Understanding the Bouguer Anomaly

Understanding the Bouguer Anomaly

A Gravimetry Puzzle

1st Edition - February 10, 2017

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  • Authors: Roman Pasteka, Jan Mikuska, Bruno Meurers
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128129135
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128129142

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Understanding the Bouguer Anomaly: A Gravimetry Puzzle addresses the geophysical and geodetic applications of gravity field interpretation, taking into account the evaluation of the Bouguer anomaly. Containing several contributions that deal with persistent questions in gravity data processing and providing verified workflows, the book covers historical and practical aspects of the Bouguer anomaly. Geophysicists and exploration geologists will gain advanced knowledge in gravimetry, physical geodesy and an understanding of the evaluation and impact of the Bouguer anomaly in gravity field measurement.

Key Features

  • Covers multiple aspects of the Bouguer anomaly, including definition, historical developments and evaluation
  • Provides verified workflows for gravity data processing, which can be applied across research and industry
  • Organized with a logical flow that begins with a definition, then continues to describe state-of-the-art and advanced approaches to terrain corrections evaluations
  • Includes an example of national gravity database organization and re-processing


Researchers and upper-level graduate students in geophysics, both academic and industrial

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Introduction

    • References

    Chapter 2. The Physical Meaning of Bouguer Anomalies—General Aspects Revisited

    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Scalar Versus Vector Representation
    • 2.3 The Geophysical Indirect Effect
    • 2.4 Truncation Error of the Mass Correction
    • 2.5 Normal Gravity Calculation in Areas With Negative Ellipsoidal Heights
    • 2.6 Conclusion
    • References

    Chapter 3. Some Remarks on the Early History of the Bouguer Anomaly

    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 The Early Days: Geodesic Mission to Ecuador (Then Peru) and the Book of Bouguer (1749)
    • 3.3 Reductions of Gravity or the Pendulum Length to the Sea Level
    • 3.4 Additional Discussion
    • 3.5 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
    • References

    Chapter 4. Normal Earth Gravity Field Versus Gravity Effect of Layered Ellipsoidal Model

    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Some Problems With the Normal Field
    • 4.3 The Gravity Potential and Gravity Effect of the Equipotential Model
    • 4.4 The Gravity Potential and Gravity Effect of the Layered Model
    • 4.5 Comparison of the Results for the Equipotential and the Layered Models
    • 4.6 Relation of the Normal Field to the Free-Air Correction
    • 4.7 Conclusion
    • Acknowledgments
    • References

    Chapter 5. Numerical Calculation of Terrain Correction Within the Bouguer Anomaly Evaluation (Program Toposk)

    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Main Features of the New Software Toposk
    • 5.3 Inner Zone T1
    • 5.4 Intermediate Zone T2
    • 5.5 Outer Zones T31 and T32
    • 5.6 User Interface
    • 5.7 Program Testing on Synthetic Data
    • 5.8 Real Data Calculations
    • 5.9 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
    • References

    Chapter 6. Efficient Mass Correction Using an Adaptive Method

    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Principle of Adaptive Algorithm
    • 6.3 Test of Algorithm
    • 6.4 Discussion
    • Acknowledgments
    • References

    Chapter 7. National Gravimetric Database of the Slovak Republic

    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Compilation of Integrated Gravity Database
    • 7.3 New Generation Bouguer Anomalies
    • 7.4 New Linear Features Recognized in the Bouguer Anomaly Map
    • 7.5 New Software for the Reconstruction of the Gravity Field from the Bouguer Anomaly Map
    • 7.6 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
    • References


    • References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 142
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2017
  • Published: February 10, 2017
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128129135
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128129142

About the Authors

Roman Pasteka

Roman Pasteka is an expert in applied geophysics, head of the Department of Applied Geophysics at Comenius University, and Associate Editor in the editorial board of the journal Geophysical Prospecting. He is the author and co-author of many important publications (papers) in peer-reviewed, high-ranked scientific journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Applied Geophysics, Faculty of Sciences, Comenius University, Slovak Republic

Jan Mikuska

Jan Mikuska is an expert in applied gravimetry, CEO of G-trend Ltd, and a senior geophysicist. He is the author and co-author of many important publications (papers) in peer-reviewed high-ranked scientific journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

G-trend Ltd., Slovak Republic

Bruno Meurers

Bruno Meurers is an expert in geophysics, and a member of several editorial boards of high-ranked journals. He is the author and co-author of many important publications (papers) in peer-reviewed high-ranked scientific journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Meteorology and Geophysics, Vienna University, Austria

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