Viruses and Environment - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124297661, 9780323143271

Viruses and Environment

1st Edition

Editors: Edouard Kurstak
eBook ISBN: 9780323143271
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1978
Page Count: 696
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Description

Viruses and Environment contains the proceedings of the Third International Conference on Comparative Virology, held at Mont Gabriel, Quebec, Canada on May 1977. The primary focus of the conference is the ecology of viruses, that is, the interrelationships between organisms and their environment.
Organized into seven parts with a total of 33 chapters, this book centers on the impact of viruses on the environment; the persistent virus infections of man, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and plants; and the smallest disease agents, the viroids. In particular, this book describes the reservoirs of viruses, such as arthropod vectors, water, cultivated plants, and wild animals; safety considerations concerning the use of live virus vaccines; and the viral insecticides. The use of bacterial viruses in genetic engineering is also addressed. This treatise will be valuable to research workers in medical and biomedical fields; biological control; and animal and plant quarantine. It will also benefit the university teachers and graduate students.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Acknowledgments

Part I Viruses, Cancer, and Environment

1 Cancer, Viruses, and Environmental Factors

2 Epstein-Ban- Virus and Human Cancers: A Multidisciplinary Epidemiological Approach

3 Persistent Herpesvirus Infection and Cancer

4 Leukemia, Environmental Factors, and Viruses

Part II Persistent Viral Infections in Man, Animals, Insects, and Plants

5 Unconventional Viruses Causing the Spongiform Virus Encephalopathies. A Fruitless Search for the Coat and Core

6 The Enigma of Multiple Sclerosis

7 Viroids: Persistence in Plants, Evolution, and Possible Animal and Human Disease Agents

8 Recent Developments in Human Viral Hepatitis

9 Persistent Cytomegalovirus Infections in Man and in Mice—Role of Lymphocytes

10 Arenaviruses: Persistent Infection and Viral Survival in Reservoir Hosts

11 Persistent Togavirus Infection of Aedes Albopictus Cells

Part III Reservoirs, Vectors, and Transmission of Viruses

12 Water as a Reservoir of Viruses in Nature and Means for Control

13 Sexually Transmitted Viruses

14 Natural Life Cycle of Arthropod-Borne Togaviruses: Inferences from Cell Culture Models

15 Foot-and-Mouth Disease: World-Wide Impact and Control Measures

16 Aphid-Borne Viruses: Ecological and Environmental Aspects

Part IV Viral Variations: Molecular And Epidemiological Aspects

17 Pandemic Influenza: Molecular and Ecological Determinants

18 Circulation of Influenza Viruses in Natural Biocoenosis

19 ts Mutants of Vaccinia Virus: Biochemical and Biological Defectiveness

20 Application of Serological, Virological, and Genetic Marker Studies for the Determination of Virus Distribution

21 Plant Virus Mutants

22 Phenotypic Mixing Among Type-C Viruses: Mechanism for Virus Spread, Somatic Mutation, and Oncogenesis

Part V Virus Vaccines: Principles and Safety

23 Principles of Vaccinology in the Control of Virus Diseases: Poliomyelitis

24 The Use of Virus Vaccines to Control Animal Diseases

25 Nonspecific Interaction of Some Toga- and Bunyaviruses and Flavivirus Vaccines with Immunocompetent Cells

26 Immune Mechanisms and Disease Response in a Virus Disease of Carcinus

27 Viruses as Plant Disease Agents and Plant Protection Tools

Part VI Viral Biocontrol: Safety Considerations

28 Myxoma Virus and Myxomatosis in Retrospect: The First Quarter Century of a New Disease

29 Safety Considerations and Development Problems Make an Ecological Approach of Biocontrol by Viral Insecticides Imperative

30 Public Health Considerations for the Use of Viruses to Control Vectors of Human Diseases

Part VII Safety of Genetic Engineering with Viral Vectors

31 Coliphage ë as a Safe Vector for Recombinant DNA Experiments

32 Naturally Occurring Insertions of Nonhomologous DNA in a Bacterial Virus

33 Reassortment of Genes between Reoviruses

Index


Details

No. of pages:
696
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1978
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323143271

About the Editor

Edouard Kurstak