Treatise on Geochemistry

2nd Edition

Editor-in-Chiefs: Karl Turekian Heinrich Holland
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080959757
eBook ISBN: 9780080983004
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 8th November 2013
Page Count: 9144
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This extensively updated new edition of the widely acclaimed Treatise on Geochemistry has increased its coverage beyond the wide range of geochemical subject areas in the first edition, with five new volumes which include: the history of the atmosphere, geochemistry of mineral deposits, archaeology and anthropology, organic geochemistry and analytical geochemistry. In addition, the original Volume 1 on "Meteorites, Comets, and Planets" was expanded into two separate volumes dealing with meteorites and planets, respectively. These additions increased the number of volumes in the Treatise from 9 to 15 with the index/appendices volume remaining as the last volume (Volume 16). Each of the original volumes was scrutinized by the appropriate volume editors, with respect to necessary revisions as well as additions and deletions. As a result, 27% were republished without major changes, 66% were revised and 126 new chapters were added.

Key Features

  • In a many-faceted field such as Geochemistry, explaining and understanding how one sub-field relates to another is key. Instructors will find the complete overviews with extensive cross-referencing useful additions to their course packs and students will benefit from the contextual organization of the subject matter.
  • Six new volumes added and 66% updated from 1st edition. The Editors of this work have taken every measure to include the many suggestions received from readers and ensure comprehensiveness of coverage and added value in this 2nd edition.
  • The esteemed Board of Volume Editors and Editors-in-Chief worked cohesively to ensure a uniform and consistent approach to the content, which is an amazing accomplishment for a 15-volume work (16 volumes including index volume)!


A must have for researchers, teachers and (graduate) students of Geochemistry, in particular, and the Geosciences in general. It is also highly recommended for professionals working in contamination clean-up, resource managers, and environmental regulators, among others.

Table of Contents

In Memoriam

Heinrich Dieter Holland (1927–2012)

Karl Karekin Turekian (1927–2013)


Executive Editors’ Foreword to the Second Edition

Permission Acknowledgments

Volume 1: Meteorites and Cosmochemical Processes


Volume Editor’s Introduction


1.1. Classification of Meteorites and Their Genetic Relationships



1.1.1 Introduction

1.1.2 Classification of Chondritic Meteorites

1.1.3 Classification of Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs)

1.1.4 Classification of Nonchondritic Meteorites

1.1.5 Genetic Relations Among Meteorite Groups


1.2. Chondrites and Their Components



1.2.1 Introduction

1.2.2 Classification and Parent Bodies of Chondrites

1.2.3 Bulk Composition of Chondrites

1.2.4 Metamorphism, Alteration, and Impact Processing

1.2.5 Chondritic Components

1.2.6 Formation and Accretion of Chondritic Components

1.2.7 Heating Mechanisms in the Early Solar System


1.3. Calcium–Aluminum-Rich Inclusions in Chondritic Meteorites



1.3.1 Introduction

1.3.2 Changes in this Revision

1.3.3 Some Essential Terminology: Structural Elements of a CAI

1.3.4 Mineralogy and Mineral Chemistry

1.3.5 Diversity and Major Element Bulk Chemistry

1.3.6 Type C CAIs, Compound Objects, and the Chondrule–CAI Connection

1.3.7 Fun CAIs and Hibonite Grains

1.3.8 Distribution Among Chondrite Types

1.3.9 Ages

1.3.10 Trace Elements

1.3.11 Oxygen Isotopes

1.3.12 Short-Lived Radionuclides in CAIs

1.3.13 CAIS, Chondrules, Condensation, and Melt Distillation

1.3.14 Wark–Lovering Rim Seq


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About the Editor-in-Chief

Karl Turekian

KARL KAREKIN TUREKIAN (1927–2013) Karl Turekian was a man of remarkable scientific breadth, with innumerable important contributions to marine geochemistry, atmospheric chemistry, cosmochemistry, and global geochemical cycles. He was mentor to a long list of students, postdocs, and faculty (at Yale and elsewhere), a leader in geochemistry, a prolific author and editor, and had a profound influence in shaping his department at Yale University. In 1949 Karl joined a graduate program in the new field of geochemistry at Columbia University under Larry Kulp with students Dick Holland and his fellow Wheaton alums Wally Broecker and Paul Gast. This was a propitious time as Columbia’s Lamont Geological Observatory had only been established a few years beforehand. It was during these years that Karl began to acquire the skills that led to his rapid emergence as a leader in geochemistry. After a brief postdoc at Columbia, Karl accepted a position as Assistant Professor of Geology at Yale University in 1956, where he set out to create a program in geochemistry from scratch. Karl spent the rest of his life on the Yale faculty and was immersed in geochemistry to the end. He was deeply involved in editing this edition of the massive Treatise on Geochemistry, which has grown to 15 volumes, until only a month before his passing away on 15 March 2013. Karl turned to the study of deep-sea cores and especially the analysis of trace elements to study the wide variety of geochemical processes that are recorded there. His work with Hans Wedepohl in writing and tabulating the Handbook of Geochemistry (Turekian, 1969) was a major accomplishment and this work was utilized by many generations of geochemists. Teaming up with his graduate students and in association with Paul Gast, he developed a mass spectrometry lab at Yale and began to thoroughly investigate the Rb–Sr isotopic systematics of deep-sea clays, not only as repositories but also as sites for exchange to occur and s

Affiliations and Expertise

Yale University, Connecticut, USA

Heinrich Holland

HEINRICH DIETER HOLLAND (1927–2012) Heinrich Dieter ‘Dick’ Holland, who died on 21 May 2012, was responsible for major advances across several fields of geochemistry. He was born on 27 May 1927 and died just short of his 85th birthday. Dick was 19 years old when he graduated from Princeton. After a stint of about a year in the US army with subsequent naturalization, he was drawn to Columbia University to start a career in geochemistry. While Dick was working on his thesis at Columbia, he was recruited in 1950 by Harry Hess, the new chairman of the Princeton geology department, to start a new program in geochemistry at Princeton. Dick ultimately received his PhD in 1952 from Columbia, where he studied the distribution of uranium daughter nuclides in seawater and, to a lesser extent, in sediments, rocks, and minerals as part of an effort to date these materials. At Princeton, Dick was very interested early on in the interactions of the atmosphere, Earth’s surface, and the oceans and history of the atmosphere. Along the way, he also attacked such problems as the distribution of trace elements between aqueous systems (i.e., the ocean) and calcium carbonate, a common deposit of marine organisms, with the hope of using such partitioning as an index of the temperature of precipitation. In the past few years, this work has seen fruition in the study of strontium in corals as temperature indicators of contemporary oceans and has been extended to the past. Dick’s interest in deciphering the history of the oceans and the atmosphere over eons of Earth time resulted in several substantive articles and two fundamental books: The Chemistry of the Atmosphere, Rivers and Oceans (1978) and The Chemical Evolution of the Atmosphere and Oceans (1984). He continued this interest up to his latest days. He wrote a fundamental essay, ‘The geologic history of seawater,’ on the subject in the Treatise on Geochemistry (2003) for which he and I acted as executive editors. We were clo


"This landmark 10-volume publication is a comprehensive review of the many-faceted field of geochemistry. (...)
The Treatise will be an indispensable reference not only to academics but to contamination cleanup professionals, resource managers, and environmental regulators as well."
David W. Morganwalp, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA