# University Physics

## 1st Edition

**Authors:**George Arfken

**eBook ISBN:**9780323142021

**Imprint:**Academic Press

**Published Date:**1st January 1984

**Page Count:**918

## Description

University Physics provides an authoritative treatment of physics. This book discusses the linear motion with constant acceleration; addition and subtraction of vectors; uniform circular motion and simple harmonic motion; and electrostatic energy of a charged capacitor. The behavior of materials in a non-uniform magnetic field; application of Kirchhoff's junction rule; Lorentz transformations; and Bernoulli's equation are also deliberated. This text likewise covers the speed of electromagnetic waves; origins of quantum physics; neutron activation analysis; and interference of light. This publication is beneficial to physics, engineering, and mathematics students intending to acquire a general knowledge of physical laws and conservation principles.

## Table of Contents

Front Cover

University Physics

Copyright Page

Table of Contents

Preface

Instructional Aids to Accompany University Physics

Chapter 1. General Introduction

1.1 The Development of Science

1.2 Science and Measurement

1.3 Length

1.4 Time

1.5 Mass

1.6 Dimensions and Units

1.7 Physics, Mathematics, and You

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 2. Vector Algebra

Preview

2.1 Scalars and Vectors

2.2 Addition and Subtraction of Vectors

2.3 Components

2.4 The Scalar, or Dot, Product

2.5 The Vector, or Cross, Product

Summary

Problems

Chapter 3. Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies

Preview

3.1 Force

3.2 The First Condition of Equilibrium

3.3 Torque

3.4 The Second Condition of Equilibrium

3.5 Center of Gravity

3.6 Stability of Equilibrium

Summary

Problems

Chapter 4. Motion in One Dimension

Preview

4.1 Frames of Reference

4.2 Average Velocity

4.3 Instantaneous Velocity

4.4 Acceleration

4.5 The Program of Particle Kinematics

4.6 Linear Motion with Constant Acceleration

4.7 Relative Motion: Two Frames of Reference

Summary

Problems

Chapter 5. Motion in a Plane

Preview

5.1 Motion in a Plane and the Principle of Superposition

5.2 Motion in a Plane with Constant Acceleration

5.3 Acceleration in Circular Motion

Summary

Problems

Chapter 6. Newton's Laws

Preview

6.1 The Program of Particle Mechanics

6.2 Newton's First Law

6.3 Force

6.4 Newton's Second Law

6.5 Newton's Third Law

6.6 The Universal Force of Gravitation

6.7 Weight and Mass

6.8 Mechanical Force Laws

6.9 Applications of Newton's Law

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 7. Work, Energy, and Power

Preview

7.1 Work Done by a Constant Force

7.2 Work Done by a Variable Force

7.3 Work in Three Dimensions

7.4 Kinetic Energy and the Work–Energy Principle

7.5 Power

7.6 Applications of the Work–Energy Principle: Simple Machines

Summary

Problems

Chapter 8. Conservation of Energy

Preview

8.1 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces

8.2 Potential Energy

8.3 The Law of Conservation of Energy

8.4 Force from Potential Energy

8.5 Stability of Equilibrium

8.6 Energy Graphs

Summary

Problems

Chapter 9. Conservation of Linear Momentum

Preview

9.1 Linear Impulses

9.2 Linear Momentum and the Linear Impulse–Momentum Principle

9.3 Conservation of Linear Momentum

9.4 Two-Particle Collisions

Summary

Problems

Chapter 10. Many-Particle Systems

Preview

10.1 Center of Mass

10.2 Dynamics of the Center of Mass

10.3 Galilean Relativity

10.4 Center-of-Momentum Reference Frame

10.5 Rocket Propulsion

Summary

Problems

Chapter 11. Conservation of Angular Momentum

Preview

11.1 Angular Momentum of a Particle

11.2 Angular Momentum of a System of Particles

11.3 Spin and Orbital Angular Momentum

Summary

Problems

Chapter 12. Rotation of a Rigid Body

Preview

12.1 Angular Kinetics

12.2 Angular Momentum and Rotational Kinetic Energy

12.3 Calculation of the Moment of Inertia

12.4 Dynamics of Rigid Body Rotation

Summary

Problems

Chapter 13. Motion of a Rigid Body

Preview

13.1 Work, Energy, and Power in Rotation

