Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123747112, 9780080878850

Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science

1st Edition

Editor-in-Chiefs: Donald McLusky Eric Wolanski
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123747112
eBook ISBN: 9780080878850
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 22nd March 2012
Page Count: 4590
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The study of estuaries and coasts has seen enormous growth in recent years, since changes in these areas have a large effect on the food chain, as well as on the physics and chemistry of the ocean. As the coasts and river banks around the world become more densely populated, the pressure on these ecosystems intensifies, putting a new focus on environmental, socio-economic and policy issues.

Written by a team of international expert scientists, under the guidance of Chief Editors Eric Wolanski and Donald McClusky, the Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science examines topics in depth, and aims to provide a comprehensive scientific resource for all professionals and students in the area of estuarine and coastal science

Key Features

  • Most up-to-date reference for system-based coastal and estuarine science and management, from the inland watershed to the ocean shelf
  • Chief editors have assembled a world-class team of volume editors and contributing authors
  • Approach focuses on the physical, biological, chemistry, ecosystem, human, ecological and economics processes, to show how to best use multidisciplinary science to ensure earth's sustainability
  • Provides a comprehensive scientific resource for all professionals and students in the area of estuarine and coastal science
  • Features up-to-date chapters covering a full range of topics


Researchers, advanced undergraduate and graduate students, engineers, professionals and others whose work or study concerns rivers, estuaries, and coastal seas.

Table of Contents


Volume Editors


Permission Acknowledgments

VOLUME 1. Classification of Estuarine and Nearshore Coastal Ecosystems

1.01. Introduction to Classification of Estuarine and Nearshore Coastal Ecosystems

Relevant Websites

Volume Editors: Biographies

1.02. Global Variability in Estuaries and Coastal Settings

Relevant Websites

1.03. Tectonic and Geomorphic Evolution of Estuaries and Coasts

1.04. Classes of Nearshore Coasts

Relevant Websites

1.05. Classification of Estuarine Circulation

1.06. Variation among Estuarine Geochemistry and Productivity

1.07. Ecosystem and Biotic Classifications of Estuaries and Coasts

Volume Editors: Biographies

1.08. Classifying Ecological Quality and Integrity of Estuaries

1.09. Application of Estuarine and Coastal Classifications in Marine Spatial Management

Relevant Websites

1.10. Resource Base

Relevant Websites

VOLUME 2. Water and Fine Sediment Circulation

2.01. Water and Fine-Sediment Circulation

Volume Editors: Biographies

2.02. Turbulence and Stratification in Estuaries and Coastal Seas


2.03. The Dynamics of Strongly Stratified Estuaries


2.04. Small-Scale Surface Fronts in Estuaries

2.05. Residual Circulation, Mixing, and Dispersion

2.06. Free Surface Motions


2.07. Large Estuaries (Effects of Rotation)

2.08. Dynamics of Hypersaline Estuaries

2.09. Wind Stresses on Estuaries

2.10. Waves in Coastal and Estuarine Waters

Further Reading

Relevant Websites

2.11. Interactions between Estuaries and Coasts

2.12. Coastal Circulation

Relevant Websites

2.13. Flow Over and Through Biota

2.14. Biological Influences on Sediment Behavior and Transport

2.15. The Physical Analyses of Muddy Sedimentation Processes

2.16. Measurement Technologies

Relevant Websites

2.17. Modeling of Estuarine and Coastal Waters

Relevant Websites

VOLUME 3. Estuarine and Coastal Geology and Geomorphology

3.01. Estuarine and Coastal Geology and Geomorphology – A Synthesis

Volume Editors: Biographies

3.02. Geology, Morphology, and Sedimentology of Estuaries and Coasts

3.03. Sea-Level Change and Coastal Geomorphic Response

Relevant Websites

3.04. Wave-Dominated Coasts

3.05. River-Dominated Coasts

3.06. Tidal Flat Morphodynamics

3.07. Cliffs and Rock Coasts

3.08. Dune Coasts


3.09. Glaciated Coasts

3.10. Polar Coasts

3.11. Coastal Erosion Processes and Impacts

VOLUME 4. Geochemistry of Estuaries and Coasts

4.01. Introduction to the Geochemistry of Estuaries and Coasts

Volume Editors: Biographies

4.02. Sediment Record and Storage of Organic Carbon and the Nutrient Elements (N, P, and Si) in Estuaries and Near-Coastal Seas

