Underground Infrastructures

Underground Infrastructures

Planning, Design, and Construction

1st Edition - May 7, 2012

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  • Authors: R Goel, Bhawani Singh, Jian Zhao
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123977670
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123971685

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Underground facilities, such as tunnels, sewer, water and gas networks form the backbone of the economic life of the modern city. In densely populated areas where the demands for transportation and services are rapidly increasing and the construction of new roads and railways are prohibited, the construction of a tunnel might be the only alternative. Brief and readable, this reference is based on a combined 75 years of field experience and places emphasis is on simple practical rules for designing and planning, underground infrastructures. The books’ begins with a clear and rigorous exposition of the classification of underground space, important considerations such as geological and engineering and underground planning. This is followed by self-contained chapters concerning applications for underground water storage, underground car parks, underground metros & road tunnels and underground storage of crude oil, lpg and natural gas. The book has 15 chapters covering various usage of underground space. There are about 135 figures and tables. The book contains about 20 case histories/examples. One of the first book to address all of the major areas in which this technology is used, this book deals with major topics such as: hydroelectric projects with modern planning of complex underground structures; underground storages of food items, crude oil and explosives and highly cautious underground nuclear waste repositories. Rail and road tunnels and TBM are described briefly. Risk management in underground infrastructures is of vital importance. Civil Engineers, Mining Engineers, and Geotechnical Engineers will find this book a valuable guide to designing and planning underground infrastructures both in terms of its applications.

Key Features

  • Risk management method for underground infrastructures
  • Vital tips for the underground storage of food, water, crude oil, natural gas and munitions
  • Provides design tips for Underground Parking Facilities
  • Instruction for the designing planning and construction for underground Metros and road tunnels
  • Planning and design of underground nuclear waste repositories
  • Clearly explains the benefits and drawbacks of underground facilities
  • Quick guide to the various modern mechanical underground parking options
  • Explanation of construction planning and Risk management
  • Places expert advice for planning and constructing projects at the finger tips


Construction Engineers, Construction Managers, Structural Engineers, Geotechnical Engineers, and Earthquake Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Dedication


    Chapter 1. Introduction

    1.1 Underground Space and Its Requirement

    1.2 History of Underground Space Use

    1.3 Underground Space for Sustainable Development

    1.4 What Should Be Done?

    1.5 Future of Underground Space Facilities

    1.6 Scope of the Book


    Chapter 2. Classification of Underground Space

    2.1 General

    2.2 Major Classification Grouping

    2.3 Benefits and Drawbacks of Underground Facilities


    Chapter 3. Important Considerations

    3.1 Geological Considerations

    3.2 Engineering Considerations

    3.3 Psychological and Physiological Considerations

    3.4 Choosing to go Underground—General Advantages

    3.5 Drawbacks of Underground Space Use

    3.6 Safety Considerations

    3.7 Ventilation

    3.8 Legal and Administrative Considerations

    3.9 Economic Considerations


    Chapter 4. Underground Space Planning

    4.1 Forms of Underground Space Available and Uses

    4.2 Level-Wise Planning of Underground Space Use

    4.3 Future Forms of Underground Space Use

    4.4 Technology for Underground Development

    4.5 Conceptual Designs

    4.6 Cost Considerations

    4.7 Planning of Underground Space


    Chapter 5. Underground Storage of Food Items

    Section 1

    Section 2


    Chapter 6. Underground Storage of Water

    6.1 General

    6.2 Water Storage by Recharge Methods

    6.3 Underground Rock Cavern Tank Storage

    6.4 Case Histories


    Chapter 7. Underground Parking

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Types of Parking Facilities

    7.3 Various Modern Mechanical Underground Parking Options

    7.4 Evaluation Criteria of a Site for Underground Parking

    7.5 Design of Underground Parking Facilities

    7.6 Parking Guidance System

    7.7 Parking Lot Security

    7.8 Ventilation in Underground Car Parks

    7.9 Economics of Underground Parking Facilities

    7.10 Case Histories


    Chapter 8. Underground Metro and Road Tunnels

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM)

    8.3 Precast Lining

    8.4 Building Condition Survey and Vibration Limit

    8.5 Impact on Structures

    8.6 Subsidence

    8.7 Half-Tunnels for Roads

    8.8 Road Tunnels

    8.9 Subsea Tunnels

    8.10 Case Histories


    Chapter 9. Underground Storage of Crude Oil, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, and Natural Gas

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Investigations and Design

    9.3 Underground Storage Technology

    9.4 Storage of Natural Gas

    9.5 Tunnel-Shaped Storage Facility

    9.6 Multitank Storage (Polytank) Concept

    9.7 General Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Storages

    9.8 Inground Tanks

    9.9 Cost Aspects

    9.10 Effect of Earthquake

    9.11 Carbon Dioxide Sequestration


    Chapter 10. Civic Facilities Underground

    10.1 General

    10.2 Sewage and Waste Water Treatment Plant

    10.3 Sports Center

    10.4 Underground Pedestrian Path

    10.5 Shopping Mall

    10.6 Underground Recreational Facilities


    Chapter 11. Underground Structures for Hydroelectric Projects

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Recent Developments in Planning of Hydroelectric Projects

    11.3 Types of Underground Structures

    11.4 Principles of Planning

    11.5 Fundamental Requirements

    11.6 Planning a Cavern

    11.7 Design of a Cavern

    11.8 Advantages and Disadvantages

    11.9 Case Histories

    11.10 Summary


    Chapter 12. Underground Shelters for Wartime

    12.1 General

    12.2 State-of-the-Art Defense Shelters

    12.3 Shelter Options

    12.4 Design of Shelters

    12.5 Case Histories


    Chapter 13. Underground Storage of Ammunitions and Explosives

    13.1 General

    13.2 Explosion Effects in Underground Ammunition Storage Sites

    13.3 Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Storage

    13.4 Storage Limitations

    13.5 Design Requirements of Underground Ammunition Storage Facility

    13.6 Facility Layout

    13.7 Sympathetic Detonation by Rock Spall

    13.8 Case History


    Chapter 14. Underground Nuclear Waste Repositories

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Types of Radioactive Nuclear Waste

    14.3 Underground Research Laboratory

    14.4 Concept of Barriers

    14.5 Design Aspects of Underground Repository

    14.6 Instrumentation

    14.7 Retrievability of Canister

    14.8 Public Acceptance of Radioactive Waste Repository


    Chapter 15. Contractual Risk Sharing

    15.1 The Risk

    15.2 Management of Risk

    15.3 Construction Planning and Risk

    15.4 Time and Cost Estimates




Product details

  • No. of pages: 352
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2012
  • Published: May 7, 2012
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123977670
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123971685

About the Authors

R Goel

Affiliations and Expertise

Central Mining Research Institute, India

Bhawani Singh

Affiliations and Expertise

Indian Institiute of Technology, India

Jian Zhao

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    Underground Infrastructures

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