Tribocorrosion of Passive Metals and Coatings

Tribocorrosion of Passive Metals and Coatings

1st Edition - October 12, 2011

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  • Editors: D Landolt, S Mischler
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699666
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093738

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Description

Tribocorrosion causes the degradation or alteration of materials through the combined action of corrosion and wear. It limits the performance and life-time of installations, machines and devices with moving parts, and controls certain manufacturing processes such as chemical–mechanical polishing. The effects of tribocorrosion are most pronounced on passive metals which owe their corrosion resistance to a thin protecting oxide film. Most corrosion-resistant engineering alloys belong to this category.This book provides an introduction to the developing field of tribocorrosion and an overview of the latest research. Part one reviews basic notions of corrosion and tribology, before presenting the most recent results on the growth and structure of passive oxide films. Tribocorrosion mechanisms under fretting, sliding and erosion conditions, respectively, are then discussed. Part two focuses on methods for measuring and preventing tribocorrosion. It includes chapters on electrochemical techniques, the design of tribocorrosion test equipment, data evaluation and the optimisation of materials’ properties for tribocorrosion systems. Part three presents a selection of tribocorrosion problems in engineering and medicine. Three chapters address the tribocorrosion of medical implants including test methods and clinical implications. Other chapters examine tribocorrosion issues in nuclear power plants, marine environments, automotive cooling circuits, elevated-temperature metal working and chemical–mechanical polishing.With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings is an invaluable reference tool for engineers and researchers in industry and academia confronted with tribocorrosion problems.

Key Features

  • Comprehensively reviews current research on the tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings, with particular reference to the design of tribocorrosion test equipment, data evaluation and the optimisation of materials’ properties for tribocorrosion systems
  • Chapters discuss tribocorrosion mechanisms under fretting, sliding and erosion conditions before focussing on methods for measuring and preventing tribocorrosion
  • Includes a comprehensive selection of tribocorrosion problems in engineering and medicine, such as the tribocorrosion of medical implants, and tribocorrosion issues in nuclear power plants, marine environments, automotive cooling circuits and elevated-temperature metal working

Readership

Engineers and researchers in industry and academia confronted with tribocorrosion problems.

Table of Contents

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    Introduction

    Part I: Fundamentals of tribocorrosion

    Chapter 1: Corrosion and passivity of metals and coatings

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Thermodynamics of electrochemical corrosion reactions

    1.3 Kinetics of electrochemical corrosion reactions

    1.4 Passivity of metals and alloys

    1.5 Special modes of corrosion of passive metals and alloys

    1.6 A short description of the physicochemical principles of corrosion protection

    1.7 Future trends and challenges

    Chapter 2: Adsorption layers and passive oxide films on metals

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Dissolution in the active state and effect of adsorption layers

    2.3 Growth of two-dimensional (2D) passive layers

    2.4 Structure and composition of three-dimensional (3D) passive films on metals and alloys

    2.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 3: Friction and wear of passive metals and coatings

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Friction

    3.3 Wear

    3.4 Indices of severity of contact and wear maps

    3.5 Representative experimental values of specific wear rates ws and wear coefficients K

    3.6 Discussion

    3.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Environmental effects in fretting

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction and definitions

    4.2 Basics of fretting

    4.3 Environmental effects in tribology

    4.4 Environmental effects in fretting

    4.5 Some examples of fretting behavior

    4.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 5: Tribocorrosion mechanisms in sliding contacts

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Basis and mechanisms

    5.3 Tribocorrosion mechanisms

    5.4 Modelling in tribocorrosion

    5.5 Future challenges

    Chapter 6: Models and mechanisms of erosion–corrosion in metals

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Erosion

    6.3 Erosion–corrosion models

    6.4 Erosion–corrosion maps for particulate metal matrix composites

    6.5 Erosion–corrosion maps: 3D

    6.6 Erosion–corrosion maps based on experimental data

    6.7 Conclusions

    6.9 Appendix: nomenclature

    Part II: Methods for measurement and prevention of tribocorrosion

    Chapter 7: Electrochemical methods in tribocorrosion

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Electrochemical techniques in corrosion

