This book was written with several objectives in mind: 1. To share with as many scientists and engineers as possible the intriguing scientific aspects of ultra-fine particles (UFPs) and to show their potential as new materials. 2. Entice such researchers to participate in the development of this emerging field. 3. To publicize the achievements of the Ultra-Fine Particle Project, which was carried out under the auspices of the Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology program (ERATO). In addition to the members of the Ultra-Fine Particle Project, contributions from other pioneers in this field are included. To achieve the first objective described above, the uniformity of the contents and focus on a single central theme have been sacrificed somewhat to provide a broad coverage. It is expected that the reader can discover an appropriate topic for further development of new materials and basic technology by reading selected sections of this book. Alternately, one may gain an overview of this new field by reviewing the entire book, which can potentially lead to new directions in the development of UFPs.


Ultra-Fine Particles - Exploratory Science and Technology

Table of Contents

Introduction Exploratory Research - Ultra-Fine Particle Research 1. Electron Microscopy Studies of Ultra-Fine Particles 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Ultra-Fine Particles and Electron Microscopy 1.3 Development of Electron Microscope Accessories 1.4 High Resolution Observation Methods 1.5 Evaporation Methods 1.6 Oxides 1.7 Search for Industrial Applications of Spherical ?-Alumina Ultra-Fine Particles 1.8 Metal Catalysts 1.9 Crystal Growth of Silicon Ultra-Fine Particles 1.10 Surface Oxidation of Silicon Ultra-Fine Particles 1.11 Surface Coverage of Ultra-Fine Particles 1.12 Non-Additive Sintering of Silicon Carbide Ultra-Fine Particles 1.13 Quenching of ?-Iron UFPs to Room Temperature 1.14 UFP Beam Experiments 1.15 Living Crystals 2. Synthesis and Characterization of Ultra-Fine Particles 2.1 Synthesis of Compound and Individually Separated Ultra-Fine Particles by Gas Evaporation 2.2 Fluid Thermodynamics of UFP Synthesis 2.3 In-Flight Plasma Processes 2.4 Gaseous Reaction Method 2.5 Ultra-Fine Particle Synthesis by Chemical Methods 2.6 Gas Evaporation Under Zero Gravity 2.7 The Properties of Surface Oxide Layers of Metallic Ultra-Fine Particles 2.8 M'auer Spectra of Iron Ultra-Fine Particles 2.9 Preparation of Ultra-Fine Particle Alloy Catalysts by Alkoxide Methods 3. Ultra-Fine Particles and Microbes 3.1 Phagocytosis of Ultra-Fine Particles by Cells 3.2 Application of Ultra-Fine Particles in the Detection of Cell Activity 3.3 Organic Compound Ultra-Fine Particles 3.4 Encapsulation of Magnetic Ultra-Fine Part


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© 1995
William Andrew
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About the authors

Tyozi Uyeda

Affiliations and Expertise

ULVAC JAPAN LTD., Chigasaki, Kanagawa, Japan

Chikara Hayashi

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba Ibaraki, Japan