Variable Generation, Flexible Demand

Variable Generation, Flexible Demand

1st Edition - November 15, 2020

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  • Editor: Fereidoon Sioshansi
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128238103
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128241912

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Variable Generation, Flexible Demand looks at a future in which power system researchers, operators and analysts need to predict variable renewable generation and schedule demand to match it. Contributors survey the significant expansion in the role of flexible demand in balancing supply and demand in conjunction with flexible generation in ‘peaking plants’ and energy storage as the proportion of variable renewable generation rises in many systems across the world. Supported with case studies, the book examines practical ways that demand flexibility can play a constructive role as more systems move towards higher levels of renewable generation in their electricity mix.

Key Features

  • Examines practical ways that demand flexibility can play a constructive role in future energy systems
  • Reviews the vital role of market design, business models, enabling technologies, policies and regulation in implementation of flexible demand
  • Includes detailed case studies that address the role of flexible demand across transitioning power markets


Graduate and 1st year PhD level studying energy markets and energy systems. Policymakers. Energy economists. Grid operators. Energy system operators. Electric utilities. Regulators and policy makers across the electric power sector. Companies developing flexible demand services or options. Technology companies working on aggregating & delivering demand response

Table of Contents

  • Foreword by Ken Baldwin, Energy Change Institute, ANU, Canberra Australia
    Preface by Luca Lo Schiavo, ARERA, Italian energy regulatory authority, Milan, Italy
    Introduction by Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics

    Part One: Variable renewable generation
    1. The evolution of California’s variable renewable generation
    Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
    2. Variability of generation in ERCOT and the role of flexible demand
    Ross Baldick, Univ. of Texas, Austin
    3. Rising variability of generation in Italy: The grid operator’s perspective
    Giacomo Terenzi, Terna, Italy
    4. Integrating the rising variable renewable generation: A Spanish perspective
    Juan Jose Alba, Julian Barquin, Carolina Vereda and Eduardo Moreda, Endesa, Spain

    Part Two: Flexible demand
    5. What is flexible demand; what demand is flexible?
    Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
    6. Who are the customers with flexible demand, and how to find them?
    Carlo Stagnaro, Istituto Bruno Leoni and Simona Benedettini, PwC, Italy
    7. How can flexible demand be aggregated and delivered to scale?
    Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
    8. Electric vehicles: The ultimate flexible demand
    Fereidoon Sioshansi, Menlo Energy Economics
    9. Load flexibility: Market potential and opportunities in the US
    Ryan Hledik and Tony Lee, The Brattle Group
    10. Demand response in the US wholesale markets: Recent trends, new models and forecasts
    Udi Helman, Helman Analytics
    11. What’s limiting flexible demand from playing a bigger role in the US organized markets? The PJM experience
    Joseph Bowring, Monitoring Analytics, LLC

    Part Three: Coupling flexible demand to variable generation
    12. Valuing consumer flexibility in electricity market design
    Laurens de Vries, TU Delft and Gerard Doorman, Statnett SF
    13. Variable renewables and demand flexibility: Day-ahead versus intra-day valuation
    Reinhard Madlener, RWTH Aachen University and Oliver Ruhnau, Hertie School, Berlin
    14. The value of flexibility in Australia’s national electricity market
    Alan Rai, Baringa Partners, Prabpreet Calais, Kate Wild and Greg Williams, Australian Energy Market Commission and Tim Nelson, Griffith University, Sydney, Australia
    15. Demand flexibility and what it can contribute in Germany
    Dierk Bauknecht, Christoph Heinemann, Matthias Koch and Moritz Vogel, Oeko-Institut, Freiburg, Germany
    16. Industrial demand flexibility: A German case study
    Sabine Löbbe, and André Hackbarth, Univ. of Reutlingen and Heinz Hagenlocher and Uwe Ziegler, Avat, Tubingen, Germany

    Part Four: Implementation, business models, enabling technologies, policies, regulation
    17. Market design and regulation to encourage demand aggregation and participation in European wholesale markets
    Juan José Alba, Carolina Vereda, Julían Barquín and Eduardo Moreda, Endesa, Spain
    18. Do time-of-use tariffs make residential demand more flexible? Evidence from Victoria, Australia
    Kelly Burns and Bruce Mountain, Victoria Energy Policy Centre, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
    19. Empowering consumers to deliver flexible demand
    Lynne Gallagher, Energy Consumers Australia, and Elisabeth Ross, independent consultant, Sydney, Australia
    20. Markets for flexibility: Product definition, market design and regulation
    Richard L. Hochstetler, Instituto Acende Brasil, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    21. Energy communities and flexible demand
    David Robinson, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies
    22. Flexible demand: What’s in it for the customer?
    Mike Swanston, Customer Advocate, Brisbane, Australia

    Ahmad Faruqui, The Brattle Group, San Francisco, CA

Product details

  • No. of pages: 594
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2020
  • Published: November 15, 2020
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128238103
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128241912

About the Editor

Fereidoon Sioshansi

Fereidoon Sioshansi
Dr. Fereidoon Sioshansi is President of Menlo Energy Economics, a consulting firm based in San Francisco with over 35 years of experience in the electric power sector working in analysis of energy markets, specializing in the policy, regulatory, technical and environmental aspects of the electric power sector in the US and internationally. His research and professional interests are concentrated in demand and price forecasting, electricity market design, competitive pricing & bidding, integrated resource planning, energy conservation and energy efficiency, economics of global climate change, sustainability, energy security, renewable energy technologies, and comparative performance of competitive electricity markets. Dr. Sioshansi advises major utility clients and government policy makers domestically and internationally on electricity market reform, restructuring and privatization of the electric power sector. He has published numerous reports, books, book chapters and papers in peer-reviewed journals on a wide range of subjects. His professional background includes working at Southern California Edison Co. (SCE), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), NERA, and Global Energy Decisions. He is the editor and publisher of EEnergy Informer, a monthly newsletter with international circulation. He is on the Editorial Advisory Board of The Electricity Journal where he is regularly featured in the “Electricity Currents” section. Dr. Sioshansi also serves on the editorial board of Utilities Policy and is a frequent contributor to Energy Policy. Since 2006, He has edited 12 books on related topics with Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

President, Menlo Energy Economics, San Francisco, CA, USA

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