Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128164549

Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism

1st Edition

Geology, Petrology, and Related Risk

Editors: Benedetto De Vivo H.E. Belkin G. Rolandi
Paperback ISBN: 9780128164549
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st October 2019
Page Count: 500
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Description

Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism: Geology, Petrology, and Related Risk communicates the state of the art scientific knowledge on past and active volcanism in one area characterized by elevated risk due to the high-density population living around the slopes of Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei and the Campanian Ignimbrite.

Eruptions, lahars, poisonous gas clouds, etc. have killed many thousands of people over recorded history. But volcanoes have given people their products of ash and lava that produces some of the most fertile soil known in agriculture. The volcanic pyroclastics and various lava types easily break down and supply various crops with many essential nutrients, such as potash and phosphorous. Volcanic areas that tend to remain dormant, but not extinct, relative to human generational timespan are the most troublesome. As the volcanic products weather and fertile soil develops, agriculture, intensive farming and communities populate their slopes. Such is the case with the volcanoes of southern Italy. Naples and surrounding area, in particular, situated between Vesuvius and the Campi Flegrei volcanic area has a population in excess of 4 million people. The volcanic areas that have similarly large populations in proximity to dormant but hazardous volcanoes are for example, Indonesia and Central America.

The research presented in Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism: Geology, Petrology, and Related Risk is useful for policy makers and researchers from these and other countries looking for risk assessment and volcanic evolution models that they can apply to similar situations around the world.

Key Features

  • Covers the fundamental science of volcanoes, including new developments in the last decade related to the use of crystals and melt inclusions to model the nature and evolution of volatiles
  • Includes latest research on volcanism in Southern Italy, presented as a case study for active and inactive volcanoes across the globe
  • Presents research that is applicable around the world, for people, scientists, and policy makers living on or near active volcanoes

Readership

Volcanologists, geologists, geochemists, geophysicists, and seismologists

Table of Contents

  1. The volcanological history of Campania volcanism 
    Benedetto De Vivo
    2. The contributions and influence of two Americans, H.S. Washington and F.A. Perret, to the study of Italian volcanism with emphasis on Neapolitan volcanoes 
    Harvey E. Belkin and Tom Gidwitz
    3. Kinematic framework of the Tyrrhenian-Apennine system and consequences for Camapian magmatism 
    Eugenio Turco
    4. Lithosphere structural model of the Campania 
    Concettina Nunziata
    5. Campanian volcanoes: petrology, geochemistry and geodynamic implications 
    Angelo Peccerillo
    6. Tracing magma evolution at Vesuvius volcano using melt inclusions: a review 
    Claudia Cannatelli
    7. Magmatism of the Phlegrean Volcanic Fields as revealed by melt inclusions 
    Rosario Esposito
    8. The 39 ka Campanian Ignimbrite eruption: new data on volcanic source area in the Campanian Plain 
    Giuseppe Rolandi
    9. Effects of the paleomorphology on facies distribution of the Campanian Ignimbrite in the northern Campanian Plain
    Daniela Ruberti
    10. Petrogenesis of the Campanian Ignimbrites: a review 
    Sarah Jane Fowler
    11. The 15 ka Neapolitan Yellow Tuff eruption: an analysis of the caldera-forming phase and the post-caldera volcanic activity 
    Giuseppe Rolandi
    12. Pre-volcanic, syn-volcanic and post-volcanic extensional faulting in the Campania margin 
    Alfonsa Milia
    13. Petrologic experimental data on Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei: a review 
    Michael Robert Carroll
    14. Hydrothermal vs Magmatic: Geochemical clues into the unrest dilemma at Campi Flegrei 
    Roberto Moretti
    15. Bradyseism at Campi Flegrei: a review 
    Claudia Cannatelli and Benedetto De Vivo
    16. The Holocene marine record of unrest, volcanism and hydrothermal activity of Campi Flegrei and Vesuvius 
    Marco Sacchi
    17. Volcanological risk associated with Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei 
    Giuseppe Rolandi and Benedetto De Vivo

Details

No. of pages:
500
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2020
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Paperback ISBN:
9780128164549

About the Editor

Benedetto De Vivo

Benedetto De Vivo studied at the Univ. of Napoli Federico II and graduated (Laurea). From 1976 to 1987, he was a Researcher at CNR, Rome; from 1987 to 2000, he was Associate Professor in Applied Geochem. at Univ. of Napoli Federico II; from 2000 to present he has been a Full Professor in Geochemistry at the same University. He has been Chairman of the Working Group “Inclusions in Minerals” of the Intern. Miner. Assoc., has been a member of the Editorial Board of Geochemistry - Exploration, Environment, Analysis (2004-2007), Assoc. Edit. of Amer. Mineral. (2012-13) and of Mineralogy & Petrology (1996-2016). Chief Editor of J. Geoch. Explor. (Elsevier) from 2007 to 2016; and Co-EiC of Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, from 2017. He has published more than 250 papers (most of them on top internationally refereed journals); 30 educational publications; 30 Monographs; and has edited 36 special volumes of J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., Eur. J. Miner., Inst. Mining and Metallurgy, Mineral and Petrol; J. Geochem Explor., and others; 7 text books (in Italian) in geochemical prospecting and environmental geochemistry. In 2001, he became a Fellow of the Mineral. Soc. America; in 2006, he served as Adjunct Professor of the Dept of Geosciences at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA. In 2016, he was Adjunct Professor at Nanjing University, China.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Geochemistry, University of Naples Federico II, Italy

H.E. Belkin

Harvey E. Belkin is currently a Research Geologist Emeritus for the U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, USA. After a career of more than 45 years, the position of Emeritus allows continued research. After majoring in geology and geochemistry at Franklin and Marshall College and George Washington University, he joined the Branch of Experimental Mineralogy and Geochemistry, USGS. During the early part of his career, he applied the study of aqueous and silicate-melt inclusions to address problems in a wide variety of earth environments, such as ore deposits, radioactive waste disposal, and volcanology. The latter part of this career involved human health issues related to domestic use of coal and other earth materials as well as continued research in different aspects of mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, and volcanology. The author or co-author of more than 150 peer-reviewed papers, more than 200 presentations, and editor or co-editor more than 20 books and abstract volumes, Harvey Belkin continues research in a wide variety of geologic problems, especially the petrology, mineralogy, and geochemistry of Italian volcanism.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Geologist Emeritus, U.S. Geological Survey, USA

G. Rolandi

Giuseppe Rolandi studied at the Univ. of Napoli Federico II and graduated (Laurea) in 1971. From 1972 to 1976 he was a Researcher Assistant; from 1976 to 1980 he was Associate Professor in Petrography; from 1980-1996 he was Associate Professor in Mineralogy; from 1996 to 2003 he was Associate Professor in Volcanology; from 2007 to 2012 he was Full Professor in Volcanology at the same University of Napoli Federico II. In 1981 he was at University of Cambridge, U.K, Department of Earth Science; from 1989 to 1990 he served as a Lecturer of Volcanology, Petrography, Geochemistry for geosciences at University of Addis Ababa (Ethiopia). He has published more than 80 papers on Campi Flegrei and Somma-Vesuvius active volcanoes (most of them in top internationally refereed journals); as well as 10 educational publications and monographs.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Volcanology, University of Naples Federico II, Italy

Ratings and Reviews