Uranium for Nuclear Power - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081003077, 9780081003336

Uranium for Nuclear Power

1st Edition

Resources, Mining and Transformation to Fuel

Editors: Ian Hore-Lacy
eBook ISBN: 9780081003336
Hardcover ISBN: 9780081003077
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 17th February 2016
Page Count: 488
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Description

Uranium for Nuclear Power: Resources, Mining and Transformation to Fuel discusses the nuclear industry and its dependence on a steady supply of competitively priced uranium as a key factor in its long-term sustainability. A better understanding of uranium ore geology and advances in exploration and mining methods will facilitate the discovery and exploitation of new uranium deposits. The practice of efficient, safe, environmentally-benign exploration, mining and milling technologies, and effective site decommissioning and remediation are also fundamental to the public image of nuclear power. This book provides a comprehensive review of developments in these areas.

Key Features

  • Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle
  • Presents a comprehensive and systematic coverage of geology, mining, and conversion to fuel, alternative fuel sources, and the environmental and social aspects
  • Written by leading experts in the field of nuclear power, uranium mining, milling, and geological exploration who highlight the best practices needed to ensure environmental safety

Readership

Geologists, engineers, researchers, managers in the uranium and nuclear power industries as well as researchers at postgraduate level onwards in academia with an interest in uranium and/or nuclear power. Also for professional staff in international nuclear organizations e.g. IAEA, OECD-NEA, EURATOM and national nuclear commissions and regulators

