Treatments and Technologies

    5. Materials Outputs

    6. Traditional and Evolving Markets

    7. Applications and Products

    8. Energy Recovery

    9. The Future

    Chapter 22. Battery Waste

    1. Introduction

    2. Historical Use of Lead

    3. Lead-Acid Battery Life Cycle

    4. LAB Recycling Rate

    5. Opportunities for Lead Recovery

    6. Conclusions

    Chapter 23. Medical Waste

    1. Introduction

    2. Regulations

    3. Definitions of RMW and HCW

    4. Example of Volume of Regulated Facilities in the US State of Michigan

    5. Regulated Facilities and Types of Medical Waste Generated

    6. Approved Methods of Treatment for Medical Waste (United States and Europe)

    7. Conclusions and Future Considerations

    Chapter 24. Agricultural Waste and Pollution

    1. Introduction

    2. Agricultural Waste

    3. Agricultural Pollution

    4. Agriculture and Irrigation

    5. Agriculture and Salinization

    6. Agriculture and Fertilizers

    7. Agriculture and Biocides

    8. Agricultural Waste Management

    9. Agriculture and Climate Change

    10. Agriculture and Biotechnology

    11. The Way Forward

    Chapter 25. Military Solid and Hazardous Wastes—Assessment of Issues at Military Facilities and Base Camps

    1. Introduction

    2. Facilities

    3. Waste Management for Base Camps During Expeditionary, Contingency, and Full Spectrum Operations

    Chapter 26. Space Waste

    1. Introduction

    2. The Current Orbital Debris Environment

    3. Counter Measures

    4. Future Orbital Debris Population and Active Debris Removal

    5. Conclusions

    Chapter 27. Hazardous Wastes

    1. Introduction

    2. Managing Hazardous Wastes

    3. Treatment Technologies

    4. Abandoned Disposal Sites

    5. Conclusions

    Chapter 28. Thermal Pollution

    1. Introduction

    2. Cumulative Effects of Thermal Pollution

    3. Thermochemical Pollution

    4. Conclusions

    Chapter 29. Land Pollution

    1. Introduction

    2. The Land Ethic

    3. The Complaint Paradigm

    4. Addressing Land Pollution

    5. Characterizing Land Pollution

    6. Habitat Loss and Destruction

    7. Waste Sites

    8. Best Practices

    9. Conclusions

    Introduction

    Chapter 30. Landfills – Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

    1. Dumps, Tips, Landfills and Sanitary Landfills

    2. Generation and Characteristics of MSW

    3. The Generation of Gas in Landfilled MSW

    4. The Generation and Pollution Potential of Leachate

    5. The Safety and Stability of Dumps and Landfills

    6. Conclusion

    Chapter 31. Pollution Management and Responsible Care

    1. Introduction

    2. Responsible Care

    3. Toxic Release Inventory

    4. Emission Factors

    5. Preparing Emissions Inventories

    6. Responsible Stewardship

    Chapter 32. Risk Assessment, Management, and Accountability

    1. Introduction

    2. Risk Estimation

    3. Success in Waste Management

    4. Making Decisions

    5. Exposure Estimation

    6. Direct Risk Calculations

    7. Risk-Based Cleanup Standards

    8. Communication

    9. Conclusions

    Epilogue

    Index

    Color Plates

Product details

  • No. of pages: 604
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2011
  • Published: January 20, 2011
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123814760

About the Editors

Trevor Letcher

Trevor Letcher
Professor Letcher was Professor of Chemistry, and Head of Department in South Africa (University of the Witwatersrand, Rhodes University and Natal) (1969 -2004). He has published over 300 papers on chemical thermodynamic topics in peer reviewed journals; and 100 papers in popular science and education journals. He has edited and written 28 books ranging from Future Energy Climate Change, Storing Energy, Wind Energy, Solar Energy, Managing Global Warming and Unraveling Environmental Disasters. He has been awarded gold medals by the South African Institute of Chemistry and the South African Association for the Advancement of Science. He is currently Emeritus Professor at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and living in the United Kingdom.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor, School of Chemistry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Daniel Vallero

Daniel Vallero
Dr. Daniel A. Vallero is an internationally recognized author and expert in environmental science and engineering. He has devoted decades to conducting research, teaching, and mentoring future scientists and engineers. He is currently developing tools and models to predict potential exposures to chemicals in consumer products.

Affiliations and Expertise

Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

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