Vistas in Astronomy

Vistas in Astronomy

First published on January 1, 1960

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  • Editor: Arthur Beer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483225135

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Vistas in Astronomy, Volume 1: Co-operation and Organization, History and Philosophy, Dynamics, Theoretical Astrophysics, Instruments, Radio Astronomy, Solar Physics brings together the ideas that form the structural units of what is known about astronomy. This book is organized into seven sections encompassing 93 chapters. Section I provides a summary of the significant contributions of international cooperation and various astronomy-related organizations in the advancement of astronomy. Section II highlights the historical developments in astronomy, from the early studies of the Egyptians to the formulation of philosophical concepts of cosmology. Sections III and IV describes the dynamic and theoretical aspects of astrophysics. These sections consider research studies on stellar dynamics, atmospheres, and magnetic fields, as well as the formation of condensation in a gaseous nebula. Part V is devoted o the developments in telescope optics and mirrors, spectrographs, electronic calculating machines, and photometers, while Section VI examines the field of radio astronomy. Part VII looks into solar physics related studies, including the structure and movements of sunspots, eclipse observation, and spectroscopic investigations of the solar corona. This book is of great value to astronomers, astrophysicists, solar physicists, and researchers in the allied fields.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    Hommage Respectueux, Cordial, et Reconnaissant à Monsieur le Professeur F. J . M. Strattoni Planet 1942 XB = "Strattonia"

    1. Co-operation and Organization

    International Co-operation in Astronomy

    The International Astronomical Union

    The International Astronomical News Service

    The Committee for the Distribution of Astronomical Literature and the Astronomical News Letters

    Some Problems of International Co-operation in Geophysics

    Some Educational Aspects of Astronomy

    Recollections of Seventy Years of Scientific Work

    Astronomical Recollections

    2. History and Philosophy

    The Egyptian "Decans"

    The Astral Religion of Antiquity and the "Thinking Machines" of Today

    Ptolemy's Precession

    A Medieval Footnote to Ptolemaic Precession

    The Peking Observatory in A.D. 1280 and the Development of the Equatorial Mounting

    The Mercury Horoscope of Marcantonio Michiel of Venice: a Study in the History of Renaissance Astrology and Astronomy

    Observatories and Instrument Makers in the Eighteenth Century

    The Radcliffe Observatory

    A System of Quantitative Astronomical Observations

    Fact and Inference in Theory and in Observation

    Philosophical Aspects of Cosmology

    Modern Cosmology and the Theologians

    3. Dynamics

    Vistas in Celestial Mechanics

    An Introduction to the Eclipse Moon

    The Moon's Principal Librations in Rectangular Co-ordinates

    A General Expression for a Lagrangian Bracket

    The Role of Cracovians in Astronomy

    Regularization of the Three-Body Problem

    Recent Developments in Stellar Dynamics

    "Intrinsic" Studies of Stellar Movements in the Milky Way

    The K-Effect in Stellar Motions

    On the Empirical Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity

    4. Theoretical Astrophysics

    Fraunhofer Lines and the Structure of Stellar Atmospheres

    On the Formation of Condensations in a Gaseous Nebula

    The Calculation of Atomic Transition Probabilities

    Atomic Collision Processes in Astrophysics

    Energy Production in Stars

    The Effective Pressure Exerted by a Gas in Turbulent Motion

    "Turbulence," Kinetic Temperature, and Electron Temperature in Stellar Atmospheres

    The Intensity of Emission Lines in Stellar Spectra

    Dynamo Theories of Cosmic Magnetic Fields

    On the Interpretation of Stellar Magnetic Fields

    Theories of Variable Stellar Magnetic Fields

    Theories of Interstellar Polarization

    The Gravitational Instability of an Infinite Homogeneous Medium When a Coriolis Acceleration is Acting

    5. Instruments

    Modern Developments in Telescope Optics

    Thermal Distortions of Telescope Mirrors and their Correction

    On the Interferometric Measurement of Small Angular Distances

    Partially Coherent Optical Fields

    On a Possible Improvement of Michelson's Method for the Determination of Stellar Diameters in Poor Visibility

    Astronomical Spectrographs: Past, Present and Future

    Spectroscopy with the Echelle

    Comparison of the Efficiency of Prism and Grating Spectrographs

    Optical Systems Mmployed in Spectroheliographs

    The Solar Installation of Dunsink Observatory

    Quartz Crystal Clocks

    A Rapid Method of Obtaining Positions from Wide-Angle Plates

    Nomograms in Astronomy

    The Use of Electronic Calculating Machines in Astronomy

    Air Disturbance in Reflectors

    Photoelectric Devices in Astronomy

    The Development of Photoelectric Photometry

    On the Application of the Photomultiplier to Astronomical Photometry

    On Ideal Reception of Photons and the Electron Telescope

    Indirect Methods of Star Counting

    6. Radio Astronomy

    Solar Radio Eclipse Observations

    The Application of Interferometric Methods in Radio Astronomy

    Large Radio Telescopes and their use in Radio Astronomy

    Positional Radio-Astronomy and the Identification of Some of the Radio Stars

    Australian Work on Radio Stars

    Outbursts of Radio Noise from the Sun

    Radio Echo Studies of Meteors

    The Scintillation of Radio Stars

    Measures of the 21-cm Line Emitted by Interstellar Hydrogen

    7. Solar Physics

    Early Solar Research at Mount Wilson

    Thirty Years of Solar Work at Arcetri

    Some Problems of the International Solar Survey

    Physical Conditions in the Solar Photosphere

    Infra-Red Fraunhofer Lines and Photospheric Structure

    Temperature at the Poles and at the Equator of the Sun

    The Lineage of the Great Sunspots

    The Structure of Sunspots

    The Magnetic Fields of Sunspots

    On Mean Latitudinal Movements of Sunspots

    The Evolution of Solar Prominences

    Investigations of Flares and Prominences at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory

    Eclipse Observing

    Recent Eclipse Work in Japan

    The Widths of Narrow Lines in the Spectrum of the Low Chromosphere, Measured at the Total Eclipse of 1952 February 25

    The Excitation Temperature of the Solar Chromosphere Determined from Molecular Spectra

    Solar Work and Plans in Egypt

    Spectroscopic Studies of the Solar Corona

    Coronagraphic Work at Moderate Altitude Above Sea Level

    Spectroscopic Measurements of Magnetic Fields on the Sun

Product details

  • No. of pages: 792
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1960
  • Published: January 1, 1960
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483225135

About the Editor

Arthur Beer

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