13.2 Rotation with Translation

13.3 Precession

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 14. Oscillatory Motion

Preview

14.1 Simple Harmonic Motion

14.2 Solution of the Harmonic Oscillator Equation

14.3 Applications of Simple Harmonic Motion

14.4 Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion

14.5 Damped Harmonic Motion

14.6 Forced Harmonic Motion: Resonance

Summary

Problems

Chapter 15. The Mechanical Properties of Matter

Preview

15.1 States of Matter

15.2 Stress and Strain

15.3 Hooke's Law and Young's Modulus

15.4 Elastic Energy and the Spring Constant

15.5 Bulk Modulus and Compressibility

15.6 Shear Modulus

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 16. Fluid Mechanics

Preview

16.1 Fluid Statics: Archimedes' Principle

16.2 Pressure–Depth Relation

16.3 Fluid Dynamics

16.4 The Equation of Continuity

16.5 Bernoulli's Equation

16.6 Viscosity

16.7 Turbulence

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 17. Wave Kinematics

Preview

17.1 Wave Characteristics

17.2 Sinusoidal Waves

17.3 Phase and Phase Difference

17.4 The Principle of Superposition for Waves

17.5 Beats

17.6 The Doppler Effect

Summary

Problems

Chapter 18. Mechanical Waves

Preview

18.1 Waves on a String

18.2 Origin of the Wave Equation for Mechanical Waves

18.3 Mechanical Waves: A Sampling

18.4 Energy Flow and Wave Intensity

18.5 Standing Waves and Boundary Conditions

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 19. Special Relativity

Preview

19.1 Einstein's Postulates of Special Relativity

19.2 The Relativity of Time

19.3 The Lorentz Transformations

19.4 The Einstein Velocity Addition Formula

19.5 Lorentz–FitzGerald Contraction

19.6 Time Dilation

19.7 The Twin Effect

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 20. Relativistic Mechanics

Preview

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Relativistic Linear Momentum

20.3 Relativistic Energy

20.4 Conservation of Energy and Momentum in Particle Interactions

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 21. Temperature and Heat

Preview

21.1 Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics

21.2 Temperature Measurement

21.3 Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics

21.4 Heat and Specific Heat Capacity

21.5 Thermodynamic Work

21.6 Internal Energy

21.7 The First Law of Thermodynamics

21.8 Applications of the First Law

Summary

Problems

Chapter 22. Thermal Properties of Matter

Preview

22.1 Thermal Expansion

22.2 The Ideal Gas

22.3 P–V–T Surfaces

22.4 Change or Phase

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 23. Heat Transfer

Preview

23.1 Conduction

23.2 Convection

23.3 Thermal Radiation

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 24. The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Preview

24.1 Heat Engines and Thermodynamic Efficiency

24.2 The Carnot Cycle

24.3 The Second Law of Thermodynamics

24.4 The Kelvin Temperature Scale

24.5 Entropy

24.6 Entropy Formulation of the Second Law

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 25. Kinetic Theory

Preview

25.1 The Atomic Model of Matter

25.2 Mean Free Path and Cross Section

25.3 The Ideal Gas: Kinetic Interpretation of Temperature

25.4 The Distribution of Molecular Speeds

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 26. Electric Charge

Preview

26.1 Discovery of Electricity

26.2 Electric Charge

26.3 Coulomb's Law

26.4 Superposition

Summary

Problems

Chapter 27. Electric Field and Gauss' Law

Preview

27.1 Electric Field

27.2 Electric Field Lines

27.3 Electric Flux

27.4 Gauss' Law

27.5 Applications of Gauss' Law

27.6 Motion of Point Charges in a Static Electric Field

27.7 Electric Dipole in an Electric Field

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 28. Electric Potential

Preview

28.1 Potential Difference

28.2 Conservation of Energy

28.3 Electric Potential

28.4 Point Charge Potential

28.5 Multiple Charge Potentials

28.6 Equipotential Surfaces

28.7 Corona Discharge

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 29. Capacitance and Capacitors