4.03. Tracer Studies of Benthic Communities and Biogeochemical Processes in Coastal and Estuarine Marine Environments

4.04. The Role of Suspended Particles in Estuarine and Coastal Biogeochemistry

Relevant Websites

4.05. Redox Metal Processes and Controls in Estuaries

4.06. Aggregation of Colloids in Estuaries

4.07. Modeling Organic Compounds in the Estuarine and Coastal Environment

Relevant Websites

Volume Editors: Biographies

4.08. Submarine Groundwater Discharge

4.09. Indicators of Anthropogenic Change and Biological Risk in Coastal Aquatic Environments

4.10. The Production of Trace Gases in the Estuarine and Coastal Environment

Relevant Websites

4.11. Integrated Risk Assessments for the Management of Contaminated Sediments in Estuaries and Coastal Systems

Relevant Websites

4.12. The Use of Biomarkers as Simple, Rapid Cost-Effective Techniques to Aid in an Integrated Approach to Environmental Management and Risk Assessment with Particular Emphasis on Radionuclides

VOLUME 5. Biogeochemistry

5.01. Biogeochemistry, An Introduction

Relevant Websites

5.02. Dissolved Organic Carbon Cycling and Transformation

5.03. Particulate Organic Carbon Cycling and Transformation

Relevant Websites

5.04. Carbon Dioxide and Methane Dynamics in Estuaries

5.05. Oxygen – Dynamics and Biogeochemical Consequences

Relevant Websites

5.06. Phosphorus Cycling in the Estuarine and Coastal Zones

5.07. Internal Cycling of Nitrogen and Nitrogen Transformations

5.08. Nitrogen Cycle – External Cycling

5.09. Estuarine and Coastal Sediments – Coupled Biogeochemical Cycling

5.10. Coupled C, N, P, and O Biogeochemical Cycling at the Land–Ocean Interface

5.11. Biogeochemical Budgeting in Estuaries

Relevant Websites

VOLUME 6. Trophic Relationships of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems

6.01. Introduction to Food Webs in Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems

Relevant Websites

Volume Editors: Biographies

6.02. Particulate Organic Detritus and Detritus Feeders in Coastal Food Webs

6.03. Primary Producers

6.04. Trophic Interactions in Coastal and Estuarine Mangrove Forest Ecosystems

6.05. Plankton Consumer Groups

6.06. Gelatinous Zooplankton and Their Trophic Roles

6.07. Meiofauna as Consumers in Coastal Food Webs

6.08. High-Trophic-Level Consumers

6.09. High-Trophic-Level Consumers

6.10. Ecosystem Studies

Relevant Website

6.11. Trophic Relationships in Salt Marshes of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystems

Relevant Websites

6.12. Whole Food-Web Studies

Relevant Websites

6.13. Food Web of Intertidal Mussel and Oyster Beds

VOLUME 7. Functioning of Ecosystems at the Land–Ocean Interface

7.01. Functioning of Ecosystems at the Land–Ocean Interface

Volume Editors: Biographies

7.02. Trends in Estuarine Phytoplankton Ecology

7.03. Functional Consequences of Invasive Species in Coastal and Estuarine Systems

7.04. Physical Ecosystem Engineers and the Functioning of Estuaries and Coasts

7.05. Metabolic Balance between Ecosystem Production and Consumption

7.06. Connectivity of Estuaries

7.07. Use of Stable Isotopes to Understand Food Webs and Ecosystem Functioning in Estuaries

7.08. Coastal Monitoring Programs

Relevant Websites

VOLUME 8. Human-Induced Problems (Uses and Abuses)

