This book draws upon the science of tribology to understand, predict and improve abrasive machining processes. Pulling together information on how abrasives work, the authors, who are renowned experts in abrasive technology, demonstrate how tribology can be applied as a tool to improve abrasive machining processes.

Each of the main elements of the abrasive machining system are looked at, and the tribological factors that control the efficiency and quality of the processes are described. Since grinding is by far the most commonly employed abrasive machining process, it is dealt with in particular detail.

Solutions are posed to many of the most commonly experienced industrial problems, such as poor accuracy, poor surface quality, rapid wheel wear, vibrations, work-piece burn and high process costs. This practical approach makes this book an essential tool for practicing engineers.

Key Features

  • Uses the science of tribology to improve understanding and of abrasive machining processes in order to increase performance, productivity and surface quality of final products
  • A comprehensive reference on how abrasives work, covering kinematics, heat transfer, thermal stresses, molecular dynamics, fluids and the tribology of lubricants
  • Authoritative and ground-breaking in its first edition, the 2nd edition includes 30% new and updated material, including new topics such as CMP (Chemical Mechanical Polishing) and precision machining for micro-and nano-scale applications


Mechanical and manufacturing engineers; Machining process engineers, technicians, consultants; researchers and students of Manufacturing

Table of Contents

Preface to the first edition

Preface to the second edition

About the authors

Part 1: Introduction

1. Introduction

1.1 Abrasive processes

1.2 Abrasives

1.3 Tribological principles

1.4 A typical grinding process

1.5 A tribological system


2. Tribosystems of abrasive machining processes

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Structure of tribomechanical processing

2.3 The three tribosystems in abrasive machining

2.4 Modeling tribosystems of abrasive processes

2.5 Conclusions


Part 2: Physical Mechanisms

3. Kinematic models of abrasive contacts

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Surface grinding

3.3 Cylindrical grinding

3.4 Implications of the stochastic nature of grinding

3.5 Effect of dressing

3.6 Summary of kinematic parameters


4. Contact mechanics

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Contact area

4.3 Contact length

4.4 Smooth body analysis

4.5 Rough surface analysis

4.6 Experimental measurements of Rr

4.7 Elastic stresses due to abrasion

4.8 Summary of contact stress implications


5. Forces, friction, and energy

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Forces and power

5.3 Forces, specific energy, and efficiency

5.4 Examples—materials and grinding conditions

5.5 The size effect

5.6 Effect of wear flat area on specific energy

5.7 Wear and dressing conditions

5.8 Effect of dressing tool wear

5.9 The nature of the grinding forces

5.10 Force ratio and friction coefficient

5.11 Adhesive and abrasive wheel wear

5.12 Slip-line field solutions

5.13 Three-dimensional pyramid model of grinding

5.14 Limit charts

5.15 Process optimization and wheelspeed



No. of pages:
© 2013
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the authors

Ioan D. Marinescu

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Toledo, OH, USA

W. Brian Rowe

W. Brian Rowe is a consulting engineer and recognized bearing expert with more than 30 years’ experience working on a wide range of machinery design problems across all industries. He has previously run courses on bearings at Coventry University in the UK and Stanford University in the USA, as well as sessions on the topic for industrial engineers in Chengdu, China. He has received awards in recognition of his work, including the Walter R. Evans Award for significant contributions to the field of rotor dynamics in 2004.

Affiliations and Expertise

Advanced Manufacturing Technology and Tribology Research Laboratory (AMTTREL) at Liverpool John Moores University, UK

Boris Dimitrov

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Applied Mechanics and the Institute for Precision Mechanics in Bucharest Romania

Hitoshi Ohmori

Affiliations and Expertise

Chief Scientist, Materials Fabrication Laboratory, RIKEN, Japan


"The breadth of knowledge presented is excellent, providing a wide body of test to reference regarding abrasive processes." --Dr Matthew Marshall, University of Sheffield

"I find myself turning to Marinescu’s Tribology when I want fundamental information on the nature of grit-workpiece contact" --Dr Jeffrey Badger, Consultant Engineer