Understanding and Solving Environmental Problems in the 21st Century

1st Edition

Toward a New, Integrated Hard Problem Science

Editors: R. Costanza S.E. Jorgensen
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080441115
eBook ISBN: 9780080543406
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 5th June 2002
Page Count: 346
155.00 + applicable tax
14400.00 + applicable tax
95.00 + applicable tax
118.00 + applicable tax
143.00 + applicable tax
Compatible Not compatible
VitalSource PC, Mac, iPhone & iPad Amazon Kindle eReader
ePub & PDF Apple & PC desktop. Mobile devices (Apple & Android) Amazon Kindle eReader
Mobi Amazon Kindle eReader Anything else

Institutional Access


The aim of this book is to encourage integration of the natural and social sciences with the policy and design-making community, and thereby develop a deeper understanding of complex environmental problems. Its fundamental themes are:

• integrated modeling and assessment
• complex, adaptive, hierarchical systems
• ecosystem services
• science and decision-making
• ecosystem health and human health
• quality of life and the distribution of wealth and resources.

This book will act as a state of the art assessment of integrated environmental science and its relation to real world problem solving. It is aimed not only at the academic community, but also as a sourcebook for managers, policy makers, and the informed public. It deals both with the state of the science and the level of consensus among scientists on key environmental issues.

The concepts underlying this book were developed at the 2nd EcoSummit workshop held in Halifax, Nova Scotia, June, 2000, with active participation from all delegates, and attempts to present their collective view.

Table of Contents

Preface. EcoSummit Participant List. Introduction: Understanding and Solving Environmental Problems in the 21st Century: Toward a new, integrated "hard problem science" (R. Costanza, S.E. Jørgensen). References. 1. Integrated Assessment and Modeling - Science for Sustainability (G. Harris). Abstract. Introduction. The global context. Changes to the enterprise of scientific research. "Clean and green" drivers on policy and markets. The science of IA and IAM - integration and synthesis. IAM and ESM - the science of the future? References. 2. The Potential for Integrated Assessment and Modeling to Solve Environmental Problems: Vision, Capacity, and Direction (P. Parker et al.). Introduction. Integration. Visions of the future. Optimistic view. Pessimistic view. Evolution of IAM. IAM current position: Points of agreement. Case studies. Model complexity. Validation. Integrated Assessment. Agent-based models. Communication. Values in models. Future of IAM. Links to other groups. Conclusion. References. 3. Complex Adaptive Hierarchical Systems (B.C. Patten et al.). The new confrontation - biocomplex wholeness. Complexity. Adaptation and hierarchy. Measuring the organizational complexity of CAHSystems. Measuring the complexity of genomes and organisms - biocomplexity. Exergy-based orientors in a natural (virgin) forest. Exergy and information of solar radiation. Emergy and exergy. Integration of orientors. Adaptation and hierarchy, again. Systemicity. Eco-anthropic CAHSystems. A polycentric approach to integrated assessment. Eco-geological assessment towards sustainable coastal development in Yogyakarta, Indonesia - scale adjustment to observe and analyze CAHSystems. Contents. Concluding thoughts. Glossary. References.

4. Complex Adaptive Hierarchical Systems (B.C. Patten et al.). Introduction. About theory. About applications. Abou


No. of pages:
© Elsevier Science 2002
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Editor

R. Costanza

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Maryland Institute for Ecological Economics, Solomons, MD 20688-0038, USA

S.E. Jorgensen

Affiliations and Expertise

DFH, Environmental Chemistry, University Park 2, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark


"...for the reader...who wants to investigate the range of approaches used in the study of contemporary environmental problems, it does provide a useful introduction." -Timothy A. Quine, in THE HOLOCENE, VOL. 15, 2005