Understanding and Improving the Durability of Textiles

Understanding and Improving the Durability of Textiles

1st Edition - September 11, 2012

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  • Editor: Patricia Annis
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097644
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090874

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Description

The ability of a fabric to resist wear is an essential aspect of its performance. Understanding and improving the durability of textiles provides a comprehensive guide to the factors affecting the durability of a range of different textiles.Part one addresses the different factors that affect textile durability, including the influence of fabric construction and fibre type, as well as properties affecting strength and dimensional stability. Colour fastness and the effects of light are discussed, along with methods for testing and improving wrinkle-resistance and textile durability. Part two goes on to explore the durability of particular types of textile including antimicrobial textiles, protective clothing, historic textiles, silk and geotextiles.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Understanding and improving the durability of textiles is an indispensable book for textile scientists, technologists, engineers and those designing, testing and manufacturing textiles. It also provides a comprehensive guide to textile durability for researchers and academics of all levels in this sector.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive guide to the factors affecting the durability of a range of different textiles
  • Discusses colour fastness and the effects of light, and methods for testing and improving wrinkle-resistance and textile durability
  • Explores the durability of particular types of textile

Readership

Textile scientists; Technologists; Engineers and those designing and manufacturing textiles; Academics and researchers in the textile field

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

    Introduction

    Part I: Aspects of textile durability

    Chapter 1: The influence of fabric construction and fibre type on textile durability: woven, knitted and nonwoven fabrics

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Woven, knitted and nonwoven fabric structures

    1.3 Fibre and yarn properties that affect fabric durability

    1.4 Durability of woven, knitted and nonwoven fabric structures

    1.5 Durability of technical textiles: medical and breathable textiles

    1.6 Future trends

    1.7 Sources of further information and advice

    1.8 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 2: Strength properties of fabrics: understanding, testing and enhancing fabric strength

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Principles of fabric strength and its influence on durability

    2.3 Methods for testing fabric strength

    2.4 Factors affecting fabric strength

    2.5 Approaches to enhance fabric strength

    2.6 Examples of durable textiles

    2.7 Future trends

    Chapter 3: Dimensional stability of fabrics: resistance to shrinkage and other dimensional changes

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Types of shrinkage

    3.3 Treatments to maximise dimensional stability in fabrics

    3.4 Case study: minimising shrinkage in knitted fabrics

    3.5 Future trends

    Chapter 4: Durable press treatments to improve the durability and wrinkle resistance of cotton and other fabrics

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Development of durable press reagents

    4.3 Properties affected by durable press treatments and other methods to improve durability

    4.4 Recent developments and future trends

    Chapter 5: Colour fastness

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Principles of colour fastness

    5.3 Colour fastness and dye-fibre system mechanism

    5.4 Testing colour fastness

    5.5 Applications and examples of colour fastness tests

    5.6 Future trends

    5.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 6: Effects of light exposure on textile durability

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 The influence of sunlight on natural fibres

    6.3 The influence of sunlight on synthetic and high performance textiles

    6.4 The process of photochemical destruction of textile materials

    6.5 Assessing the durability of textiles to light exposure

    6.6 Methods for improving the durability of textiles exposed to light

    6.7 Future trends

    Chapter 7: Testing textile durability

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Durability in textiles

    7.3 Textile test methods

    7.4 Testing strength and abrasion resistance

    7.5 Testing for color loss in use

    7.6 Testing the effects of laundering on fabric properties

    7.7 Conclusions

    Part II: Durability of particular types of textiles

    Chapter 8: Durable antimicrobial textiles: types, finishes and applications

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Microbial degradation of natural fibers

    8.3 Microbial degradation of synthetic fibers

    8.4 Antimicrobial treatments for textiles

    8.5 Applications of antimicrobial finishes: the example of medical textiles

    8.6 Future trends and conclusions

    8.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 9: Durability of protective clothing

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Testing the durability of protective clothing

    9.3 Other factors that can affect the durability of protective clothing

    9.4 Future trends and conclusions

    Chapter 10: Durability of historic textiles

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Main durability issues that affect historic textiles

    10.3 Durability of different fibres and fabrics

    10.4 Physical context, environment and storage conditions

    10.5 Conservation of historic textiles

    10.6 Case studies of historic textiles

    10.7 Conclusion

    Chapter 11: Silk durability and degradation

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Key issues for silk durability

    11.3 Deterioration of silk

    11.4 Methods to improve the durability of silk

    11.5 The impact of treatments to improve the durability of silk

    11.6 Future trends

    11.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 12: Durable geotextiles

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Durability of nonwoven geotextiles in chemical and waste leachate solutions

    12.3 Protection performance of nonwoven geotextiles in waste landfill

    12.4 Weatherability of woven geotextiles for soft ground improvement

    12.5 Durability of nonwoven geotextiles in simulated seawater solution

    12.6 Conclusions

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 296
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: September 11, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097644
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090874

About the Editor

Patricia Annis

Dr Patricia Annis is Associate Professor in the Department of Textiles, Merchandising, and Interiors at the University of Georgia, USA. She has taught and published extensively on varied aspects of textile design, production and analysis.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Georgia, USA

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