Vistas in Astronomy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483200101, 9781483225135

Vistas in Astronomy

1st Edition

Editors: Arthur Beer
eBook ISBN: 9781483225135
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1960
Page Count: 792
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Vistas in Astronomy, Volume 1: Co-operation and Organization, History and Philosophy, Dynamics, Theoretical Astrophysics, Instruments, Radio Astronomy, Solar Physics brings together the ideas that form the structural units of what is known about astronomy. This book is organized into seven sections encompassing 93 chapters. Section I provides a summary of the significant contributions of international cooperation and various astronomy-related organizations in the advancement of astronomy. Section II highlights the historical developments in astronomy, from the early studies of the Egyptians to the formulation of philosophical concepts of cosmology. Sections III and IV describes the dynamic and theoretical aspects of astrophysics. These sections consider research studies on stellar dynamics, atmospheres, and magnetic fields, as well as the formation of condensation in a gaseous nebula. Part V is devoted o the developments in telescope optics and mirrors, spectrographs, electronic calculating machines, and photometers, while Section VI examines the field of radio astronomy. Part VII looks into solar physics related studies, including the structure and movements of sunspots, eclipse observation, and spectroscopic investigations of the solar corona. This book is of great value to astronomers, astrophysicists, solar physicists, and researchers in the allied fields.

Table of Contents


Hommage Respectueux, Cordial, et Reconnaissant à Monsieur le Professeur F. J . M. Strattoni Planet 1942 XB = "Strattonia"

1. Co-operation and Organization

International Co-operation in Astronomy

The International Astronomical Union

The International Astronomical News Service

The Committee for the Distribution of Astronomical Literature and the Astronomical News Letters

Some Problems of International Co-operation in Geophysics

Some Educational Aspects of Astronomy

Recollections of Seventy Years of Scientific Work

Astronomical Recollections

2. History and Philosophy

The Egyptian "Decans"

The Astral Religion of Antiquity and the "Thinking Machines" of Today

Ptolemy's Precession

A Medieval Footnote to Ptolemaic Precession

The Peking Observatory in A.D. 1280 and the Development of the Equatorial Mounting

The Mercury Horoscope of Marcantonio Michiel of Venice: a Study in the History of Renaissance Astrology and Astronomy

Observatories and Instrument Makers in the Eighteenth Century

The Radcliffe Observatory

A System of Quantitative Astronomical Observations

Fact and Inference in Theory and in Observation

Philosophical Aspects of Cosmology

Modern Cosmology and the Theologians

3. Dynamics

Vistas in Celestial Mechanics

An Introduction to the Eclipse Moon

The Moon's Principal Librations in Rectangular Co-ordinates

A General Expression for a Lagrangian Bracket

The Role of Cracovians in Astronomy

Regularization of the Three-Body Problem

Recent Developments in Stellar Dynamics

"Intrinsic" Studies of Stellar Movements in the Milky Way

The K-Effect in Stellar Motions

On the Empirical Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity

4. Theoretical Astrophysics

Fraunhofer Lines and the Structure of Stellar Atmospheres

On the Formation of Condensations in a Gaseous Nebula

The Calculation of Atomic Transition Probabilities

Atomic Collision Processes in Astrophysics

Energy Production in Stars

The Effective Pressure Exerted by a Gas in Turbulent Motion

"Turbulence," Kinetic Temperature, and Electron Temperature in Stellar Atmospheres

The Intensity of Emission Lines in Stellar Spectra

Dynamo Theories of Cosmic Magnetic Fields

On the Interpretation of Stellar Magnetic Fields

Theories of Variable Stellar Magnetic Fields

Theories of Interstellar Polarization

The Gravitational Instability of an Infinite Homogeneous Medium When a Coriolis Acceleration is Acting

5. Instruments

Modern Developments in Telescope Optics

Thermal Distortions of Telescope Mirrors and their Correction

On the Interferometric Measurement of Small Angular Distances

Partially Coherent Optical Fields

On a Possible Improvement of Michelson's Method for the Determination of Stellar Diameters in Poor Visibility

Astronomical Spectrographs: Past, Present and Future

Spectroscopy with the Echelle

Comparison of the Efficiency of Prism and Grating Spectrographs

Optical Systems Mmployed in Spectroheliographs

The Solar Installation of Dunsink Observatory

Quartz Crystal Clocks

A Rapid Method of Obtaining Positions from Wide-Angle Plates

Nomograms in Astronomy

The Use of Electronic Calculating Machines in Astronomy

Air Disturbance in Reflectors

Photoelectric Devices in Astronomy

The Development of Photoelectric Photometry

On the Application of the Photomultiplier to Astronomical Photometry

On Ideal Reception of Photons and the Electron Telescope

Indirect Methods of Star Counting

6. Radio Astronomy

Solar Radio Eclipse Observations

The Application of Interferometric Methods in Radio Astronomy

Large Radio Telescopes and their use in Radio Astronomy

Positional Radio-Astronomy and the Identification of Some of the Radio Stars

Australian Work on Radio Stars

Outbursts of Radio Noise from the Sun

Radio Echo Studies of Meteors

The Scintillation of Radio Stars

Measures of the 21-cm Line Emitted by Interstellar Hydrogen

7. Solar Physics

Early Solar Research at Mount Wilson

Thirty Years of Solar Work at Arcetri

Some Problems of the International Solar Survey

Physical Conditions in the Solar Photosphere

Infra-Red Fraunhofer Lines and Photospheric Structure

Temperature at the Poles and at the Equator of the Sun

The Lineage of the Great Sunspots

The Structure of Sunspots

The Magnetic Fields of Sunspots

On Mean Latitudinal Movements of Sunspots

The Evolution of Solar Prominences

Investigations of Flares and Prominences at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory

Eclipse Observing

Recent Eclipse Work in Japan

The Widths of Narrow Lines in the Spectrum of the Low Chromosphere, Measured at the Total Eclipse of 1952 February 25

The Excitation Temperature of the Solar Chromosphere Determined from Molecular Spectra

Solar Work and Plans in Egypt

Spectroscopic Studies of the Solar Corona

Coronagraphic Work at Moderate Altitude Above Sea Level

Spectroscopic Measurements of Magnetic Fields on the Sun


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About the Editor

Arthur Beer