8.01. Introduction – Overview

Volume Editors: Biographies

8.02. Estuarine and Coastal Structures

8.03. Chemical Introductions to Estuarine and Coastal Systems

8.04. Chemical Introductions to the Systems

Relevant Websites

8.05. Chemical Introductions to the Systems

Relevant Websites

8.06. Biological Introductions to the Systems

8.07. Removal of Physical Materials from Systems

8.08. Removals of the Physical Resources from the Systems

Relevant Websites

8.09. Removals (Wild Harvesting) of the Biological Resources from Systems

8.10. The Culture of Aquatic Species

8.11. Climate Change: Effects, Causes, Consequences

VOLUME 9. Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Modelling

9.01. Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Modeling

Volume Editors: Biographies

9.02. Contemporary Concepts and Models of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function

Relevant Websites

9.03. Ecological Modeling in Environmental Management

9.04. Quantitative Methods for Ecological Network Analysis and Its Application to Coastal Ecosystems

9.05. Spatial and Temporal Models of Energy and Material Dynamics in Flow Networks of Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems

Relevant Websites

9.06. Ecopath Theory, Modeling, and Application to Coastal Ecosystems

Relevant Websites

9.07. Inverse Modeling in Modern Ecology and Application to Coastal Ecosystems

9.08. The LOICZ Biogeochemical Modeling Protocol and its Application to Estuarine Ecosystems

Relevant Websites

9.09. Artificial Neural Network Modeling of Phytoplankton Blooms and its Application to Sampling Sites within the Same Estuary

Relevant Websites

9.10. Integration of Bayesian Inference Techniques with Mathematical Modeling

Relevant Websites

9.11. Hypoxia in Waters of the Coastal Zone

9.12. Forecasting and Modeling of Harmful Algal Blooms in the Coastal Zone

Relevant Websites

9.13. Ecosystem Modeling in Small Subtropical Estuaries and Embayments

9.14. Material Exchange Processes between Sediment and Water in Coastal Ecosystems and Their Modeling

9.15. Understanding the Nitrogen Cycle through Network Models in Coastal Ecosystems

9.16. Analytical Characterization of Selective Benthic Flux Components in Estuarine and Coastal Waters

9.17. Effects of Some Ecohydrological Thresholds on the Stability of Aquatic Fine-Sediment Beds

9.18. Linking Ecology, Modeling, and Management in Coastal Systems

9.18.14 Summary

VOLUME 10. Ecohydrology and Restoration

10.01. Introduction to Ecohydrology and Restoration of Estuaries and Coastal Ecosystems

Volume Editors: Biographies

10.02. Hydrology and Biota Interactions as Driving Forces for Ecosystem Functioning

10.03. Quantification of Coastal Ecosystem Resilience


10.04. Integration of Social and Cultural Aspects in Designing Ecohydrology and Restoration Solutions

Editors in Chief: Biographies

10.05. River-Coast Connectivity, Estuarine Nursery Function and Coastal Fisheries

10.06. Interaction of River Basins and Coastal Waters – An Integrated Ecohydrological View

10.07. Restoration of Seagrass Community to Reverse Eutrophication in Estuaries

10.08. Restoring Coastal Ecosystems from Fisheries and Aquaculture Impacts

10.09. Restoration Strategies for Intertidal Salt Marshes

10.10. The Pressing Challenges of Mangrove Rehabilitation

Relevant Websites

10.11. Restoration of Groundwater Quality to Sustain Coastal Ecosystems Productivity

10.12. Aquatic Ecosystems, Human Health, and Ecohydrology

10.13. Ecohydrology Modeling


VOLUME 11. Management of Estuaries and Coasts

11.01. Integrated Management of Coasts in Times of Global Change – A Social–Ecological System Perspective – Introduction and Volume Synthesis

