Description

UV-Visible Spectrophotometry of Water and Wastewater is the first book dedicated to the use of UV spectrophotometry for water and wastewater quality monitoring. Using practical examples the reader is shown how this technique can be a source of new methods of characterization and measurement. Easy and fast to run, this simple and robust analytical technique must be considered as one of the best ways to obtain a quantitative estimation of specific or aggregate parameters (eg. Nitrate, TOC), and simultaneously qualitative information on the global composition of water and its variation.

Key Features

* First electronic library of UV-spectra providing data readily available for researchers and users * Provides a theoretical basis for further research in the field of spectra exploitation * Contains helpful practical applications

Readership

Practitioners that are searching for solutions in monitoring water and wastewater as well as researchers and instrument designers interested in environmental metrology and sensor design

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 : The basics of spectrophotometric measurement 1. Introduction
2. Interaction of light and matter
2.1. The electromagnetic spectrum
2.2. The origin of spectra, absorption of radiation by atoms, ions and molecules
2.3. Quantitative laws of the attenuation of light
2.4. Nomenclature
3. Factors affecting the quality of spectral data
3.1. Good Spectroscopic Practice
3.2. Instrumental criteria
3.3. Optimal Spectrophotometric Range Chapter 2: From spectra to qualitative and quantitative results 1. Introduction
2. Basic handling of UV spectra
2.1. One spectrum transformation
2.2. Two spectra comparison
2.3. Evolution study from a spectra set
3. Concentration calculation
3.1. Ideal case : pure solution with no interference
3.2. Real samples : mathematical compensation of interferences
3.3. Real samples : statistical and hyphenated methods Chapter 3: Organic constituents 1. Introduction
2. Coloured Organic compounds
2.1. Dyes
2.2. Coloured reagents
3. UV absorbing organic compounds
3.1. Aldehydes and ketones
3.2. Amines
3.3. Benzene and related compounds
3.4. PAH
3.5. Pesticides
3.6. Phenols
3.7. Phtalates
3.8. Sulfur Organic Compounds
3.9. Surfactants
4. Non absorbing organic compounds
4.1. Carbonyl compoun

Details

No. of pages:
372
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2007
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080489841
Print ISBN:
9780444530929

About the editors

Olivier Thomas

Affiliations and Expertise

Observatoire de l'Environnment et du Développement, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada

Christopher Burgess

Affiliations and Expertise

Burgess Consultancy, Durham, UK