Preview

29.1 Capacitance and Capacitors

29.2 Capacitors in Series and in Parallel

29.3 Electrostatic Energy of a Charged Capacitor

29.4 Effect of an Insulator on Capacitance

29.5 Atomic Viewpoint of the Effect of an Insulator on Capacitance

Summary

Problems

Chapter 30. Electric Current

Preview

30.1 Electric Current

30.2 Electrical Resistance and Ohm's Law

30.3 Electrical Conductivity and Electrical Resistivity

30.4 Dynamic Resistance

30.5 Energy Conversion and Electric Power

Summary

Problems

Chapter 31. Direct-Current Circuits

Preview

31.1 Source of Electromotive Force (emf)

31.2 Kirchhoff's Loop Rule for Potential Differences

31.3 Application of Kirchhoff's Loop Rule: Resistors in Series

31.4 Kirchhoff's Junction Rule for Currents

31.5 Application of Kirchhoff's Junction Rule: Resistors in Parallel

31.6 Charging a Capacitor: The RC Circuit

31.7 Current and Potential Difference Measurements

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 32. Magnetism and the Magnetic Field

Preview

32.1 Magnetism

32.2 Magnetic Field

32.3 Applications of Moving Charges in a Magnetic Field

32.4 Magnetic Dipole in a Magnetic Field

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 33. Magnetic Field of Electric Current

Preview

33.1 Biot and Savart's Law

33.2 Magnetic Field of Electric Current

33.3 Ampére's Law

33.4 Magnetic Field of a Solenoid

33.5 Definition of the Ampere

Summary

Problems

Chapter 34. Electromagnetic Induction

Preview

34.1 Motional Electromotive Force

34.2 Faraday's Law of Induction

34.3 Lenz's Law

34.4 Applications of Faraday's Law

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 35. Inductance and Inductors

Preview

35.1 Self-Inductance and Inductors

35.2 Circuit Aspects of Inductors

35.3 Energy Stored in the Magnetic Field

35.4 Oscillations in a Circuit Containing a Capacitor and an Inductor

Summary

Problems

Chapter 36. Magnetic Properties of Matter

Preview

36.1 Behavior of Materials in a Nonuniform Magnetic Field

36.2 Classification of Magnetic Materials

36.3 Diamagnetism

36.4 Paramagnetism

36.5 Ferromagnetism

36.6 The Earth's Magnetic Field

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 37. Alternating Currents

Preview

37.1 Alternating Currents

37.2 Behavior of a Resistor Connected to an ac Generator

37.3 Behavior of a Capacitor Connected to an ac Generator

37.4 Behavior of an Inductor Connected to an ac Generator

37.5 The RC Circuit

37.6 The RL Circuit

37.7 The RLC Circuit

37.8 Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit

37.9 Transformers

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 38. Electromagnetic Waves and Maxwell's Equations

Preview

38.1 Introduction

38.2 Electromagnetic Waves

38.3 Maxwell's Equations

38.4 The Speed of Electromagnetic Waves

38.5 Energy Transfer via Electromagnetic Waves

38.6 Polarization

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 39. Reflection, Refraction, and Geometric Optics

Preview

39.1 Huygen's Principle, Refraction, and Dispersion

39.2 The Laws of Reflection and Refraction

39.3 Light Rays and Geometric Optics

39.4 Mirrors

39.5 Lenses

39.6 Optical Systems

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 40. Physical Optics: Interference

Preview

40.1 Interference

40.2 The Interference of Light: Thomas Young's Experiment

40.3 Coherence

40.4 Thin-Film Interference

40.5 Optical Interferometers

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 41. Physical Optics: Diffraction

Preview

41.1 Diffraction

41.2 Single-Slit Diffraction Pattern

41.3 Diffraction and Angular Resolution

41.4 Diffraction Gratings

41.5 Holography

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 42. Quantum Physics, Lasers, and Squids

Preview

42.1 The Origins of Quantum Physics

42.2 Rutherford and the Nuclear Atom

42.3 Bohr and the Hydrogen Atom

42.4 De Broglie and the Wave–Particle Duality

42.5 Schrödinger's Equation, Probability Waves, and Quantum Mechanical Tunneling

42.6 Quantum Optics and Lasers

42.7 Squids

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Chapter 43. Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Technology

Preview

43.1 The Neutron–Proton Model of the Nucleus

43.2 Nuclear Stability

43.3 Radioactive Dating

43.4 Neutron Activation Analysis

43.5 Nuclear Energy

Summary

Suggested Reading

Problems

Appendix 1. Table of Symbols

Appendix 2. Physical Constants

Appendix 3. Conversion Factors

Appendix 4. Mathematics

Appendix 5. The Elements

Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems

Photo Credits

Index

## Details

- No. of pages:
- 918

- Language:
- English

- Copyright:
- © Academic Press 1984

- Published:
- 1st January 1984

- Imprint:
- Academic Press

- eBook ISBN:
- 9780323142021