COVID-19 Update: We are currently shipping orders daily. However, due to transit disruptions in some geographies, deliveries may be delayed. To provide all customers with timely access to content, we are offering 50% off Science and Technology Print & eBook bundle options. Terms & conditions.
Tufted Carpet - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781884207990, 9780815519409

Tufted Carpet

1st Edition

Textile Fibers, Dyes, Finishes and Processes

0.0 star rating Write a review
Authors: Von Moody Howard L. Needles
Hardcover ISBN: 9781884207990
eBook ISBN: 9780815519409
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 28th September 2004
Page Count: 267
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST
155.00
205.00
153.75
125.00
185.00
Unavailable
Price includes VAT/GST

Institutional Subscription

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Introduction to Carpet Fiber

  1. Fiber Theory and Formation

  2. 1 FIBER CLASSIFICATION

  3. 2 FIBER PROPERTIES

  4. 2.1 Primary Properties

  5. 2.2 Secondary Properties

  6. 2.3 Primary Fiber Properties from an Engineering Perspective

  7. 3 FIBER FORMATION AND MORPHOLOGY

  8. 3.1 Polymer Formation

  9. 3.2 Fiber Spinning

  10. 3.3 Fiber Drawing and Morphology

  11. 3.4 Bulking and Texturizing

  12. 3.5 Staple Formation

  13. 4 STRUCTURE PROPERTY RELATIONSHIPS

  14. Fiber Indentification and Characterization

  15. 1 FIBER IDENTIFICATION

  16. 1.1 Microscopic Identification

  17. 1.2 Solubility

  18. 1.3 Heating and Burning Characteristics

  19. 1.4 Density or Specific Gravity

  20. 1.5 Staining

  21. 2 STRUCTURAL, PHYSICAL, and CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION

  22. 2.1 Optical and Electron Microscopy

  23. 2.2 Elemental and End-Group Analysis

  24. 2.3 Infrared Spectroscopy

  25. 2.4 Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy

  26. 2.5 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

  27. 2.6 X-Ray Diffraction

  28. 2.7 Thermal Analysis

  29. 2.8 Molecular Weight Determination

  30. 2.9 Mechanical and Tensile Property Measurements

  31. 2.10 Specific Gravity

  32. 2.11 Environmental Properties

  33. 2.12 Chemical Properties

  34. 3 END-USE PROPERTY CHARACTERIZATION

  35. 3.1 Characteristics Related to Identity, Aesthetics and Comfort

  36. 3.2 Characteristics Related to Durability and Wear

  37. 3.3 Physical and Chemical Characteristics

  38. Major Fiber and Their Properties

  39. 1 NYLON 6 and NYLON 6,6 FIBERS

  40. 1.1 Structural Properties

  41. 1.2 Effect of Single-Step Versus Two-Step Production of Nylon

  42. 1.3 Physical Properties

  43. 1.4 Chemical Properties

  44. 1.5 Nylon End-Use Properties

  45. 2 POLYESTER FIBERS

  46. 2.1 Structural Properties

  47. 2.2 Physical Properties

  48. 2.3 Chemical Properties

  49. 2.4 Polyester End-Use Properties

  50. 3 ACRYLIC FIBERS

  51. 3.1 Structural Properties

  52. 3.2 Physical Properties

  53. 3.3 Chemical Properties

  54. 3.4 Acrylic End-Use Properties

  55. 4 MODACRYLIC FIBERS

  56. 4.1 Structural Properties

  57. 4.2 Physical Properties

  58. 4.3 Chemical Properties

  59. 4.4 Modacrylic End-Use Properties

  60. 5 POLYOLEFIN FIBERS

  61. 5.1 Polyethylene and Polypropylene

  62. 5.2 Structural Properties

  63. 5.3 Physical Properties

  64. 5.4 Chemical Properties

  65. 5.5 Polyolefin End-Use Properties

  66. 6 WOOL

  67. 6.1 Structural Properties

  68. 6.2 Physical Properties

  69. 6.3 Chemical Properties

  70. 6.4 Wool End-Use Properties

Part 2: Carpet Making 4. Yarn Formation 4.1 WOOLEN AND WORSTED SYSTEMS 4.2 STAPLE SYSTEMS 4.3 FILAMENT SYSTEMS 5. Primary and Secondary Backing Construction 5.1 WOVEN 5.1.1 Woven Primary or Secondary Backing Manufacture 5.1.2 Textile Substrate Formation 5.1.3 Weaving 5.1.4 Shedding Mechanism 5.1.5 Fill Insertion 5.2 NONWOVEN 5.2.1 Nonwoven Primary or Secondary Backing Formation 5.2.2 Mechanical Bonding or Entanglement of Nonwovens 5.2.3 Stitching or Stitch Bonding 5.2.4 Self Bonding 5.2.5 Adhesive Bonding 5.3 COMPOSITE FORMATION 5.4 NEW TUFTING PRIMARY BACKINGS 6. Carpet Construction 6.1 DESCRIPTION OF LAYERS OF PILE CARPET 6.1.1 Primary Backings 6.1.2 Loop Pile Created by Tufting 6.1.3 Shearing 6.1.4 Secondary Backing 6.2 FINISHING

Part 3: Coatings, Raw Materials, and Their Processes 7. Latex Coatings 7.1 LATEX COMPOUNDS 7.1.1 Filler 7.1.2 Surfactants 7.1.3 Thickeners 7.1.4 Water 7.1.5 Flame Retardants 7.1.6 Miscellaneous 7.2 EXAMPLES OF LATEX COMPOUNDS 7.3 EFFECT OF FILLER ON LATEX COATED CARPET 7.4 EFFECT OF DENIER ON TUFTBIND 7.5 FLAME RETARDANCY 7.6 SUMMARY

Polyurethane Coating 8.1 POLYURETHANE RAW MATERIALS AND BASIC CHEMISTRY 8.2 MECHANICALLY FROTHED POLYURETHANE 8.3 WATER-BLOWN POLYURETHANE

Cushion 9.1 RESIDENTIAL 9.2 COMMERCIAL 9.3 FOAM PERFORMANCE 9.4 CUSHIONS AND PADS

  1. Polyvinyl Chloride Plastisol Coating

  2. 1 RAW MATERIALS

  3. 1.1 Dispersion Resin

  4. 1.2 Blending Resin

  5. 1.3 Plasticizer

  6. 1.4 Stabilizers

  7. 1.5 Thixotropic Agents

  8. 1.6 Surfactants

  9. 1.7 Pigments

  10. 1.8 Fillers

  11. 1.9 Lubricants

  12. 1.10 Blowing Agents

  13. 1.11 Solvents or Diluents

  14. 2 TROUBLESHOOTING

  15. 3 FORMULATION

  16. 4 DIMENSIONAL STABILITY

  17. 5 FLEXIBILITY

  18. 6 INDENTATION

  19. 7 CUTTING CARPET INTO TILE

  20. 8 IMPERMEABILITY

  21. 9 SUMMARY

  22. Hot Melt Coating

  23. 1 DISCUSSION OF HOT MELTS

  24. 2 INGREDIENTS

  25. 2.1 Polymers

  26. 2.2 Resins

  27. 2.3 Wax

  28. 2.4 Filler

  29. 2.5 Oils

  30. 2.6 Antioxidants

  31. 2.7 Flame Retardants

  32. 3 HOT MELT COATING PROCESS

  33. 4 COMPOUNDING

  34. 5 EXAMPLES OF HOT MELT COATING COMPOUNDS

  35. Extrusion Coating Technology

  36. 1 EXTRUSION COATING PROCESS

  37. 2 THE EXTRUDER

  38. 3 EXTRUDER DIE

  39. 4 DOWNSTREAM EQUIPMENT

  40. 5 POLYMERS AND COMPOUNDS

  41. 6 EXAMPLES OF EXTRUSION COATING COMPOUNDS

  42. Carpet Tile Coatings and Reinforcements

  43. 1 COATING SYSTEMS FOR CARPET TILE

  44. 1.1 Polyurethane

  45. 1.2 Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

  46. 1.3 Hot Melt

  47. 1.4 Extrusion

  48. 2 FIBERGLASS REINFORCEMENT

  49. 3 SUMMARY

Part 4: Carpet Enhancers 14. Antimicrobial Agents 14.1 USE 14.2 BACTERIAL SOURCES AND CONDITIONS FAVORABLE TO GROWTH 14.3 ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT SELECTION AND CONSIDERATION 14.4 RESIDENTIAL APPLICATIONS 14.5 PROOF OF CLAIMS 14.6 MICROORGANISM STRUCTURE 14.7 TYPES OF ANTIMICROBIAL TREATMENTS 14.8 VARIOUS ANTIMICROBIAL TREATMENTS 14.9 TESTING 14.10 PLACEMENT OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS 14.11 SUMMARY

  1. Color, Dyes, Dyeing, and Printing

  2. 1 COLOR THEORY

  3. 1.1 The Munsell System

  4. 1.2 Additive and Subractive Systems

  5. 1.3 Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage System

  6. 2 DYES AND DYE CLASSIFICATION

  7. 2.1 Dyes Containing Anionic Functional Groups

  8. 2.2 Dyes Containing Cationion Groups (Basic Dyes)

  9. 2.3 Special Colorant Classes

  10. 2.4 Dyeing of Blends

  11. 3 APPLICATION METHODS AND FACTORS AFFECTING DYEING

  12. 3.1 Dyeing Methods

  13. 3.2 Printing Techniques

  14. 3.3 Physical Factors Affecting Dyeing

  15. 3.4 Chemical Reagents

  16. 4 DYES APPLIED TO FIBER CLASSES

  17. 4.1 Dyes for Protein Fibers

  18. 4.2 Dyes for Polyamide Fibers

  19. 4.3 Dyes for Polyester Fibers

  20. 4.4 Dyes for Acrylic Fibers

  21. 4.5 Dyes for Polyolefin Fibers

  22. Stain Blockers and Fluorochemicals

  23. 1 BACKGROUND

  24. 2 STAIN RESIST CHEMICALS FOR NYLON CARPET

  25. 3 TECHNOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY

  26. 4 FLUOROCHEMICALS

  27. 5 STAIN RESISTANCE TECHNOLOGY

  28. 6 APPLICATION OF STAIN RESIST CHEMICALS

  29. 6.1 Basic Information

  30. 6.2 Development of the Foam Application

  31. 7 EXAMPLES OF STAIN RESISTANT APPLICATIONS

  32. 7.1 Batch Exhaust

  33. 7.2 Continuous Exhaust

  34. 7.3 Use in Drying Only

  35. 7.4 Foam Application

  36. 7.5 Exhaustion of Stain Blocker on Nylon

  37. 8 PERFORMANCE TESTING

Part 5: Performance, Cleaning, and Recycling 17. Performance Issues 17.1 STANDARDS AND TESTS 17.1.1 Standards and Tests for Carpets 17.1.2 Standards and Tests for Backing 17.2 APPEARANCE RETENTION 17.3 FLAMMABILITY 17.3.1 Pill Test 17.3.2 Discussion of Pill Test Results 17.3.3 Radiant Panel Test 17.4 SOUND ABSORPTION 17.4.1 Testing Terminology 17.4.2 Testing of Carpet 17.4.3 Impact Sound Insulation 17.5 OTHER PERFORMANCE ISSUES 17.5.1 Butylated Hydroxy Toluene (BHT) Yellowing 17.5.2 Discoloration from Stain Blockers 17.5.3 Pile Crush or Matting 17.5.4 Shading 17.5.5 Pilling 17.5.6 Fuzzing 17.5.7 Delamination or Backing Separation 17.5.8 Indentation 17.5.9 Static 17.5.10 Grinning

  1. Maintenance and Cleaning

  2. 1 CLEANING METHODS AND EQUIPMENT

  3. 2 REMOVAL OF STAINS AND CLEANING HINTS

  4. 3 CLEANING STAINS AND SPILLS

  5. 3.1 Common Spill Removal

  6. Recycling

  7. 1 DISCUSSION

  8. 2 USES

  9. 2.1 Plastic Lumber

  10. 2.2 Concrete Reinforcement

  11. 2.3 Asphalt Modification

  12. 2.4 Use in Soil

  13. 3 RECOVERY PROCESSES

  14. 3.1 Individual Carpet Component Separation

  15. 3.2 Compatiblization of Carpet Components

  16. 3.3 Depolymerization

  17. 4 EXAMPLES OF CARPET RECYCLING

  18. 4.1 Carpet Used for Energy

  19. 4.2 Company Specific Examples of Recycli


Description

This book combines Von Moody's original work and research in the carpet industry with the well respected 1986 textile source book, Textile Fibers, Dyes, Finishes, and Processes: A Concise Guide, by Howard L. Needles to produce a unique practical guide on all aspects of the preparation, manufacture, and performance of carpet. It addresses the structure and properties of fiber, carpet construction, coatings, dyes, finishes, performance, and recycling, among other topics. This volume is an indispensable reference for all practitioners in the carpet industry.

Readership

Professionals and technicians throughout the entire carpet industry (and suppliers of the industry as well) will find this book invaluable to their activities.


Details

No. of pages:
267
Language:
English
Copyright:
© William Andrew 2004
Published:
28th September 2004
Imprint:
William Andrew
Hardcover ISBN:
9781884207990
eBook ISBN:
9780815519409

Ratings and Reviews


About the Authors

Von Moody

Affiliations and Expertise

Auburn University

Howard L. Needles