Venomous Animals and Their Venoms

Venomous Animals and Their Venoms

Venomous Invertebrates

1st Edition - January 28, 1971

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  • Editors: Wolfgang Bücherl, Eleanor E. Buckley
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262895

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Description

Venomous Animals and their Venoms, Volume III: Venomous Invertebrates provides a comprehensive presentation of the entire field of the venomous members of the animal kingdom and chemistry and biochemistry of their venoms, including their pharmacological actions and antigenic properties. This volume focuses on venomous invertebrates, such as insects, centipedes, spiders, scorpions, venomous mollusks, and marine animals. Animals that possess at least one or more venom glands and mechanisms for excretion or extrusion of the venom, as well as apparatus with which to inflict wounds or inject the venomous substances are characterized in this book as “actively venomous”, while creatures that have venom glands and venom-excreting ducts, but lack adequate apparatus for inflicting wounds or injecting venom, such as toads, frogs, and salamanders are identified as “passively venomous.” This publication is a valuable reference for physicians and veterinarians seeking information on the injuries caused by venomous animals.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    Introduction

    Venomous Insects

    Chapter 44. Morphology and Function of the Venom Apparatus of Insects—Bees, Wasps, Ants, and Caterpillars

    I. Introduction

    II. The Sting Apparatus of Aculeate Hymenoptera

    III. The Urticating Hairs of Lepidopterous Larvae

    References

    Chapter 45. Chemistry, Pharmacology, and Toxicology of Bee, Wasp, and Hornet Venoms

    I. Introductory Remarks

    II. Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Single Venom Constituents

    III. Possible Hazards for Man and Their Prevention

    References

    Chapter 46. The Venomous Ants of the Genus Solenopsis

    I. Introduction

    II. Systematics

    III. Biological Cycle of Solenopsis Saevissima Richten

    References

    Chapter 47. Pharmacological Studies on Caterpillar Venoms

    I. Historical Data on Lepidopterism

    II. Urticating Caterpillars

    III. Venom Apparatus

    IV. Pharmacology of Extracts from Caterpillar Setae

    References

    Chapter 48. Poisoning from Adult Moths and Caterpillars

    I. Introduction

    II. Lepidopterism

    III. The Poisonous Lepidoptera

    IV. Ecology

    V. Symptomatology of Lepidopterism

    VI. Prevention and Treatment of Lepidopterism

    VII. Erucism

    VIII. Poisonous Caterpillars

    IX. Ecology

    X. Symptomatology of Erucism

    XI. Prevention and Treatment of Erucism

    References

    Chapter 49. Lepidopterism in Brazil

    I. History

    II. Species

    III. Clinical Symptoms

    IV. Pathology

    V. Treatment

    References

    Venomous Centipedes, Spiders, and Scorpions

    Chapter 50. Venomous Chilopods or Centipedes

    I. Introduction

    II. Description, Classification, Distribution, and Biology of Scolopendromorpha

    III. Venom Apparatus and Toxicity of Scolopendromorph Venoms

    References

    Chapter 51. Spiders

    I. Introduction

    II. The Morphology of Spiders

    III. The Classification of Venomous Spiders

    IV. Description, Distribution, and Biology of Dangerous Species

    V. Defense against Dangerous Spiders

    VI. The Venom Apparatus of Spiders

    VII. Extraction and Toxicity of Spider Venoms

    References

    Chapter 52. Phoneutria nigriventer Venom—Pharmacology and Biochemistry of Its Components

    I. Crude Venom Pharmacology

    II. Biochemistry of the Phoneutria nigriventer Venom

    References

    Chapter 53. Latrodectism in Mediterranean Countries, Including South Russia, Israel, and North Africa

    I. Introduction and Symtomatology

    II. Kinds of Latrodectus in Mediterranean Areas

    III. History

    IV. Epidemiology of Latrodectism

    V. Spread of Latrodectism in Single Mediterranean Countries

    VI. Folklore Treatment of Latrodectism in Mediterranean Areas

    References

    Chapter 54. Chemical and Pharmacological Properties of Tityus Venoms

    I. Introduction

    II. Toxicity and Symptoms of Intoxication

    III. Chemistry of the Venoms

    IV. Pharmacological Properties

    V. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 55. Classification, Biology, and Venom Extraction of Scorpions

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology, Classification, and Distribution

    III. Biology of Scorpions

    IV. Extraction and Toxicity of Scorpion Venoms

    References

    Chapter 56. Scorpionism in the Old World

    I. History

    II. Geographic Distribution of Dangerous Scorpions

    III. The Venom

    IV. Experimental Study of Toxicity

    V. Envenomation in Man

    VI. Pathological Physiology

    VII. Treatment

    References

    Venomous Mollusks

    Chapter 57. Mollusks—Classification, Distribution, Venom Apparatus and Venoms, Symptomatology of Stings

    I. Introduction

    II. Poison Cone Shells

    III. Octopuses

    References

    Venomous Coelenterates, Echinoderms, and Annelids

    Chapter 58. Venomous Coeienterates: Hydroids, Jellyfishes, Corals, and Sea Anemones

    I. Introduction

    II. List of Representative Venomous Coeienterates

    III. Nature of Coelenterate Venoms, Medical Aspects

    References

    Chapter 59. Venomous Echinoderms and Annelids: Starfishes, Sea Urchins, Sea Cucumbers, and Segmented Worms

    I. Echinoderms

    II. Venomous Annelids

    References

    Chapter 60. Animal Venoms in Therapy

    I. Introduction

    II. Snake Venoms

    III. Toad Venoms

    IV. Spider Venoms

    V. Bee Venom

    VI. Venom Combinations

    VII. Appendix: Snake Venoms as Anticoagulants

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 562
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 28, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262895

About the Editors

Wolfgang Bücherl

Eleanor E. Buckley

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