Ultrasound of Fetal Syndromes - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780443066412, 9780323245296

Ultrasound of Fetal Syndromes

2nd Edition

Text with DVD

Authors: Beryl Benacerraf
eBook ISBN: 9780323245296
Hardcover ISBN: 9780443066412
Imprint: Churchill Livingstone
Published Date: 24th October 2007
Page Count: 672
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Description

This is the only book of its kind in prenatal diagnosis that details the most common sonographically detectable fetal syndromes. It has an easy-to-follow approach of using lists and patterns of malformations to generate a differential diagnosis of the possible syndrome involved. The reader is then led to the more detailed description of each syndrome to determine the exact final diagnosis. The new edition incorporates 3D ultrasound throughout the book, as well as 20 syndromes not previously covered.

Key Features

  • Cross-references sonographic fetal malformations with various syndromes to use patterns of malformation to arrive at the correct diagnosis.
  • Shows the specific features of each syndrome to help you determine how detectable the syndrome is or how likely the fetus is to have the syndrome.
  • Offers up-to-date information on how to manage borderline sonographic findings.
  • Helps you to not only identify what syndrome a given set of malformations is likely to represent, but also understand the clinical implications of that syndrome.

Table of Contents

1. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES

Cataract
Microphthalmia/Anophthalmia (Unilateral or Bilateral)
Hypotelorism/Cyclopia (Extreme)
Hypertelorism
Choanal atresia
Micrognathia
Facial asymmetry
Maxillary Hypoplasia/Depressed Nasal Bridge
Facial Cleft
Ear Anomalies
Abnormal Head Shape
Strawberry
Lemon
Cloverleaf
Craniosynostosis
Frontal Bossing
Trigonocephaly
Skull Asymmetry
Brachycephaly
Fluid Collections in the Head
Bilateral
Unilateral
Intracranial cyst
Ventriculomegaly
Macrocephaly
Microcephaly
Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum
Dandy-Walker Cyst or Vermian Hypoplasia
Echogenic Mass in the Head
Holoprosencephaly
Neural Tube Defect
Short Spine
Vertebral Body Segmental Abnormalities (Other Than Platyspondyly)
Platyspondyly
Rib abnormalities
Mass on the Surface of the Fetus
Nuchal Membrane
Nuchal Thickening/Cystic Hygroma (First and Second Trimesters)
Anterior Abdominal Wall Defects
Omphalocele
Anterior Neck Mass
Rotation of the Heart
Intrathoracic Mass
Diaphragmatic Hernia
Narrow Chest
Abdominal Fluid Collection or Cyst
Abdominal Hyperechogenicity
Bowel Obstruction
Ascites
Absent Stomach
Hydronephrosis
Renal Agenesis (Unilateral or Bilateral)
Syndromes Associated with Various Renal Anomalies
Absent Bladder
Distended bladder
Suprarenal Mass
Enlarged Kidneys
Genital Anomalies
Contractures of the Extremities
Clenched Hands
Polydactyly
Syndactyly
Clinodactyly
Asymmetric Lengths of Extremities
Slightly Short Femur
Generalized Short and Bowed Limbs
Asymmetric Limb Reduction Defects
Short Radial Ray
Clubbed Foot
Rockerbottom feet
Flared metaphyses or epithyses
Under-Ossification of Bone
Cord Cyst/Mass
Hydrops
Decreased fetal activity
Intrauterine Growth Restriction
Enlarged placenta
Polyhydramnios
Oligohydramnios
Heart Defects
Echogenic Intracardiac Focus
Abnormal Heart Appearance
Enlarged Heart
Parallel Great Vessels
Enlarged Right Side of the Heart (Compared with the Left)
Smaller Right Side of the Heart (Compared with the Left)
Enlarged Left Side of the Heart (Compared with the Right)
Smaller Left Side of the Heart (Compared with the Right)
Single Great Vessel
Single Ventricle

2. SYNDROMES

SYNDROMES FEATURING GROWTH RESTRICTION

Cornelia de Lange Syndrome
Noonan Syndrome
Russell-Silver Syndrome
Seckel Syndrome
Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome

SYNDROMES FEATURING FETAL OVERGROWTH

Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome
Maternal Diabetes
Perlman Syndrome

SYNDROMES FEATURING PRIMARILY FACIAL ANOMALIES

Branchio-Ocular-Facial Syndrome
Cataracts
Cerebro-Costo-Mandibular Syndrome
Cleft Lip and Palate
Fraser Syndrome
Goldenhar Syndrome
Median Cleft Face Syndrome
Microphthalmia/Anophthalmia
Nager Syndrome
Oral-Facial-Digital Syndrome, Type I
Oral-Facial-Digital Syndrome, Type II (Mohr Syndrome)
Pierre Robin Syndrome
Shprintzen Syndrome
Strickler Syndrome
Treacher Collins Syndrome
Van der Woude syndrome

SYNDROMES FEATURING PRIMARILY BRAIN ANOMALIES

Aicardi Syndrome
Gorlin Syndrome
Hydrolethalus
Joubert Syndrome
Meckel-Gruber Syndrome
Microcephaly
Miller-Dieker Syndrome (Lissencephaly, Type I)
Neu-Laxova Syndrome
Septo-Optic Dysplasia
Walker-Warburg Syndrome
X-Linked Hydrocephalus Syndrome

