Venoms of the Hymenoptera

Venoms of the Hymenoptera

Biochemical, Pharmacological and Behavioural Aspects

1st Edition - January 28, 1986

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  • Editor: Tom Piek
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263700

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Venoms of the Hymenoptera: Biochemical, Pharmacological, and Behavioral Aspects contains papers that deals with the study of the venoms and toxins produced by insects belonging to the order of the Hymenoptera. The book provides a considerable amount of information in the study of the venoms of the Hymenoptera. There are chapters that focus on the history of the research made on the order of the Hymenoptera; the stinging apparatus; venom collection; physiological effects of venoms produced by particular insects belonging to the order; and the pharmacological uses of the venoms and toxins. Entomologists, physiologists, pharmacologists, biochemists, and researchers developing drugs and pesticides will find this text extremely useful.

Table of Contents

  • Contents



    1 Historical Introduction



    2 Morphology of the Venom Apparatus

    I. Morphology of the Cuticular Parts

    II. Morphology of the Glandular Parts

    III. Structure and Histochemistry of Venom Glands


    3 Methods for the Collection of Venom

    I. Introduction

    II. Brief Descriptions of the Methods of Venom Collection

    III. Conclusions


    4 Stinging Behaviour of Solitary Wasps

    I. Introduction

    II. Observations on Stinging in Selected Groups of Wasps

    III. Analysis of Stinging Characteristics, Effects and Contexts: Proximate Factors

    IV. Diversity of Wasp-prey Systems, Selection Pressures: Ultimate Factors

    V. Conclusion


    5 Chemistry and Pharmacology of Solitary Wasp Venoms

    I. Introduction

    II. Diversity of Solitary Wasp Venoms

    III. Pharmacology of Solitary Wasp Venoms

    IV. Conclusion


    6 Pharmacological Biochemistry of Vespid Venoms

    I. Introduction

    II. Active Amines in Vespid Venoms

    III. Pain-producing Peptides (Wasp Kinins)

    IV. Histamine-releasing Peptides (Mastoparans)

    V. Vespid Chemotactic Peptides

    VI. Allergens

    VII. Neurotoxins

    VIII. Conclusion


    7 Chemistry and Pharmacology of Honey-bee Venom

    I. Introduction

    II. Sources of Venom and Methods of Collection

    III. Isolation of Individual Components

    IV. Enzymes

    V. Peptide Components

    VI. Nonpeptide Components of Low Molecular Mass

    VII. Conclusion


    8 Venoms of Bumble-bees and Carpenter-bees

    I. Introduction

    II. Bumble-bee Venoms

    III. Carpenter-bee Venom


    9 Chemistry, Pharmacology, and Chemical Ecology of Ant Venoms

    I. The Chemical and Toxinological World of Ants

    II. Taxonomy

    III. Biological Roles of Ant Venoms

    IV. Ant Venom Collection and Purity

    V. Venom Biochemistry and Chemistry

    VI. Physiological and Pharmacological Activities of Ant Venoms

    VII. Potential Pharmacological and Physiological Uses of Venoms

    VIII. A Caveat: Ant Venoms and People

    IX. Ants: Venom Chemists and Toxinologists par Excellence


    10 Allergy to Hymenoptera Venoms

    I. Humans and Hymenoptera Venoms

    II. Stings and Statistics

    III. Psychological Aspects

    IV. Historical Perspectives

    V. Biochemistry of Venom Allergens

    VI. Cross-reactivity between Taxa

    VII. Reactions to Hymenoptera Stings and Clinical Symptoms of Venom Hypersensitivity

    VIII. Treatment of Hypersensitivity Problems

    IX. References


Product details

  • No. of pages: 580
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1986
  • Published: January 28, 1986
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483263700

About the Editor

Tom Piek

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