Table of Contents

  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  • Part I: Geology, Resources and Markets: Primary Uranium
    • 1. Uranium for nuclear power: An introduction
      • Abstract
      • 1.1 Introduction and history
      • 1.2 Energy density, other characteristics
      • 1.3 Resource situation
      • 1.4 Technological perspective
      • 1.5 The electromobility frontier and methanol
      • 1.6 Relationship with nonhydro renewables
      • 1.7 Safety, regulation
      • 1.8 Nonpower uses
      • 1.9 Wastes, radiation, proliferation
      • 1.10 Uranium in the future
      • 1.11 Further information
    • 2. Geology of uranium deposits
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Introduction
      • 2.2 Uranium provinces
      • 2.3 Uranium minerals
      • 2.4 Classification of uranium deposits
      • 2.5 The IAEA UDEPO database
      • 2.6 Unconventional resources and deposits in UDEPO
      • 2.7 New uranium deposits (2004–2014)
      • 2.8 Future trends
      • Acknowledgments
      • Books on uranium and general publications
      • Publications in scientific reviews
      • Main websites
      • References
    • 3. Exploration for uranium
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Introduction
      • 3.2 Uranium and the nuclear fuel cycle
      • 3.3 Drivers of uranium exploration
      • 3.4 Prospectivity, explorability, and exploration targeting
      • 3.5 Exploration techniques
      • 3.6 Critical factors in deposit models
      • 3.7 Drilling and evaluation
      • 3.8 Synopsis
      • References
    • 4. Uranium resources
      • Abstract
      • 4.1 Introduction
      • 4.2 Resources and reserves
      • 4.3 Global uranium resources as of January 1, 2013
      • 4.4 Unconventional resources
      • 4.5 International fuel reserves
      • 4.6 United nations framework classification
      • 4.7 Conclusion
      • 4.8 Sources for further information and advice
      • References
    • 5. The uranium market, supply adjustments from secondary sources, and enrichment underfeeding
      • Abstract
      • 5.1 Introduction
      • 5.2 Uranium demand
      • 5.3 Uranium supply
      • 5.4 Costs of production
      • 5.5 Uranium supply and demand to 2020 and beyond
      • 5.6 The world uranium market and prices
      • 5.7 Sources of further information and advice
      • References
  • Part II: Mining and Alternative Fuel Sources
    • 6. Uranium mining (open cut and underground) and milling
      • Abstract
      • 6.1 Introduction
      • 6.2 Open cut mining
      • 6.3 Underground mining
      • 6.4 Milling and extraction
      • 6.5 Retreatment of mine tailings
      • 6.6 Future trends
      • 6.7 Sources of further information and advice
      • Acknowledgments
      • References
    • 7. Introduction to uranium in situ recovery technology
      • Abstract
      • 7.1 General description
      • 7.2 Geology and hydrogeologic conditions
      • 7.3 Environmental evaluations
      • 7.4 Facilities
      • 7.5 Processes
      • 7.6 Waste management
      • 7.7 Well drilling, installation, completion, and operation
      • 7.8 Reclamation
      • References
    • 8. Nuclear fuel from secondary supplies of uranium and plutonium
      • Abstract
      • 8.1 Introduction
      • 8.2 Commercial inventories of natural and enriched uranium
      • 8.3 Other natural and enriched inventories
      • 8.4 HEU supplies
      • 8.5 Recycled uranium and plutonium
      • 8.6 Future of recycled uranium and plutonium
      • 8.7 Enrichment of tails material
      • 8.8 Underfeeding
      • 8.9 Implications of generation IV nuclear reactors
      • 8.10 Summary: The declining but continuing role of secondary supplies
    • 9. Production of byproduct uranium and uranium from unconventional resources
      • Abstract
      • 9.1 Introduction
      • 9.2 Uranium from phosphate deposits
      • 9.3 Processing phosphates
      • 9.4 Production potential
      • 9.5 Uranium from rare earths deposits
      • 9.6 Uranium from black shales
      • 9.7 Uranium from seawater
      • 9.8 Uranium from gold tailings
      • 9.9 Uranium from coal ash
      • Sources and references
    • 10. Thorium as a nuclear fuel
      • Abstract
      • 10.1 Introduction
      • 10.2 Thorium fuel cycle
      • 10.3 Previous work on the thorium fuel cycle
      • 10.4 Current research and future possibilities
      • 10.5 Thorium geology and resources
      • 10.6 Current and recent thorium recovery
      • 10.7 Disclaimer
      • References
  • Part III: Conversion, Enrichment and Fuel Fabrication
    • 11. Conversion of natural uranium
      • Abstract
      • 11.1 Introduction
      • 11.2 Conversion and needs
      • 11.3 Conversion technologies
      • 11.4 Current status of the conversion industry
      • 11.5 Factors that impact converters
      • 11.6 Conversion to UO2
      • 11.7 Potential future developments
      • References
    • 12. Uranium enrichment
      • Abstract
      • 12.1 Introduction
      • 12.2 How is uranium enriched?
      • 12.3 Historic technologies
      • 12.4 Future technologies
      • 12.5 Quality control of uranium hexafluoride in enrichment
      • 12.6 Management of tails
      • 12.7 Experience enriching reprocessed uranium
      • References
    • 13. Nuclear fuel fabrication
      • Abstract
      • 13.1 Introduction
      • 13.2 Fuel assembly design components
      • 13.3 Current and future trends
      • 13.4 Sources of further information and advice
      • References
  • Part IV: Environmental and Social Issues
    • 14. Management for health, safety, environment, and community in uranium mining and processing
      • Abstract
      • 14.1 Framework for health, safety, environment, and community in uranium operation
      • 14.2 HSEC across the uranium life cycle
      • 14.3 Managing health in uranium operations
      • 14.4 Managing safety in uranium operations
      • 14.5 Managing environmental impacts in uranium operations
      • 14.6 Managing community impacts in uranium operations
      • 14.7 Integration of HSEC and conclusion
    • 15. Safe and secure packaging and transport of uranium materials
      • Abstract
      • 15.1 Introduction
      • 15.2 Class 7 dangerous goods and regulatory practice/codes
      • 15.3 Packaging of radioactive materials
      • 15.4 Security measures for transport of nuclear materials
      • 15.5 Current issues for the transport of nuclear materials
      • 15.6 Transport of uranium concentrates and uranium hexafluoride
      • 15.7 Transport and packaging of plutonium
      • 15.8 Transport of fabricated fuel—uranium and MOX
      • 15.9 Ships for MOX (and used fuel or high-level wastes)
      • 15.10 Sources of further information
      • References
    • 16. Uranium mine and mill remediation and reclamation
      • Abstract
      • 16.1 Introduction
      • 16.2 Uranium mine and milling sites
      • 16.3 Site remediation and reclamation
      • 16.4 Risks addressed in rehabilitation
      • 16.5 Tools used in rehabilitation
      • 16.6 Funding for rehabilitation
      • 16.7 Future trends
      • 16.8 Conclusions
      • References
    • 17. Interregional technical cooperation for education and training in the uranium industry
      • Abstract
      • 17.1 Introduction
      • 17.2 Relevant interregional initiatives in education and training
      • 17.3 Building competence in the uranium industry
      • 17.4 Future trends
      • References
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
488
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780081003336
Hardcover ISBN:
9780081003077

About the Editor

Ian Hore-Lacy

Ian Hore-Lacy, World Nuclear Association (WNA), UK, has been involved with uranium mining since the 1970s and nuclear power since 1995. He joined the mining industry as an environmental scientist in 1974 with CRA (now Rio Tinto). He is the author of the successful textbook Nuclear Electricity, the expanded eighth to tenth editions of which were published under the title Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century.

Affiliations and Expertise

World Nuclear Association (WNA), UK