Trauma Plating Systems

Trauma Plating Systems

Biomechanical, Material, Biological, and Clinical Aspects

1st Edition - March 15, 2017

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  • Authors: Amirhossein Goharian, Mohammed Abdul Kadir, Mohamed Abdullah
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128047583
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128046340

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Description

Trauma Plating Systems is the first reference and systematic book in the topic of trauma plating system in view of biomechanical, material, biological, and clinical aspects. The effects of these aspects on effectiveness of trauma plating fixation are deeply reviewed, discussed, and challenged from which promising evaluation and development concepts are explored. This book is divided into five sections: Section I covers general concepts of biomechanical, material, biological, and clinical aspects. Then it provides fundamentals of trauma plating systems, principles of biomechanical evaluation methods, and biomechanics of plating fixation in Section II. Section III reviews current metallic materials with their advantages and disadvantages in plating fixation of bone fractures and new promising materials with their potential benefits to enhance the effectiveness of plating fixation. Section IV represents currently concerned biomechanical-clinical challenges of plating fixation for various bone fractures, and Section V presents current and new development concepts of this type of trauma implants. This book as an accessible and easy usable textbook for various disciplines of audiences who are dealing with trauma plating system and fixation such as orthopedic surgeons, trauma implant manufacturers, biomechanical researchers, biomaterial researchers, and all biomedical or medical students and residents in different levels of education. Author has been diligent in both engineering and research environments in terms of research, testing, analysis, validation, verification, clinical studies, and technical writing. His main interest and effort is to integrate biomechanical, material, biological, and clinical requirements of orthopedic implants for creation of novel design conception in this industry. He has developed the website http://orthoimplant-development.com/ for further communication in development of orthopedic implants.

Key Features

  • Smooth writing style for effective following, fast reading, and easy accessibility of the content
  • Detailed and insight reviews, discussions, and new ideas in evaluation methods and design conception
  • Disclosing of a novel conceptual plating system (Advance Healing Fixation System—AHealFS) with advanced biomechanical and clinical benefits in various stages of healing period potential to bring an interesting science breakthrough in fixation of bone fractures

Readership

Various disciplines of audiences who are dealing with trauma plating system and fixation such as orthopedic surgeons, trauma implant manufacturers, biomechanical researchers, biomaterial researchers, and all biomedical or medical students and residents in different levels of education

Table of Contents

  • Section I: General Biomechanical, Clinical, and Biological Concepts

    1. General Concepts

    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Biological Concepts
    • 1.2 Biomechanical Concepts
    • 1.3 Material Concepts
    • 1.4 Clinical Concepts
    • 1.5 Remind and Learn
    • 1.6 Think and Challenge
    • References

    2. Mechanical Behavior of Cortical Bone

    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Cortical Bone Structure and Composition
    • 2.3 Linear Elasticity Behavior
    • 2.4 Mechanical Behavior of Bone
    • 2.5 Anisotropic Behavior of the Cortical Bone
    • 2.6 Compressive and Tensile Strength of Cortical Bone
    • 2.7 Compressive and Tensile Strength in Longitudinal and Transverse Directions
    • 2.8 Brittle Damaged Plasticity Model of Cortical Bone
    • 2.9 Fractographic Analysis of Cortical Bone
    • 2.10 Summary
    • 2.11 Remind and Learn
    • References

    3. Mechanical Behavior of Trabecular Bone

    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Macrostructure Level of Trabecular Bone
    • 3.3 Morphological Indices Specified for Trabecular Bone
    • 3.4 Trabecular Bone Mechanical Properties
    • 3.5 Fatigue Response of Trabecular Bone
    • 3.6 Conclusion
    • 3.7 Remind and Learn
    • References

    Section II: Introduction to Trauma Plating Systems

    4. Trauma Plating Fixation

    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Technology
    • 4.3 Design Concepts
    • 4.4 Limited Contact Surface
    • 4.5 Anatomical Fit
    • 4.6 Buttressing Design
    • 4.7 Screw Holes
    • 4.8 Compression and Lagging Mechanism
    • 4.9 Locking Mechanism
    • 4.10 Soft-Tissue Irritation
    • 4.11 Trajectory
    • 4.12 Mechanical Strength
    • 4.13 Implant Removal
    • 4.14 Screw Fixation in Osteoporotic Bone
    • 4.15 Instruments
    • 4.16 Summary
    • 4.17 Remind and Learn
    • 4.18 Think and Challenge
    • References

    5. Biomechanical Evaluation Methods

    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Experimental Methods
    • 5.3 Finite Element Analysis
    • 5.4 Combination of Experimental Testing and FEA
    • 5.5 Summary
    • 5.6 Remind and Learn
    • 5.7 Think and Challenge
    • References

    6. Biomechanics of Plating Fixation

    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction to Biomechanics
    • 6.2 Clinical Biomechanical Concepts
    • 6.3 Effect of Mechanical Loading on Bone Remodeling
    • 6.4 AO Essential Principles
    • 6.5 Biomechanics of Fracture Fixation
    • 6.6 Summary
    • 6.7 Remind and Learn
    • 6.8 Think and Challenge
    • References

    Section III: Biomaterials in Trauma Plating Systems

    7. Bioinert Metals (Stainless Steel, Titanium, Cobalt Chromium)

    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Stainless Steel
    • 7.3 Titanium Alloys
    • 7.4 Cobalt Chromium
    • 7.5 Summary
    • 7.6 Remind and Learn
    • 7.7 Think and Challenge
    • References

    8. Biodegradable Metals (Biodegradable Magnesium Alloys)

    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Mechanical Deterioration
    • 8.3 In Vivo Degradation of Magnesium Alloys
    • 8.4 In Vivo Evaluation of Magnesium Alloys With Surface Treatments
    • 8.5 In Vitro Evaluation of Magnesium Alloys with Surface Treatments
    • 8.6 Effect of Manufacturing Processing on Degradation Rate
    • 8.7 Summary
    • 8.8 Remind and Learn
    • 8.9 Think and Challenge
    • References

    9. Bioinert Polymers (Polyetheretherketone)

    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 PEEK Biomechanical Advantages and Challenges
    • 9.3 PEEK Bioactivity Advantages and Challenges
    • 9.4 PEEK in Orthopedic Implants
    • 9.5 Discussion
    • 9.6 Remind and Learn
    • 9.7 Think and Challenge
    • References

    Section IV: Biomechanical-Clinical Evaluation of Trauma Plating Systems

    10. Humerus Trauma Plating Fixation

    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Proximal Humerus Fracture Fixation
    • 10.3 Distal Humeral Fracture Fixation
    • 10.4 Discussion
    • 10.5 Remind and Learn
    • 10.6 Think and Challenge
    • References

    11. Forearm (Radius and Ulna) Plating Fixation

    • Abstract
    • 11.1 Introduction
    • 11.2 Biomechanics of Forearm
    • 11.3 Plating Fixation of Distal Radius Fractures
    • 11.4 Diaphyseal Plating Fracture Fixation
    • 11.5 Proximal Radius Fracture Fixation
    • 11.6 Discussion
    • 11.7 Remind and Learn
    • 11.8 Think and Challenge
    • References

    12. Femur Trauma Plating Fixation

    • Abstract
    • 12.1 Introduction
    • 12.2 Proximal Femur Plating Fixation
    • 12.3 Distal Femur Fracture Fixation
    • 12.4 Plating Fixation of Femur Shaft Fracture
    • 12.5 Discussion
    • 12.6 Remind and Learn
    • 12.7 Think and Challenge
    • References

    13. Tibia and Fibula Trauma Plating Fixation

    • Abstract
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 General Biomechanical Concept of Tibia Bone
    • 13.3 Proximal Tibia Fracture Fixation
    • 13.4 Distal Tibia Fracture Fixation
    • 13.5 Distal Fibula Fracture Fixation
    • 13.6 Discussion
    • 13.7 Remind and Learn
    • 13.8 Think and Challenge
    • References

    14. Hand and Foot Trauma Plating Fixation

    • Abstract
    • 14.1 Introduction
    • 14.2 Hand Plating Fixation
    • 14.3 Foot Plating Fixation
    • 14.4 Discussion
    • 14.5 Remind and Learn
    • 14.6 Think and Challenge
    • References

    15. Pelvic and Clavicle Trauma Plating Fixation

    • Abstract
    • 15.1 Introduction
    • 15.2 Pelvic Fracture Fixation
    • 15.3 Clavicle Fracture Fixation
    • 15.4 Discussion
    • 15.5 Remind and Learn
    • 15.6 Think and Challenge
    • References

    Section V: Further Development of Trauma Plating System

    16. Further Development of Trauma Plating Fixation

    • Abstract
    • 16.1 Introduction
    • 16.2 Biomechanical Development Concepts
    • 16.3 Material Development Concepts
    • 16.4 Biological Development Concept
    • 16.5 Clinical Development Concept
    • 16.6 New Concept for Future Development
    • 16.7 Remind and Learn
    • 16.8 Think and Challenge
    • Reference

Product details

  • No. of pages: 420
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2017
  • Published: March 15, 2017
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128047583
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128046340

About the Authors

Amirhossein Goharian

Amirhossein Goharian is a Senior Engineer working in the orthopedic implant industry. He earned his Bachelor’s degree from the University of Kashan in 2007, and his completed his Master’s in Mechanical Engineering in Biomechanics at the University Technology Malaysia (UTM) in 2012. He joined the R&D department of LEONIX Sdn. Bhd., Penang, Malaysia, in 2012, rising to Senior R&D Leader in Jan 2015. In 2017, he joined Isfahan Orthopedic Implant Development Co., an orthopedic implant manufacturer in Isfahan, Iran, as the QA-R&D leader until Sep 2020. Since then, he has been developing innovations in the field of orthopedic implants, based on ideas set out in his published work. Goharian has previously published three books with Elsevier, covering trauma plating systems, osseointegration and surface engineering of orthopedic implants.

Affiliations and Expertise

Independent Engineering Consultant in Orthopaedic Implant and Biomaterial Industry, Isfahan, Iran

Mohammed Abdul Kadir

Qualifications & Experience: Various aspects of biomedical engineering such as biomaterials, biomechanics, image processing, tissue engineering, bioactive coating, FE and experimental evaluation of orthopaedic implants and soft tissues, in vitro and in-vivo clinical studies, orthopaedic implant clinical investigating, etc.

Affiliations and Expertise

Medical Devices & Technology Group, Faculty of Biosciences & Medical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Mohamed Abdullah

Qualifications & Experience: Experimental testing of composite biomaterials, Processing of composite biomaterials, Mechanical Evaluation of Orthopedic Implants.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Applied Mechanics & Design, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia

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