- General formulation of transport phenomena
2. Transport phenomena and their relations
a. Thermo-magneto-galvanic effects
b. Quasi particles transport
3. Experimental techniques to measure transport properties in solids
a. Electrical resistivity, thermopower, thermal conductivity, Nernst, Ettinsghausen and Peltier effects
b. Transport coefficient derivatives: dc and ac methods
c. Magnetoresistance, Hall effect
d. Indirect and non-contact measurements
4. Transient and dynamics of transport phenomena
a. Transport under pulsed magnetic fields
b. Large scale facilities
c. Microscale setups
5. Microscopic information provided by transport measurements; case studies
a. Phase transitions and critical behavior
b. Order-disorder in materials
c. Spin reorientation transitions
d. Relaxation phenomena
e. Electrodeposition viewed within the scope of transport phenomena
f. Colossal magnetocaloric effect
g. Transport phenomena in superconductors and applications; high TC superconductors
h. Magneto-Seebeck Effect
6. Transport phenomena in thin films and nanostructures
a. Experimental techniques
b. Transport in thin films
c. Transport in nanowires and nanotubes
d. Ballistic transport
e. Nanogranular media
f. Transport in Graphene and 2D semiconductors
g. Topological insulators
a. Read heads
d. Electrical noise in magnetic nanostructures
e. Nano-oscillators (magnetic nanopillars, spin torque, coupling effects)
f. Hysteretic transport phenomena
g. Spin Orbitronics
h. Spintronics in Graphene
8. Role of transport coefficients in energy conversion devices
a. Figures of merit, micro-coolers and micro-heaters
c. Thermo-magneto-electric effects
Transport Phenomena in Micro- and Nanoscale Functional Materials and Devices offers an experiment-orientated, pragmatic view on transport phenomena for micro- and nanoscale materials and devices, both as a research tool and as a means to implant new functions in a material.
Part I emphasises transport properties (TP) as a powerful research tool at the micro/nano level, and also gives an experimental view on the underlying techniques. The relevance of TP is highlighted through the interplay between a micro/nanocarrier’s characteristics and the media characteristics: long/short-range order and disorder (atomic, magnetic, electric), excitations, couplings and in energy conversions. The role of external parameters and driving "forces", in static or dynamic regimes, to functionalize TP includes thermo-magneto-galvanic and changes in carrier concentrations (also with phonons), as well as direct energy conversions such as thermoelectric and photoelectric. In suitable functional media, external agents can also induce switching, memory phenomena and phase transitions, and these can be sharply reflected in different transport properties. The TP characteristics and their high experimental accuracy provide extreme sensitivity to minute changes in the media, thus amplifying their functionalities at the micro/nanoscale level.
Part II contains case studies, giving up-to-date perspectives on the role of transport properties in functional nanomaterials in forefront science and technological applications. This includes transport in thin films and Nanostructures, from nanogranular films to graphene and 2D semiconductors, spintronics, from read heads, MRAMs and sensors to nano-oscillators, and energy conversion, from figures of merit, micro-coolers and micro-heaters, to spincaloritronics.
- A pragmatic description of electrical transport phenomena in micro- and nanoscale materials and devices from an experimental viewpoint
- An in-depth overview of the experimental techniques available to measure transport phenomena in micro- and nanoscale materials, featuring case studies to illustrate how each works
- Highlights emerging areas of interest in micro- and nanomaterial transport phenomena, including spintronics
Academics focusing in the areas of materials characterization, materials chemistry, molecular engineering, 2D nanomaterials and spintronics. The book will also appeal to engineers working in device modelling seeking to understand how micro/nanomanipulation can increase the efficiency of electronic transport
- No. of pages:
- © William Andrew 2019
- 1st August 2019
- William Andrew
- Hardcover ISBN:
João Oliveira Ventura is a Research Scientist at the Institute of Materials Physics, University of Porto, Portugal, where he has worked on nano-fabrication since 2008. His research interests more widely include spintronics, nanostructures, magnetic nanostructures, ion beam deposition, and lithography.
Institute of Materials Physics, University of Porto, Portugal
João Bessa Sousa is Professor at the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Porto, Portugal, His research activity focuses on micro and nanotechnologies, particularly spintronics and their applications in magneto-optical and self-organization at the nanometer level. He has published over 260 articles in peer-reviewed international journals. In 2004, he was made Commander of the Order of the Sword Sant`Iago, one of Portugal’s highest civil honors. In 2005 he was awarded the Prize for Scientific Excellence by the Foundation for Science and Technology.
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Porto, Portugal
João Pedro Araújo is Assistant Professor of Physics at the University of Porto, Portugal. His research focuses on the preparation and fundamental studies on materials exhibiting strong interplay between electronic, spin, orbital and lattice degree of freedom. His is also working on thin-film preparation (Ion bem Deposition and Laser Ablation) and physical aspects of nanodevices, in particular spinvalve and tunnel-junctions. He is interested in bottom up-approaches for nanofabrication namely using nanoporous alumina templates and on using them for various application ranging from optics, solar/water-splitting –cells up to biotechnological applications.
University of Porto, Portugal
André Pereira is Assistant Professor in the Department of Physics at the University of Porto, where he has worked since 2013. His research focuses on the development of innovative devices and sensors for micro/nanopower supply, Thermalt sensors and temperature control. He has also worked on magnetic nanoparticles and silica nanoparticles for use in catalysis, biomedical application (MRI and hyperthermia) and textiles.
Department of Physics, University of Porto, Portugal
Paulo Freitas is Professor of Physics at the University of Lisbon, Portugal. His current research interests include GMR heads for ultra-high density recording, spin-dependent tunneling junctions, non-volatile memories, magnetic multilayers and thin films, micro magnetism, transport phenomena, GMR sensors, bioelectronics and biosensors. He is the author of more than 350 scientific articles, one patent and inventor of a bioelectronic device.
University of Lisbon, Portugal