Transportation Planning, Policy and Analysis

Transportation Planning, Policy and Analysis

Urban and Regional Planning Series

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Author: D. N. M. Starkie
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156439

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Description

Urban and Regional Planning Series, Volume 13: Transportation Planning, Policy and Analysis is a review of selected policies affecting the administration, urban transportation, and proposals regarding transport improvements. The book discusses the inter-relationship of transport policy and analysis of transportation planning. The text outlines the development of transportation planning considering the constraints placed upon studies made in the transportation system. The author describes the planning process as evolving, with the nature of the problem changing along with the passing of time. The author reviews the administrative framework and the polices affecting urban traffic and public transports. He evaluates the policy-decision mechanisms influenced by ""maximization subject to constraint."" The author then presents some mathematical simulation models of transport, and then emphasizes that actual testing and experimentation of a model are needed to overcome any cardinal weaknesses. The book also cites the SELNEC and Tyneside studies where their major component is on road expenditure, which studies regarded as not very cost-effective. The author then cites legislations and development proposals that transportation plans should be integrated with land use planning and traffic systems. The author also discusses why developments in transport planning analysis is a political decision. City administrators, officials of traffic and engineering departments and bureaus, civil engineers, and urban developers will find this book of interest.

Table of Contents


  • List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Preface

    Part One: The 1960's

    1 The Evolution of Modern Transport Planning

    The Planning Environment

    The Modern Planning Process

    Transportation Studies: The New Approach

    Project Studies and the New Approach

    Features of Systems Planning

    The Aim of Comprehensiveness

    Explicit Concern with Methodology

    A Concern with Alternative Strategies

    Conclusions

    2 The Administrative Framework

    Transportation Planning and Central Government Structure

    Transport Planning and Local Government Structure

    The Organization of Conurbation Transportation Studies

    The Establishment of the Greater London Council and Passenger Transport Authorities

    3 Traffic and Public Transport Policies

    Attempts to Accommodate the Car

    Traffic Restraint

    Promotion of Public Transport

    4 Evaluation Policy

    Introduction

    Maximizing the Overall Level of Service

    Maximizing Profits

    Maximizing User Surpluses

    Maximizing the Combined Surplus of Users and Operators

    Surplus Changes to Non-users

    The Treatment of Intangibles

    The Distribution of Surpluses between Contemporaries

    Distribution over Time

    Conclusions

    5 Transportation Planning Models

    Mathematical Simulation: The Travel Model

    Estimating the Number of Journeys Made

    The Use and Choice of Mode

    Distribution of Journeys

    Assignment to Routes

    Paradigms

    Later Procedures

    Iconic Simulation: Demonstration Projects

    Market Research Methods

    Part Two: The 1970's

    6 Reaction to the First-generation Transportation Studies

    Introduction

    Counter-pressures

    Reform of the Compensation Code

    Reorganization within the Department of the Environment

    Public Consultation

    Conclusions

    7 Recent Policies

    Local-transport Policies

    Local Government Reform

    Public Transport and Local Government

    Transport Policies and Programs

    The Block and Supplementary Grant System

    Non-local Transport

    Inter-urban Road Transport Policies

    8 Signs of the Seventies

    Introduction

    Preservation of Environmental Quality

    A Problem of Accessibility rather than Mobility

    Accessibility for Whom?

    Conclusions

    References

    Stationery Office Publications

    Other Publications

    Appendix A Motor Vehicles in Use, 1946-74

    Appendix B Description of a Typical Transportation Planning Package (COMPACT)

    Appendix C Transport Policies and Programs 1975/6

    Appendix D Public Expenditure and Transport

    Index

    Other Books in the Series

Product details

  • No. of pages: 160
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156439

About the Author

D. N. M. Starkie

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