Waste Incineration Handbook

Waste Incineration Handbook

1st Edition - October 7, 1992

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  • Author: Paul Cheremisinoff
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483161266

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Description

Waste Incineration Handbook discusses the basic concepts and data on wastes combustion, including the management of waste incineration as a means to control pollution, as well as the process technologies involved. The book reviews the combustion principles such as fuel-to-air ratio, the products of combustion, material and thermal balances. Incineration produces emissions in the form of particulate matter, odorous or noxious gases. Conventional particle capturing devices use gravity settling, inertia or momentum, filtration or electrostatic precipitation, and agglomeration via sonic mechanical means to facilitate removal by increasing particle size. Secondary combustion with or without catalysts, and wet scrubbing control are methods to control or eliminate objectionable odors. The design and operation of an efficient incinerator is based on proper proportions of air and fuel; sufficient temperature; adequate furnace volume; constant maintenance of ignition temperatures; and minimized fly-ash entrainment. The text also discusses on-site incineration and incineration at sea. The book is suitable for economists, environmentalists, ecologists, marine ecologists, and policy makers involved in environmental preservation and pollution control.

Table of Contents


  • Preface vii

    1. Combustion Principles

    Principles

    Fuel-to-Air Ratio

    Material and Thermal Balances

    Combustion Calculations

    Burning with Sufficient Air

    Air and Gas Weight Determination

    Products of Combustion

    Combustion

    Solid Waste as a Potential Fuel

    References

    2. Particulate Capture

    Effect of Brownian Motion

    Particle Agglomeration

    Particle Adhesion

    Impingement

    Wet Scrubbers

    Air Emissions

    References

    3. Incinerator Types

    Incinerator Configurations

    Pyrolysis (Air-Starved) Incineration

    Multiple-Hearth Furnance

    Fluidized Bed

    Liquid-Waste Incinerators

    Gas Incinerators

    Rotary kilns

    Wet-Air Oxidation

    Molten-Salt Incinerators

    Multiple-Chamber Incinerators

    Ship-Mounted Incinerators

    Industrial Boilers

    4. Design Aspects

    Ignition Chamber

    Length-to-Width Ratios

    Arch Height

    Grate Loading

    Secondary Combustion Chamber

    Combustion Air

    Auxiliary Heat

    Stack Draught

    Design Calculations

    Gas Scrubbers

    Refractory Walls, Linings and Insulations

    Notations

    References

    5. Incineration and Thermal Treatment Technology

    Treatment or Destruction

    Thermal Destruction

    Plasma Technology Developments

    On-Site Incineration - Case History

    Waste Oils/Solvents Disposal

    Market Needs

    Design Requirements

    Burn Data/Analytical Requirements/Monitoring

    Incineration at Sea

    Process and Equipment Availability

    6. Flare gas Control

    Over of Flaring

    Causes and Prevention of Overpressure

    Design Methodology for Collection Systems

    Design Methodology for Condensate Removal

    Seal Systems

    Flare Burners

    Safety Considerations for Flaring

    Notation

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 160
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1992
  • Published: October 7, 1992
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483161266

About the Author

Paul Cheremisinoff

Affiliations and Expertise

The late Paul N. Cheremisinoff, P.E., was a professor of civil and environmental engineering at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. Professor Cheremisinoff had more than 40 years of experience in research, design, and consulting for a wide range of government and industrial organizations. He was author and co-author of numerous papers and books on energy, resources, and the environment, and was a licensed professional engineer. He was a member of Sigma Xi and Tau Beta Pi, and a Diplomate of the American Academy of Environmental Engineers.

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