    7.3 Electrochemical techniques: from electrochemistry to triboelectrochemistry

    7.4 Tribology as a protagonist in electrochemistry

    7.5 Instrumental aspects

    7.6 Applications of electrochemical techniques: a literature survey

    7.7 Quantitative approaches to tribocorrosion using electrochemical techniques

    7.8 Advanced electrochemical techniques in tribocorrosion

    7.9 Trends and perspectives

    Chapter 8: Tribocorrosion test protocols for sliding contacts

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Tribocorrosion rigs for sliding contacts

    8.3 Tribocorrosion protocols

    8.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: Methods for studying erosion–corrosion

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 The role of testing/impact parameters on erosion–corrosion testing

    9.3 Methods for the study of slurry erosion – corrosion

    9.4 High temperature erosion–corrosion

    9.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Metallic materials for tribocorrosion systems

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Material properties resistant to corrosion and wear

    10.3 Tribocorrosion and particular materials

    10.4 Surface modifications

    10.5 Future trends

    Chapter 11: Coatings for tribocorrosion protection

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Tribocorrosion behaviour of coatings

    11.3 Examples of tribocorrosion coatings

    11.4 Conclusions

    Part III: Tribocorrosion in engineering and medicine

    Chapter 12: Biotribocorrosion: surface interactions in total joint replacement (TJR)

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Total joint replacement (TJR): development and evolution

    12.3 Corrosion of metallic biomaterials

    12.4 Tribology behaviour of metal-on-metal total joint replacement (MoM TJR)

    12.5 Protein effects

    12.6 Contact angle

    12.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 13: Tribocorrosion in artificial joints: in vitro testing and clinical implications

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Clinical implications of tribocorrosion

    13.3 Tribocorrosion research in biomedical applications

    13.4 Test conditions and protocol for the evaluation of biomedical implants

    13.5 Case study: tribocorrosion of CoCrMo alloy in self-mating hip joint

    13.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 14: Fretting corrosion in biomedical implants

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Fretting corrosion of biomaterials in the human body

    14.3 Understanding fretting corrosion and its parameters

    14.4 Fretting corrosion of biomaterials

    14.5 Conclusions and future trends

    14.6 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 15: Tribocorrosion issues in nuclear power generation

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Wear of nuclear components

    15.3 Methodology

    15.4 Parametric tribometers ‘AURORE’

    15.5 Main experimental results

    15.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 16: Tribocorrosion in marine environments

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Tribocorrosion applications in marine engineering

    16.3 Failure analysis of hydraulic cylinder piston rods used in riser tensioning systems

    16.4 Factors affecting tribocorrosion in marine environments

    16.5 Testing and material qualification

    16.6 Conclusions and future trends

    16.8 Appendix: abbreviations

    Chapter 17: Erosion-accelerated corrosion in flow systems: the behavior of aluminum alloys in automotive cooling systems

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Basics of erosion–corrosion (E–C) of metals

    17.3 Erosion–corrosion (E–C) of aluminum alloy in automotive cooling system

    17.4 Perspective on erosion–corrosion (E–C) research in flow systems

    17.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 18: Chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP): a controlled tribocorrosion process

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) configuration

    18.3 Effects of friction on material removal

    18.4 Electrochemical and mechanical wear in chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP)

    18.5 Conclusions

    18.6 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 19: Tribocorrosion at elevated temperatures in the metal working industry

    Abstract:

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Approaches for the prevention of tribocorrosion at high temperature in the metal working industry

    19.3 Oxidation mechanisms for steel working tools

    19.4 Experimental study of high temperature wear and friction behavior

    19.5 Role of wear particles

    19.6 Conclusions and future trends

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 576
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2011
  • Published: October 12, 2011
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699666
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093738

About the Editors

D Landolt

Dieter Landolt is Professor Emeritus at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland and is widely regarded for his research expertise on corrosion, tribology and the protection of metals.

S Mischler

Stefano Mischler is a Senior Scientist at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland and is widely regarded for his research expertise on corrosion, tribology and the protection of metals.

Affiliations and Expertise

EPFL, Switzerland

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