Its Applications in Medicine and Biology

1st Edition - January 1, 1978

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  • Editor: F.J. Fry
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483289571

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Methods and Phenomena, 3: Ultrasound: Its Applications in Medicine and Biology, Part II focuses on the applications of ultrasound in biology and medicine, including irradiation, acoustic attenuation, and impedance distribution. The selection first tackles selected non-thermal mechanisms of interaction of ultrasound and biological media, therapy with continuous wave ultrasound, and pulse echo visualization. Discussions focus on imaging properties, modes of operation, rationale for selecting ultrasound as a therapeutic agent, mechanical disarrangement of tissue structures, and wave distortion. The manuscript then examines a research approach to visualization of breast tumors by ultrasound methods, acoustic characterization of tissue at the microscopic level, and intense focused ultrasound. Concerns cover systems for irradiation with intense focused ultrasound, interaction of intense focused ultrasound and biological tissue, sonomicroscopic characterization of tissues, acoustic attenuation and impedance distribution, velocity of sound distribution, and methods of procedure. The book tackles cavitation and its effects on organized mammalian tissues and thermal mechanisms in ultrasound-tissue interactions. The selection is a valuable source of data for researchers interested in the applications of ultrasound in biology and medicine.

Table of Contents

  • Part II

    Contributors to Part II

    Chapter IX. Selected Non-Thermal Mechanisms of Interaction of Ultrasound and Biological Media

    1. Introduction

    2. Wave Distortion

    3. Mechanical Disarrangement of Tissue Structures

    3.1 Cyclic Tissue Movements

    3.2 Streaming Movements, The Effect of the Summation of Cyclic and Streaming Velocities

    3.3 The Effect of Structure Shape on Viscous Forces

    4. Thermodynamic Effects


    Chapter X. Therapy with Continuous Wave Ultrasound

    1. Introduction

    2. Rationale for Selecting Ultrasound as a Therapeutic Agent

    2.1 Biophysics

    2.2 Physiological Effects Resulting from Temperature Rise Due to Ultrasound Absorption

    2.3 Physiological Effects Resulting from Non-Thermal Phenomena

    2.4 Clinical Technique of Ultrasound Application and Dosimetry

    2.5 Selective Heating of Joint Structures

    2.6 Indications

    2.7 Contraindications

    2.8 Application of Pulsed Ultrasound

    2.9 Characteristics of Suitable Equipment

    2.10 Coupling Media

    3. Summary


    Chapter XI. Pulse Echo Visualization

    1. Introduction

    2. Modes of Operation

    3. Properties of the Medium

    4. Imaging Properties

    4.1 Axial (Depth) Resolution

    5. Azimuthal Response

    6. Far Field

    7. Resolution Cell

    8. Imaging Rate

    9. Artifacts

    10. Practical Instrumentation

    11. Clinical Applications

    11.1 A-Mode

    11.2 M-Mode

    11.3 B-Mode

    11.4 Obstetrics and Gynecology

    11.5 Abdomen

    11.6 Infant Brain

    11.7 Eye

    11.8 Breast

    11.9 Thyroid

    12. Future Developments

    13. Conclusion


    Chapter XII. A Research Approach to Visualization of Breast Tumors by Ultrasound Methods

    1. Introduction

    2. Background

    3. Methods of Procedure

    4. Results

    5. Discussion

    6. Summary

    7. Acknowledgements


    Chapter XIII. Acoustic Characterization of Tissue at the Microscopic Level—Sonohistology

    1. Introduction

    2. Technique

    3. Sonomicroscopic Characterization of Tissues

    4. Acoustic Attenuation and Impedance Distribution

    5. Velocity of Sound Distribution

    6. Results and Discussion


    Chapter XIV. Intense Focused Ultrasound: Its Production, Effects and Utilization

    1. Introduction

    2. Systems for Irradiation with Intense Focused Ultrasound

    2.1 Calibration

    3. Interaction of Intense Focused Ultrasound and Biological Tissue

    3.1 Lesions in Other Tissues

    4. Applications

    4.1 Quantitative Neuroanatomy

    4.2 Human Clinical Series

    5. Conclusion


    Appendix I. Cavitation and its Effects on Organized Mammalian Tissue—A Summary

    Appendix II. Thermal Mechanisms in Ultrasound-Tissue Interactions—A Summary

    Index, I-1-I-4

    Contents of Part I

    Chapter I. Physical Principles of Ultrasound

    Chapter II. Cavitation: Dynamics of Gas Bubbles; Applications

    Chapter III. Doppler Principles and Techniques

    Chapter IV. Transducers for Ultrasonic Systems

    Chapter V. Ultrasonic Dosimetry

    Chapter VI. Ultrasonic Absorption and Dispersion

    Chapter VII. Scattering of Ultrasound by Human Tissue

    Chapter VIII. Acoustic Impedance Profiling (Analytical and Physical Model Study)

Product details

  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © North Holland 1978
  • Published: January 1, 1978
  • Imprint: North Holland
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483289571

About the Editor

F.J. Fry

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