LIMB ABNORMALITIES

Adams-Oliver Syndrome
Ectrodactyly–Ectodermal Dysplasia–Clefting (EEC) Syndrome
Fanconi Anemia
Femoral Hypoplasia—Unusual Facies Syndrome
Femur-Fibula-Ulna (FFU) Syndrome
Freeman-Sheldon (Whistling Face) Syndrome
Holt-Oram Syndrome
Larsen Syndrome
Multiple Pterygium Syndrome (Lethal Type)
Roberts Syndrome
Thrombocytopenia–Absent Radius (TAR) Syndrome

SKELETAL DYSPLASIAS

Achondrogenesis
Achondroplasia
Atelosteogenesis, Type I
Camptomelic Dysplasia
Chondrodysplasia Punctata
Cleidocranial Dysostosis
Diastrophic Dysplasia
Ellis-van Creveld Syndrome
Hypochondroplasia
Hypophosphatasia of the Lethal Type
Jeune Thoracic Dystrophy
Kniest Syndrome
Majewski Syndrome
Metatropic Dysplasia
Osteopetrosis (Lethal Type)
Short Rib–Polydactyly Syndromes (SRPS): Types I (Saldino-Noonan) and III (Naumoff)
Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Congenita
Thanatophoric Dysplasia

SYNDROMES FEATURING PRIMARILY CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS

Antley-Bixler Syndrome
Apert Syndrome
Carpenter Syndrome
Crouzon Syndrome
Pfeiffer Syndrome
Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome

MISCELLANEOUS SYNDROMES

Cystic Fibrosis
Fryns Syndrome
Infantile Polycystic Kidney Disease
Jarcho-Levin Syndrome

SYNDROMES FEATURING PRIMARILY SOFT TISSUE ANOMALIES

Alpha-Thalassemia
Aplasia Cutis Congenita (ACC)
Harlequin Syndrome
Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome
Marfan Syndrome
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Proteus Syndrome
Tuberous Sclerosis

SEQUENCES AND ASSOCIATIONS

Amniotic Band Sequence
Arthrogryposis
Cardiosplenic Syndromes (Asplenia/Polysplenia; Heterotaxy)
Caudal Regression Syndrome and Sirenomelia
Cerebro-Occulo-Facio-Skeletal (COFS) Syndrome
CHARGE Association
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
Congenital High Airway Obstruction Syndrome (CHAOS)
Cloacal Extrophy Sequence
Holoprosencephaly Sequence
Idiopathic Arterial Calcification of Infancy
Klippel-Feil Sequence
Megacystis-Microcolon-Intestinal Hypoperistalsis Syndrome
MURCS Association
Opitz Syndrome
Pena Shokeir Syndrome
Pentalogy of Cantrell
Prune-Belly Syndrome
Renal Agenesis (Potter Syndrome)
Scimitar Syndrome
Spinal Dysraphism
VATER Association

TERATOGENS

Antibiotics
Anti-Cancer Agents
Anticoagulants
Anticonvulsant Drugs
Antithyroid Agents
Hormones
Tranquilizers and Antidepressants
Miscellaneous
Maternal Infections
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Parvovirus B19
Rubella
Syphilis
Toxoplasmosis
Varicella

SYNDROMES FEATURING CHROMOSOMAL ANOMALIES

Cri-du-chat (Distal 5p deletion syndrome)
Deletion 4p (Wolf-Hirsch horn Syndrome)
Deletion 11q (Jacobsen Syndrome)
DiGeorge syndrome
Tetrasomy 12p (Pallister-Killian Syndrome)
Triploidy
Trisomy9
Trisomy 10
Trisomy 13 (Patau Syndrome)
Trisomy 18 (Edwards Syndrome)
Trisomy 21 (Down Syndrome)
Trisomy 22
XO Syndrome (Turner Syndrome)

TUMORS

Cystic Hygroma/Lymphangioma
Hemangioma
Neuroblastoma
* Teratoma

CHAPTER 2 APPENDIXES

2.1 Growth Restriction Syndromes
2.2 Facial Anomalies
2.3 Brain Anomaly Syndromes
2.4 Limb Abnormalities
2.5 Skeletal Dysplasias
2.6 Craniosynostosis
2.7 Miscellaneous Syndromes
2.8 Soft Tissue Anomalies
2.9 Sequences and Associations
2.10 Teratogens
2.11 Teratogens: Maternal Infections
2.12 Chromosomal Anomalies

3. Sonographic fetal findings with borderline significance – the grey zone in fetal dianosis, Bryann Bromley and Beryl R. Benacerraf

4. Fetal anomalies and syndromes associated with monochorianic twins, Thomas D. Shipp and Beryl R. Benacerraf

Details

No. of pages:
672
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Churchill Livingstone 2008
Published:
Imprint:
Churchill Livingstone
eBook ISBN:
9780323245296
Hardcover ISBN:
9780443066412

About the Author

Beryl Benacerraf

Affiliations and Expertise

Clinical Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, and Radiology, Harvard Medical School; Director of Vincent Memorial Hospital, Obstetrical Ultrasound Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA