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Preface(B. De Vivo).
1. The volcanological history of the volcanoes of Naples: a review (R. Scandone, L. Giacomelli, F. Fattori Speranza).
2. The Pleistocene extension of the Campania Plain in the framework of the southern Tyrrhennian tectonic evolution: morphotectonic analysis, kinematic model and implications for volcanism (E. Turco et al.).
3. Rapid changes of the accomodation space in the Late Quaternari succession of Naples Bay, Italy: the influence of volcanism and tectonics (A. Milia et al.).
4. Gravitational instability of submarine volcanoes offshore Campi Flegrei (Naples Bay, Italy) (A. Milia, M.M. Torrente, F. Giordano).
5. The Campi Flegrei caldera boundary in the city of Naples (A. Perrotta et al.).
6. The Late-Holocene evolution of the Miseno area (south-western Campi Flegrei) as inferred by stratigraphy, petrochemistry and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology (D. Insinga et al.).
7. Magmatic-hydrothermal fluid interaction and mineralization in alkali-syenite nodules from the Breccia Museo pyroclastic deposit, Naples, Italy (L. Fedele et al.).
8. Structural control on the Upper Pleistocene ignimbrite eruptions in the Neapolitan area (Italy): volcano tectonic faults versus caldera faults (F. Bellucci et al.).
9. The magma feeling system of Somma-Vesuvius (Italy) strato-volcano; new inferences from a review of geochemical and Sr, Nd, Pb and O isotope data (M. Piochi, B. De Vivo, R.A. Ayuso).
10. Input of deep-seated volatile-rich magmas and dynamics of violent strombolian eruptions at Vesuvius (A. Cecchetti et al.).
11. The role of sulfur in promoting magmatic degassing and volcanic eruption at Mt. Somma-Vesuvius (J.D. Webster, M.F. Sintoni, B. De Vivo).
12. Influence of hydrothermal processes on geochemical variations between 79 AD and 1944 AD vesuvius eruptions (A. Lima et al.).
13. Petrogenesis of the Campanian Ignimbrite: implications for crystal-melt separation and open-system processes from major and trace elements and Th isotope data (W.A. Bohrson et al.).
14. A hydrothermal model for ground movements (bradyseism) at Campi Flegrei, Italy (B. De Vivo, A. Lima).
The book deals with the study of three important volcanisms in the Campania Plain: Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei and Ignimbrites. The knowledge of the volcanic evolution of Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei has a particular relevance because of the hazards that these volcanoes pose to the about 1.5 million people living in the Neapolitan area.
The contributors to the volume bring new data (experiments on volatile solubility, fluid-melt inclusions, tectonic, geophysical, isotope, geochronology), which are helpful in the creation of new models for a better understanding of the behaviour of the volcanic systems. In particular a hydrothermal model is used to explain the ground movements (bradyseism) at Campi Flegrei. To develop such a model, the authors use an analogue for the evolving Campi Flegrei sub-volcanic system, the model of the porphyry mineralized systems. For Campanian Ignimbrite the authors highlight the impact crystal-liquid separation has on melt compositional evolution and particularly focus on trace element and Th isotope evidence for open-system processes in the magma body associated with the Campanian Ignimbrite.
The authors, for their interpretations, utilize thermodynamic and quantitative mass balance modelling of major and trace element data and semi-quantitative limits on Th and Sr isotopes to evaluate the role of crytal-melt separation, magma-fluid interaction, and assimilation of wallrock on the geochemical evolution of the Campamian Ignimbrite.
researchers, PhD students making research not only specifically on the volcanism of the Campania Plain, but as well on similar potassic volcanism occurring in other areas of the world.
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier Science 2006
- 22nd May 2006
- Elsevier Science
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Benedetto De Vivo studied at the University of Napoli Federico II and graduated from there in Geological Sciences. After graduation he worked as consulting geologist for private companies operating in Italy, Africa and Central America in the field of ore deposits, geochemical prospecting, environmental geology and hydrogeology. Later, he was an Associate Professor in Applied Geochemistry at University of Napoli Federico II, and in 2000 he became a Full Professor in Geochemistry at the same University. B. De Vivo served as a research fellow at the Colorado School of Mines in 1978 and with the United States Geological Survey, Reston, VA, in 1982 and 1992. He was invited to serve as a visiting scientist at the Geological Survey of Japan, in 1990 by the EC-Japan Centre for Industrial Cooperation. He has been Chairman of the Working Group “Inclusions in Minerals” of the International Mineralogical Association, has been member of the Editorial Board of Geochemistry – Exploration, Environment, Analysis (2004-2007). At present is a member of the Board of Associate Editors (since 1996) of Mineralogy and Petrology, Associate Editor of American Mineralogist since 2012 and is Chief Editor of Journal of Geochemical Exploration since 2007. He has been a member of different Experts Government Committees for base-metal mining research activities and for the remediation of industrial sites in Italy. His current research interests span a wide range of topics including geochemical prospecting, fluid and melt inclusions studies applied mostly to study volcanic and sub-volcanic systems, and environmental geochemistry. B. De Vivo has published 190 papers (most of them on top internationally referred journals) and has edited different special volumes of J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., Eur. J. Miner., Inst. Mining and Metallurgy, and Mineralogy and Petrology; he is author of 4 text books (in Italian) in geochemical prospecting and environmental geochemistry. In 2001 was nominated as Fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America for “his outstanding contributions to the fields of mineralogy, crystallography, geochemistry and petrology”; in 2006 was appointed as an Adjunct Professor of the Department of Geosciences at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA. Selected in a list of 5 elegible, by a Committee of Wises, as a candidate for the nomination by the Ministry of University and Research (MIUR) to the Presidency of Institute National of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV).
Benedetto De Vivo is a full professor of Exploration and Environmental Geochemistry at Pegaso On-Line University, Napoli, Italy; Adjunct Professor at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA; Nanjing Univ. and Hubei Polytecnic Univ, Huangshi, China.
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