Key Features

  • Cross-references sonographic fetal malformations with various syndromes to use patterns of malformation to arrive at the correct diagnosis.
  • Shows the specific features of each syndrome to help you determine how detectable the syndrome is or how likely the fetus is to have the syndrome.
  • Offers up-to-date information on how to manage borderline sonographic findings.
  • Helps you to not only identify what syndrome a given set of malformations is likely to represent, but also understand the clinical implications of that syndrome.

Table of Contents

1. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES

* Cataract
* Microphthalmia/Anophthalmia (Unilateral or Bilateral)
* Hypotelorism/Cyclopia (Extreme)
* Hypertelorism
* Choanal atresia
* Micrognathia
* Facial asymmetry
* Maxillary Hypoplasia/Depressed Nasal Bridge
* Facial Cleft
* Ear Anomalies
* Abnormal Head Shape
* Strawberry
* Lemon
* Cloverleaf
* Craniosynostosis
* Frontal Bossing
* Trigonocephaly
* Skull Asymmetry
* Brachycephaly
* Fluid Collections in the Head
* Bilateral
* Unilateral
* Intracranial cyst
* Ventriculomegaly
* Macrocephaly
* Microcephaly
* Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum
* Dandy-Walker Cyst or Vermian Hypoplasia
* Echogenic Mass in the Head
* Holoprosencephaly
* Neural Tube Defect
* Short Spine
* Vertebral Body Segmental Abnormalities (Other * Than Platyspondyly)
* Platyspondyly
* Rib abnormalities
* Mass on the Surface of the Fetus
* Nuchal Membrane
* Nuchal Thickening/Cystic Hygroma (First and Second Trimesters)
* Anterior Abdominal Wall Defects
* Omphalocele
* Anterior Neck Mass
* Rotation of the Heart
* Intrathoracic Mass
* Diaphragmatic Hernia
* Narrow Chest
* Abdominal Fluid Collection or Cyst
* Abdominal Hyperechogenicity
* Bowel Obstruction
* Ascites
* Absent Stomach
* Hydronephrosis
* Renal Agenesis (Unilateral or Bilateral)
* Syndromes Associated with Various Renal Anomalies
* Absent Bladder
* Distended bladder
* Suprarenal Mass
* Enlarged Kidneys
* Genital Anomalies
* Contractures of the Extremities
* Clenched Hands
* Polydactyly
* Syndactyly
* Clinodactyly
* Asymmetric Lengths of Extremities
* Slightly Short Femur
* Generalized Short and Bowed Limbs
* Asymmetric Limb Reduction Defects
* Short Radial Ray
* Clubbed Foot
* Rockerbottom feet
* Flared metaphyses or epi

Details

No. of pages:
672
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2008
Published:
Imprint:
Churchill Livingstone
eBook ISBN:
9780323245296
Print ISBN:
9780443066412

About the author

Beryl Benacerraf

Affiliations and Expertise

Clinical Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, and Radiology, Harvard Medical School; Director of Vincent Memorial Hospital, Obstetrical Ultrasound Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA