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Tribology - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780081009109, 9780081009512


2nd Edition

Friction and Wear of Engineering Materials

Authors: Ian Hutchings Philip Shipway
Paperback ISBN: 9780081009109
eBook ISBN: 9780081009512
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 17th April 2017
Page Count: 412
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Tribology: Friction and Wear of Engineering Materials, Second Edition covers the fundamentals of tribology and the tribological response of all classes of materials, including metals, ceramics, and polymers.

This fully updated and expanded book maintains its core emphasis on friction and wear of materials, but now also has a strengthened coverage of the more traditional tribological topics of contact mechanics and lubrication. It provides a solid scientific foundation that will allow readers to formulate appropriate solutions when faced with practical problems, as well as to design, perform and interpret meaningful tribological tests in the laboratory. Topics include the fundamentals of surface topography and contact mechanics, friction, lubrication, and wear (including tribo-corrosion), as well as surface engineering, selection of materials and design aspects.

The book includes case studies on bearings, automotive tribology, manufacturing processes, medical engineering and magnetic data storage that illustrate some of the modern engineering applications in which tribological principles play vital roles. Each chapter is complemented by a set of questions suitable for self-study as well as classroom use. This book provides valuable material for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates studying mechanical engineering, materials science and other technical disciplines, and will also be a useful first reference point for any engineer or scientist who encounters tribological issues.

Key Features

  • Provides an excellent general introduction to friction, wear, and lubrication of materials
  • Acts as the ideal entry point to the research literature in tribology
  • Provides the tribological principles to underpin the design process
  • Through systematic coverage of the subject and appropriate questions, develops the reader’s understanding and knowledge of tribology in a logical progression.


Advanced undergraduates and postgraduates in mechanical engineering, materials science or other technical disciplines, as well as engineers and scientists within a number of industries including the following: automotive, aerospace, electronics, mining, petrochemical, personal care.

Table of Contents

1: Introduction

  • Abstract
  • Questions for Chapter 1

2: Surface topography and surfaces in contact

  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Measurement of Surface Topography
  • 2.3 Quantifying Surface Roughness
  • 2.4 The Topography of Engineering Surfaces
  • 2.5 Contact Between Surfaces
  • Questions for Chapter 2

3: Friction

  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Definition of Friction
  • 3.3 The Laws of Friction
  • 3.4 Origins of Friction
  • 3.5 Friction of Metals
  • 3.6 Friction of Ceramic Materials
  • 3.7 Friction of Lamellar Solids
  • 3.8 Friction of Polymers
  • 3.9 Frictional Heating
  • Questions for Chapter 3

4: Lubricants and lubrication

  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Viscosity
  • 4.3 Compositions and Properties of Oils and Greases
  • 4.4 Hydrodynamic Lubrication
  • 4.5 Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication
  • 4.6 Boundary Lubrication
  • 4.7 Solid Lubrication
  • Questions for Chapter 4

5: Sliding wear

  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction and Terminology
  • 5.2 Testing Methods
  • 5.3 Simple Theory of Sliding Wear: The Archard Wear Equation
  • 5.4 Observations of Damage During the Sliding Wear of Metals
  • 5.5 Mechanisms of the Sliding Wear of Metals
  • 5.6 Mild and Severe Wear of Metals
  • 5.7 Wear-Regime Maps for Metals
  • 5.8 Fretting Wear of Metals
  • 5.9 Wear of Metals in Lubricated Contacts
  • 5.10 Sliding Wear of Ceramics
  • 5.11 Sliding Wear of Polymers
  • Questions for Chapter 5

6: Wear by hard particles

  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction and Terminology
  • 6.2 Particle Properties: Hardness, Shape and Size
  • 6.3 Abrasive Wear
  • 6.4 Erosion by Solid Particle Impact
  • Questions for Chapter 6

7: Surface engineering

  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Modification of the Component Surface With No Compositional Change
  • 7.3 Modification of the Component Surface Involving Compositional Change
  • 7.4 Coatings Deposited on to the Component Surface
  • 7.5 Tribological Behaviour and Its Evaluation
  • Questions for Chapter 7

8: Design and selection of materials for tribological applications

  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction and General Principles
  • 8.2 Estimation of Wear Rates
  • 8.3 The Systems Approach
  • 8.4 Reducing Wear by Changing the Operating Variables
  • 8.5 Effect of Lubrication
  • 8.6 Selection of Materials and Surface Engineering Methods
  • Questions for Chapter 8

9: Applications and case studies

  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Bearings: Rolling and Sliding
  • 9.3 Automotive Tribology
  • 9.4 Tribology in Manufacturing
  • 9.5 Bio-tribology: Natural and Artificial Hip Joints
  • 9.6 Magnetic Data Storage
  • Questions for Chapter 9

Appendix A: Indentation hardness—Measurement and meaning

  • A.1 Methods Based on Indentation Area
  • A.2 Methods Based on Indentation Depth
  • A.3 Interpretation of Hardness and Comparison of Hardness Scales

Appendix B: Fundamentals of corrosion and tribocorrosion

  • B.1 Oxide Growth in Air
  • B.2 Aqueous Corrosion
  • B.3 Tribocorrosion

Appendix C: Definition of wear rate


No. of pages:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2017
17th April 2017
Paperback ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Authors

Ian Hutchings

Professor Ian Hutchings has been GKN Professor of Manufacturing Engineering at the University of Cambridge since 2001. Before that, he was Reader in Tribology in the Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy. He has extensive experience in research and teaching on tribological topics. From 1998 to 2012, he was Editor-in-Chief of the international journal, Wear. He is the sole author of the first edition of 'Tribology: Friction and Wear of Engineering Materials' published in 1992, as well as numerous journal and conference papers. In 1994, he was awarded the Tribology Trust Silver Medal, in 2000 the Donald Julius Groen Prize by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and in 2007 the Staudinger-Durrer Prize by ETH Zürich.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Manufacturing Engineering, Institute for Manufacturing, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK

Philip Shipway

Professor Philip Shipway has been Cripps Professor of Engineering Materials at the University of Nottingham since 2006, having been a member of the academic staff there since 1994. He has extensive experience in research and teaching on tribological topics, and has published numerous papers in the field. Since 2013, he has been Co-Editor-in-Chief for the international journal, Wear.

Affiliations and Expertise

Cripps Professor of Engineering Materials, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, UK


From reviews of the first edition:
"… a book with contents, style and depth of approach all carefully selected, honed and polished from successful courses taught in Cambridge." --Times Higher Education Supplement

"… addresses its specific themes of friction and wear in an up-to-date, well-interpreted, lively and authoritative manner." --Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers

Ratings and Reviews