Volume Editors: Biographies

11.02. The Social Dimension of Social–Ecological Management

Relevant Websites

11.03. Management Case Study

11.04. Management Case Study

Relevant Websites

11.05. Management Case Study

Relevant Websites

11.06. Practitioner Reflections on Integrated Coastal Management Experience in Europe, South Africa, and Ecuador

11.07. ICZM and the Wadden Sea

Relevant Websites

11.08. Management of the Sustainable Development of Deltas

11.09. Integrated Management in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan

11.10. Integrated Coastal and Estuarine Management in South and Southeast Asia

Relevant Websites

11.11. Integrated Coastal and Estuarine Management in Arctic Coastal Systems

Relevant Websites

11.12. Assessing Major Environmental Issues in the Caribbean and Pacific Coasts of Colombia, South America


11.13. The Coastal and Marine Environment of Western and Eastern Africa

VOLUME 12. Ecological Economics of Estuaries and Coasts

12.01. Ecological Economics of Estuaries and Coasts

Relevant Websites

Volume Editors: Biographies

12.02. What Are Ecosystem Services?

Relevant Websites

12.03. Valuation of Coastal Ecosystem Services

12.04. Environmental Benefit Transfers of Ecosystem Service Valuation

Relevant Websites

12.05. Integrated Modeling of Coastal and Estuarine Ecosystem Services

Relevant Websites

12.06. Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems and Their Services

12.07. Ecosystem Services Provided by Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems

12.08. The Forgotten Service

12.09. Nutrient Recycling and Waste Treatment as a Service from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems


12.10. Climate Regulation as a Service from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems

Volume Editors: Biographies

12.11. Recreational, Cultural, and Aesthetic Services from Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems

Relevant Websites

12.12. New Sustainable Governance Institutions for Estuaries and Coasts

12.13. Enhancing the Resilience of Coastal Communities

12.14. Scenarios for Coastal Vulnerability Assessment

12.15. A Scenario Analysis of Climate Change and Ecosystem Services for the Great Barrier Reef

Relevant Websites



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About the Editor-in-Chief

Donald McLusky

Dr. Donald McLusky was for many years a Senior Lecturer in Marine Biology at the University of Stirling, Scotland, UK. He also served as the Head of Department and Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Science. He holds a B.Sc. degree in Zoology from the University of Aberdeen and a Ph.D. degree on estuarine eco-physiology from the University of Stirling. Whilst at Stirling his research interests were centred on the biology of the Forth estuary, with many studies of the intertidal fauna including the annelids, molluscs and crustaceans. For over 25 years he was responsible for the monitoring of the effects on the intertidal environment of a large petro-chemical complex at Grangemouth on the Forth. He also studied the impact of two marine oil terminals on the surrounding marine environment. He supervised the Ph.D. programmes of many young estuarine and marine scientists both at Stirling and also in Sri Lanka, Bahrain and Portugal.

Away from Stirling University he was a Visiting fellow at the University of Copenhagen's marine laboratory at Helsingør on several occasions, as well as a Visiting Professor at the University of Paris, and Rivers State University, Nigeria. He was the Honorary Secretary of the Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association (ECSA) and remains their Trustee. He was a member of the Council of the Scottish Marine Biological Association, and a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of Scottish Natural Heritage. He is the author of over 60 scientific papers on marine, estuarine and freshwater biology.

He is the author of the well-established textbook The Estuarine Ecosystem, which is now in its 3rd edition, as well as Ecology of Estuaries, and the editor of several volumes including The Freshwaters of Scotland, North Sea - Estuarine Interactions and The Environment of the Estuary and Firth of Forth. He was the editor of the journal Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science for 10 years, from 2000.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Stirling, Scotland, UK

Eric Wolanski

Professor Eric Wolanski is an estuarine oceanographer at James Cook University and the Australian Institute of Marine Science. His research interests range from the oceanography of coral reefs, mangroves, and muddy estuaries, to the interaction between physical and biological processes determining ecosystem health in tropical waters. He has 370 publications and reports. Eric is a fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, the Institution of Engineers Australia (ret.), and l’Acade´mie Royale des Sciences d’Outre-Mer. He was awarded an Australian Centenary medal, a Doctorate Honoris Causa by the Catholic University of Louvain and a Lifetime Achievement Award by the Estuarine & Coastal Sciences Association. Eric is an editor-in-chief of Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Wetlands Ecology and Management, and the Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science.

Eric is a member of the editorial board of Journal of Coastal Research, Journal of Marine Systems, Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology, and Continental Shelf Research. He is a member of the Scientific and Policy Committee of the Japan-based International Center for Environmental Management of Enclosed Coastal Seas, a Visiting Professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and a member of the College of Experts of the Australian Research Council.

Affiliations and Expertise

James Cook University & Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia