Early pioneers of ‘Medicine in the Tropics’
Origins of the formal discipline : background factors.
Patrick Manson (1844-1922) ; ‘father’ of the newly-formed speciality, filariasis research in China, medical education, and foundation of the London School of Tropical Medicine.
Alphonse Laveran (1845-1922) and discovery of the causative agent of malaria in 1880.
Ronald Ross (1857-1932) rôle of the Italian malariologists and scientific verification of mosquito-transmission of malaria.
Carlos Finlay (1833-1915) and Yellow fever research in southern America.
James Cantlie (1851-1926) : tropical surgeon, university administrator, and founder of the (Royal) Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene.
George Carmichael Low (1872-1952) : an underrated pioneer, contributions to the (Royal) Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene.
David Bruce (1855-1931) : Malta fever, nagana, and East African trypanosomiasis.
The schistosomiasis saga: Theodor Bilharz (1825-1962), Robert Leiper (1881-1969), and the Japanese investigators.
Joseph Everett Dutton (1874-1905): west African trypanosomiasis and relapsing fever.
The causative agent of leishmaniasis : William Leishman (1865-1926) and Charles Donovan (1863-1951).
Leonard Rogers (1868-1962) : the diseases of Bengal, and the founding of the Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine.
Aldo Castellani (1877-1971) : research in the tropics, and founding of the Ross Institute & Hospital for Tropical Diseases.
Neil Hamilton Fairley (1891-1966): medicine in the tropics and the future of Clinical Tropical Medicine.
Lesser Alexandre Yersin (1863-1943) and other contributions to the plague problem.
Andrew Balfour (1873-1931): pioneer of preventive medicine in the tropics, and first Director of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
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- © 2008
17th September 2007
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